Studies in Outdoor Recreation : Search and Research for Satisfaction

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-12-01
  • Publisher: UBC
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For twenty-five years,Studies in Outdoor Recreationhas been a standard text in courses on parks and outdoor recreation and serves as an invaluable reference for park and recreation managers.The first book to integrate the social science literature on outdoor recreation, it reviews studies from this broad, interdisciplinary field and synthesizes them into a body of knowledge, providing an historical perspective on outdoor recreation research and developing its practical management implications.This third edition is completely revised to reflect current research and new concerns in the field. A new chapter examines the emerging issue of sense of place and its relationship to outdoor recreation. The book concludes with twenty principles to guide outdoor recreation management and research. An extensive bibliography and A Guide to the Social Science Literature in Outdoor Recreation lead readers to valuable primary source material.An essential resource for students, scholars, and professionals,Studies in Outdoor Recreationexplores the theoretical and methodological issues in outdoor recreation and describes the management implications of outdoor recreation research.

Author Biography

Robert E. Manning is Professor of Recreation Management in the Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources at the University of Vermont. He is also Director of the university's Park Studies Laboratory, which conducts a program of research on national parks, wilderness, and related areas. He is a Fellow in the Academy of Leisure Sciences, and was presented with the Social Science Achievement Award by the George Wright Society and the Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt Award for Excellence in Park and Recreation Research by the National Recreation and Park Association. He is the author of several books, including Parks and Carrying Capacity: Commons without Tragedy, and Parks and People: Managing Outdoor Recreation at Acadia National Park.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Editionp. xi
Search and Research for Satisfaction: An Introduction to Outdoor Recreation Research
Objectives of the Bookp. 1
Research in Outdoor Recreationp. 4
Search and Research for Satisfactionp. 11
Diversity in Outdoor Recreationp. 16
Quality in Outdoor Recreationp. 18
Summary and Conclusionsp. 19
Social Aspects of Outdoor Recreation: Use and Users
Recreation Use and Usersp. 22
Outdoor Recreation Activityp. 23
Use Distribution and Dynamicsp. 30
Social Correlates of Outdoor Recreationp. 33
Cultural Influences on Outdoor Recreationp. 39
Summary and Conclusionsp. 56
Descriptive Aspects of Outdoor Recreation: Attitudes, Preferences, Perceptions
Visitor Attitudes and Preferencesp. 59
Developed Areasp. 60
Backcountry and Wilderness Areasp. 63
Trade-offs Among Recreation Conditionsp. 71
Perceptions of Environmental Impactsp. 74
Visitor Versus Manager Perceptionsp. 76
Summary and Conclusionsp. 79
Carrying Capacity: Protecting Recreation Resources and the Visitor Experience
Origins of Carrying Capacityp. 81
Carrying Capacity and Recreationp. 82
Limits of Acceptable Changep. 84
Management Objectives and Indicators and Standards of Qualityp. 86
Carrying Capacity Frameworksp. 87
The Status of Carrying Capacityp. 93
Summary and Conclusionsp. 95
Crowding in Outdoor Recreation: Use Level, Perceived Crowding, and Visitor Satisfaction
Concern with Crowdingp. 98
Empirical Studies of Crowdingp. 99
The Satisfaction Modelp. 101
Testing the Satisfaction Modelp. 102
Expanding the Satisfaction Modelp. 105
Normative Definitions of Crowdingp. 116
Methodological Issuesp. 129
An Expanded Crowding Modelp. 134
Summary and Conclusionsp. 135
Indicators and Standards of Quality: A Normative Approach
A Normative Approachp. 137
Norm Theory and Methodsp. 138
Indicators of Qualityp. 139
Standards of Qualityp. 146
Theoretical and Methodological Issuesp. 150
Summary and Conclusionsp. 163
Motivations and Benefits in Outdoor Recreation: A Behavioral Approach
Early Explorationsp. 166
A Behavioral Approach to Recreationp. 167
Empirical Tests of the Behavioral Approachp. 169
Benefits-Based Managementp. 181
Conceptual and Methodological Issuesp. 186
Summary and Conclusionsp. 188
The Recreation Opportunity Spectrum: Designs for Diversity
Designs for Diversityp. 190
The Recreation Opportunity Spectrump. 192
Linking Activities, Settings, Motivations, and Benefitsp. 196
Extending the Opportunity Spectrump. 201
Summary and Conclusionsp. 204
Recreation Conflict: Goal Interference and Social Values
Conflict in Outdoor Recreationp. 206
Theoretical Modelsp. 208
Empirical Studies of Conflictp. 211
Measuring Conflictp. 215
An Expanded Conflict Modelp. 216
Managing Conflictp. 217
Summary and Conclusionsp. 218
Substitutability: Alternative Recreation Opportunities
The Concept of Substitutabilityp. 220
Activity Typesp. 221
Direct Measures of Substitutabilityp. 224
Theory and Methods of Substitutabilityp. 231
Summary and Conclusionsp. 235
Specialization in Recreation: Experience and Related Concepts
Recreation Experiencep. 237
Measures of Recreation Experiencep. 238
From Experience to Specializationp. 242
Theory and Methods of Specializationp. 248
Summary and Conclusionsp. 253
Outdoor Recreation Places: Emotional and Symbolic Meanings
An Alternative Approachp. 256
Measures of Place Attachment and Bondingp. 257
Theoretical Considerationsp. 262
Summary and Conclusionsp. 271
Managing Outdoor Recreation: Alternative Management Practices
Outdoor Recreation Managementp. 273
Alternative Management Practicesp. 279
Evaluating Management Practicesp. 279
Information and Educationp. 279
Use Rationing and Allocationp. 292
Other Recreation Management Practicesp. 306
Status and Trends in Recreation Managementp. 315
Summary and Conclusionsp. 319
Principles and Practices of Outdoor Recreation: Knowledge into Action
Knowledge into Actionp. 322
Principles of Outdoor Recreationp. 322
A Recreation Management Frameworkp. 328
Observations on Recreation Managementp. 335
Relating Research and Managementp. 337
Evolution of Researchp. 341
Summary and Conclusionsp. 342
Tables 6-1 and 6-2p. 345
Notes on Sources: A Guide to the Social Science Literature in Outdoor Recreationp. 382
Bibliographyp. 393
Indexp. 464
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