Swimming Upstream: Collaborative Approaches To Watershed Management

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-05-01
  • Publisher: MIT PRESS
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In recent years, water resource management in the United States has begun a shift away from top-down, government agency-directed decision processes toward a collaborative approach of negotiation and problem solving. Rather than focusing on specific pollution sources or specific areas within a watershed, this new process considers the watershed as a whole, seeking solutions to an interrelated set of social, economic, and environmental problems. Decision making involves face-to-face negotiations among a variety of stakeholders, including federal, state, and local agencies, landowners, environmentalists, industries, and researchers. Swimming Upstreamanalyzes the collaborative approach by providing a historical overview of watershed management in the United States and a normative and empirical conceptual framework for understanding and evaluating the process. The bulk of the book looks at a variety of collaborative watershed planning projects across the country. It first examines the applications of relatively short-term collaborative strategies in Oklahoma and Texas, exploring issues of trust and legitimacy. It then analyzes factors affecting the success of relatively long-term collaborative partnerships in the National Estuary Program and in 76 watersheds in Washington and California. Bringing analytical rigor to a field that has been dominated by practitioners' descriptive accounts, Swimming Upstreammakes a vital contribution to public policy, public administration, and environmental management.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword vii
Preface xi
Contributors xv
I Watershed Management Approaches in the United States 1(82)
1 Collaborative Approaches to Watershed Management
Paul A. Sabatier, Will Focht, Mark Lubell, Zev Trachtenberg, Arnold Vedlitz, and Marty Matlock
2 Eras of Water Management in the United States: Implications for Collaborative Watershed Approaches
Paul A. Sabatier, Chris Weible, and Jared Ficker
3 Legitimacy and Watershed Collaborations: The Role of Public Participation
Zev Trachtenberg and Will Focht
II Collaborative Engagement Processes in Watersheds 83(88)
4 A Trust-Based Guide to Stakeholder Participation
Will Focht and Zev Trachtenberg
5 Citizen Participation and Representation in Collaborative Engagement Processes
Charles D. Samuelson, Arnold Vedlitz, Guy D. Whitten, Marty Matlock, Letitia T. Alston, Tarla Rai Peterson, and Susan J. Gilbertz
III Measuring and Explaining the Success of Watershed Partnerships 171(88)
6 Theoretical Frameworks Explaining Partnership Success
Paul A. Sabatier, William D. Leach, Mark Lubell, and Neil W. Pelkey
7 Do Watershed Partnerships Enhance Beliefs Conducive to Collective Action?
Mark Lubell
8 Are Trust and Social Capital the Keys to Success? Watershed Partnerships in California and Washington
William D. Leach and Paul A. Sabatier
IV Conclusions 259(38)
9 Conclusions and Recommendations
Mark Lubell, Paul A. Sabatier, Arnold Vedlitz, Will Focht, Zev Trachtenberg, and Marty Matlock
References 297(22)
Index 319

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