Taking Sides : Clashing Views in Social Psychology

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-09-01
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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Taking Sidesvolumes present current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to stimulate student interest and develop critical thinking skills. Each issue is thoughtfully framed with an issue summary, an issue introduction, and a postscript or challenge questions.Taking Sidesreaders feature an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites. An online Instructor´┐Żs Resource Guide with testing material is available for each volume.Using Taking Sides in the Classroomis also an excellent instructor resource.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Correlation Guidep. xvii
Introductionp. xix
General Issues in Social Psychologyp. 1
Is Deception of Human Participants Ethical?p. 2
YES: Alan C. Elms, from "Keeping Deception Honest: Justifying Conditions for Social Scientific Research Stratagems," in T. L. Beauchamp, R. R. Faden, R. J. Wallace, & L. Walters, eds., Ethical Issues in Social Science Research (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982)p. 4
NO: Diana Baumrind, from "Research Using Intentional Deception," American Psychologist (vol. 40, 1985)p. 15
Should Social Psychologists Try to Solve Social Problems?p. 28
YES: Arthur Aron and Elaine Aron, from "Chutzpah: Social Psychology Takes on the Big Issues," The Heart of Social Psychology (Lexington Books, 1989)p. 30
NO: David Kipnis, from "Accounting for the Use of Behavior Technologies in Social Psychology," American Psychology (vol. 49, 1994)p. 38
Can Experimental Social Psychology and Social Constructionism Coexist?p. 50
YES: John T. Jost and Arie Kruglanski, from "The Estrangement of Social Constructionism and Experimental Social Psychology: History of the Rift and the Prospects for Reconciliation," Personality and Social Psychology Review (August 2002)p. 52
NO: Jonathan Potter, from "Experimenting with Reconciliation: A Comment on Jost and Kruglanski," Personality and Social Psychology Review (August 2002)p. 71
Social Cognitionp. 77
Are Our Social Perceptions Often Inaccurate?p. 78
YES: Lee Ross and Richard E. Nisbett, from The Person and the Situation: Perspectives of Social Psychology (McGraw-Hill, 1991)p. 80
NO: David C. Funder, from "Errors and Mistakes: Evaluating the Accuracy of Social Judgment," Psychological Bulletin (vol. 101, 1987)p. 87
Does Cognitive Dissonance Explain Why Behavior Can Change Attitudes?p. 100
YES: Leon Festinger and James M. Carlsmith, from "Cognitive Consequences of Forced Compliance," The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology (vol. 58, 1959)p. 102
NO: Daryl J. Bem, from "Self-Perception: An Alternative Interpretation of Cognitive Dissonance Phenomena," Psychological Review (May 1967)p. 112
Are Self-Esteem Programs Misguided?p. 118
YES: Roy F. Baumeister, from "Should Schools Try to Boost Self-Esteem?" American Educator (Summer 1996)p. 120
NO: William Swan Jr., Christine Chang-Schneider, and Katie Larsen McClarty, from "Do People's Self-Views Matter? Self-Concept and Self-Esteem in Everyday Life," American Psychologist (February/March 2007)p. 131
Can People Accurately Detect Lies?p. 148
YES: Paul Ekman, Maureen O'Sullivan, & Mark G. Frank, from "A Few Can Catch a Liar," Psychological Science (May 1999)p. 150
NO: Bella DePaulo, "Spotting Lies: Can Humans Learn to Do Better," from Current Directions in Psychological Science (June 1994)p. 156
Are Repressed Memories Real?p. 163
YES: Richard P. Kluft, from "The Argument for the Reality of Delayed Recall of Trauma," in Paul S. Applebaum, Lisa A. Uyehara, and Mark R. Elin, eds., Trauma and Memory: Clinical and Legal Controversies (Oxford University Press, 1997)p. 165
NO: Elizabeth F. Loftus, from "Creating False Memories," Scientific American (September 1997)p. 174
Do Positive Illusions Lead to Healthy Behavior?p. 182
YES: Shelley E. Taylor and Jonathon D. Brown, from "Illusion and Well-Being: A Social Psychological Perspective on Mental Health," Psychological Bulletin (March 1988)p. 184
NO: C. Randall Colvin, Jack Block, and David C. Funder, from "Overly Positive Self-Evaluations and Personality: Negative Implications for Mental Health," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (June 1995)p. 199
Social Influencep. 207
Do Milgram's Obedience Experiments Help Explain the Nature of the Holocaust?p. 208
YES: John P. Sabini and Maury Silver, in Survivors, Victims and Perpetrators: Essays on the Nazi Holocaust (Hemisphere Publishing, 1980)p. 210
NO: Florence R. Miale and Michael Selzer, from The Nuremberg Mind (Quadrangle/New York Times Book Company, 1975)p. 220
Does the Stanford Prison Experiment Help Explain the Effects of Imprisonment?p. 228
YES: Craig Haney and Philip Zimbardo, from "The Past and Future of U.S. Prison Policy: Twenty-Five Years after the Stanford Prison Experiment," American Psychologist (July 1998)p. 230
NO: David T. Lykken, from "Psychology and the Criminal Justice System: A Reply to Haney and Zimbardo," The General Psychologist (Spring 2000)p. 245
Is Subliminal Persuasion a Myth?p. 254
YES: Anthony R. Pratkanis, from "The Cargo-Cult Science of Subliminal Persuasion," Skeptical Inquirer (vol. 16, 1992)p. 256
NO: Nicholas Epley, Kenneth Savitsky, and Robert A. Kachelski, from "What Every Skeptic Should Know about Subliminal Persuasion," Skeptical Inquirer (vol. 23, 1999)p. 268
Can People Really Be Brainwashed?p. 281
YES: Trudy Solomon, from "Programming and Deprogramming the Moonies: Social Psychology Applied," The Brainwashing/Deprogramming Controversy (Edwin Mellen Press, 1983)p. 283
NO: James T. Richardson, from "A Social Psychological Critique of 'Brainwashing' Claims about Recruitment to New Religions," The Handbook of Cults and Sects in America (JAI Press, 1993)p. 292
International Society for Research on Aggressionp. 307
Is Stereotyping Inevitable?p. 308
YES: Patricia G. Devine, from "Stereotypes and Prejudice: Their Automatic and Controlled Components," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (January 1989)p. 310
NO: Lorella Lepore and Rupert Brown, from "Category and Stereotype Activation: Is Prejudice Inevitable?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (February 1997)p. 325
Does the Implicit Association Test (IAT) Measure Racial Prejudice?p. 340
YES: Shankar Vedantam, from "See No Bias," The Washington Post (January 23, 2005).p. 342
NO: Amy Wax and Philip E. Tetlock, from "We Are All Racists At Heart," The Wall Street Journal (December 1, 2005)p. 349
Can Stereotypes Lead to Accurate Perceptions of Others?p. 352
YES: Lee J. Jussim, Clark R. McCauley, and Yueh-Ting Lee, from "Why Study Stereotype Accuracy and Inaccuracy?" Stereotype Accuracy: Toward Appreciating Group Differences (APA, 1995)p. 354
NO: Charles Stangor, from "Content and Application Inaccuracy in Social Stereotyping," Stereotype Accuracy: Toward Appreciating Group Differences (APA, 1995)p. 365
Does True Altruism Exist?p. 376
YES: C. Daniel Batson, Bruce D. Duncan, Paula Ackerman, Terese Buckley, and Kimberly Birch, from "Is Empathic Emotion a Source of Altruistic Motivation?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (February 1981)p. 378
NO: Robert B. Cialdini, Mark Schaller, Donald Houlihan, Kevin Arps, Jim Fultz, and Arthur L. Beaman, from "Empathy-Based Helping: Is It Selflessly or Selfishly Motivated?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (April 1987)p. 389
Does Media Violence Cause Aggression?p. 400
YES: Brad J. Bushman and Craig A. Anderson, from "Media Violence and the American Public: Scientific Facts Versus Media Misinformation," American Psychologist (June/July 2001)p. 402
NO: Jonathan L. Freedman, from Media Violence and Aggression (University of Toronto Press, 2002)p. 417
Contributorsp. 427
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