Technology and Society

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-01-30
  • Publisher: Pearson

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The accomplishments of the 20th century are revolutionizing science and technology in the 21st century. In the last decade alone the global society has experienced an explosion of knowledge in science, engineering, medicine, and technology. As a result, the world seems to be reinventing itself faster than ever. It took the Industrial Revolution two hundred years to make the world, but it took the Electronic Revolution only seventy years to remake it. With the speed of technological change seen so far in the 21st century, from biotechnology to nanotechnology, the reinvention process may even be faster still. The changes brought about by technology will lead to a significant impact on society. The stakeholders, policy shapers, and decision makers of the future need to be educated about the social implications of technology so that they can guide society to the appropriate uses of technology, alert society to technological failures, and provide a vision to society in helping to solve societal problems in a wise and humane manner.

Table of Contents

History of Technologyp. 2
Introductionp. 3
The Great Leap Forwardp. 15
"George"p. 25
"The New George"p. 27
Sticks and Stones May Break My Bones...But Bronze and Iron Can Create a Civilizationp. 29
The History of Energyp. 31
The History of Exologyp. 33
The History of Climatologyp. 35
The History of Ethicsp. 37
Conclusionp. 39
Internet Exercisep. 39
Ethics and Technologyp. 42
Introductionp. 43
Ethicsp. 45
The Relationship Between Ethics and Technologyp. 63
The Unanticipated Consequences of Technologyp. 70
The Future of Food: An Introduction to the Ethical Issues in Genetically Modified Foodsp. 80
Whistle-Blowingp. 84
Roger Boisjoly, Chief Engineer at Morton Thiokolp. 86
Nuclear Warriorsp. 88
Scenariosp. 98
Conclusionp. 100
Internet Exercisesp. 100
Energyp. 102
Introductionp. 103
Fossil Fuel Fundamentalsp. 112
Energy for a New Centuryp. 128
The Immortal Wastep. 130
Oil and Blood: The Way to Take Over the Worldp. 142
Fuel Cells and the Hydrogen Economyp. 146
The Hydrogen Experimentp. 152
Biomass Energyp. 161
Solar Energyp. 165
Wind Powerp. 171
Hydroelectric Powerp. 176
The Electric Car Arrives-Againp. 183
Chernobylp. 193
Tasman Spirit Oil Spillp. 198
Scenariosp. 203
Conclusionp. 205
Internet Exercisesp. 206
Ecologyp. 216
Introductionp. 217
The Grim Payback of Greedp. 237
Climate Changep. 244
The Kyoto Protocolp. 260
Young at Risk: Dioxins and Other Hazardous Chemicalsp. 267
Fisheries Exploiting the Ocean-What Will Be Left?p. 280
What Will Happen to the Endangered Species Act?p. 288
Air Poisons Around the Worldp. 295
Rain Forests May Offer New Miracle Drugsp. 305
Buried Displeasure: Love Canal and One Person Who Made a Differencep. 310
Europe's Black Triangle Turns Greenp. 314
Scenariosp. 321
Conclusionp. 328
Internet Exercisep. 329
Populationp. 332
Introductionp. 333
Interpreting the Current Population Datap. 354
Putting the Bite on Planet Earthp. 370
Can the Growing Human Population Feed Itself?p. 377
A Ten-Year Progress Report of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo: 1994-2004p. 382
World Birth Control Discussion Issuesp. 390
Fertility Rates: The Decline Is Stallingp. 398
The Hazards of Youthp. 404
Earth's Carrying Capacity: Not Quite So Easy When Applied to Humansp. 408
Probably One: A Generation Comes of Age Under China's One-Child Policyp. 413
Japan's Unpopular Pill-An Unrealized Battle Victoryp. 417
Scenariosp. 419
Conclusionp. 421
Internet Exercisesp. 422
War, Politics and Technologyp. 426
Introductionp. 427
More War in a Moment, But First, a Word from Our Sponsorsp. 430
Tanks: The Evolution of Mechanized Warfarep. 432
Extreme Makeover: The New U.S. Army: Leaner, But Meaner?p. 435
The F-22: The Plane Even Congress Couldn't Shoot Downp. 437
The Human Face of Warp. 440
Agent Orangep. 443
The M-16 Riflep. 446
Scenariosp. 449
Conclusionp. 450
Internet Exercisesp. 451
Health and Technologyp. 452
Introductionp. 453
Antibiotic Resistancep. 455
Making Well People "Better"p. 458
The Politics of Life and Death: Global Response to HIV and AIDSp. 464
Telemedicine: The Health System of Tomorrowp. 472
Nadeemp. 474
Edp. 478
Scenariosp. 482
Conclusionp. 483
Internet Exercisesp. 484
Technology and the Third Worldp. 486
Introductionp. 488
One Planet: Many Worldsp. 490
Income Gap Widensp. 528
Poisoned Waters: Bangladesh Desperately Seeking Solutionsp. 533
China's Challenge to the United States and to the Earthp. 537
N30 WTO Showdownp. 549
Pakistan: Karachi's Informal "Recycling Network"p. 559
The Digital Divide in Ecuadorp. 563
Applications of Telecommunications Technologies in Distance Learningp. 566
Remember Rwanda?p. 579
Nam Theun Dam: The World Bank's Watershed Decisionp. 585
Sri Lanka: Technology and Agriculture, Tractor Versus Buffalop. 588
The Asian Tsunami and Beyondp. 591
Scenariosp. 594
Conclusionp. 598
Internet Exercisesp. 599
Technology of the Futurep. 606
Introductionp. 607
Creating the Futurep. 610
Predictions: Technology of the New Century and the New Millenniump. 622
New Horizons of Information Technologyp. 629
The Amazing Brainp. 635
In the Year 2025p. 640
Why the Future Doesn't Need Usp. 643
Global Population Reduction: Confronting the Inevitablep. 658
Emerging Technologies: New Demands for Students and Facultyp. 661
The Development and Progress of the Ambitious UN 2000 Millennium Projectp. 668
Scenariosp. 679
Conclusionp. 682
Internet Exercisesp. 684
Authors' Commentariesp. 687
Indexp. 693
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