Terrorism and Counterterrorism : Understanding Threats and Responses in the Post 9/11 World

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
About the Authorp. xvii
Introduction: The Terrorist Threatp. 1
Terrorism Trends Over the Last Three Decadesp. 5
Terrorismp. 15
The Perennial Debate: What Is Terrorism?p. 17
The Meaning of Terrorism Over Timep. 20
Is Terrorism Ever Justified?p. 27
State Terror(ism) and State-Sponsored Terrorismp. 29
State Sponsors of Terrorismp. 30
The Meaning of Terrorism in This Volumep. 31
Terrorism in the Global Contextp. 34
Different Types of Groupsp. 36
The Roots of Modern Terrorismp. 36
The Post-World War II Wavep. 38
1968: The Advent of Modern-Day Terrorismp. 40
IRA and ETA: Groups That Transcend the Average Life Span of Terrorist Groupsp. 41
The Decline of Left-Wing Terrorismp. 42
The Rise of Catastrophic Terrorismp. 43
Terrorism in the American Contextp. 53
Right-Wing Terrorismp. 53
The Surge of the Black Supremacist Movementp. 61
Left-Wing Terrorismp. 62
Single-Issue Terrorismp. 67
After Left-Wing and Right-Wing Waves: What Next?p. 71
Religious Terrorism: Political Violence in the Name of Godp. 76
Defending the Faith in "Cosmic Wars"p. 81
The Proliferation of Religious Violencep. 82
Alienation, Humiliation, and Fearp. 83
The Jihadi Movement and Political Violencep. 85
The Making of Terrorists: Causes, Conditions, Influencesp. 95
Terrorism as a Result of Rational Choicep. 99
Terrorism as a Result of Personal Traitsp. 100
Terrorism as a Result of Social Interactionp. 101
Gender and Terrorismp. 102
The Lack of a Universal Terrorist Profilep. 109
The Stages Leading to Terrorismp. 109
The Roots of Terrorism: No Simple Answersp. 111
From State Sponsors to Involuntary Hostsp. 115
Former and Current State Sponsorsp. 120
The Case of Saudi Arabiap. 123
When Governments Reconsider Their Support for Terrorismp. 125
Failed and Failing States and "Brown Areas"p. 125
Involuntary Host Countriesp. 126
Common Thread: Goals, Targets, Tacticsp. 129
Do Terrorists Achieve Their Goals?p. 130
The Selection of Targetsp. 131
Terrorists Methods: From Primitive Bombs to WMDp. 133
Organizational Structures and the Financing of Terrorp. 153
When Terrorist Groups Decline or Endp. 162
Financing Terrorismp. 161
Narco-Terrorism or Narco-Funded Terrorism?p. 164
Counterterrorismp. 167
Terrorism and America's Post-9/11 National Security Strategyp. 169
Terrorism and America's Post-9/11 Security Strategyp. 174
End of the Post-9/11 National Security Strategy?p. 177
The Utility of Hard and Soft Power in Counterterrorismp. 182
Military Hard Powersp. 185
Non-Military Hard Power: Economic Sanctionsp. 193
Soft Power and Counterterrorismp. 194
Balancing Security, Liberty, and Human Rightsp. 205
The Rights of "Enemy Combatants"p. 213
Torture: Leaders and Followersp. 216
Torture: The Public Debatep. 223
Homeland Security: Preparedness and Preventionp. 228
Post-9/11 Reorganization of Homeland Securityp. 231
General and Specific Homeland Security Strategiesp. 236
It's the Intelligence, Stupidp. 237
Reorganization of the Intelligence Communityp. 241
International Cooperationp. 244
Congress Resists Changep. 245
The Media and the Publicp. 249
Terrorist Propaganda and the Mediap. 251
Publicity: The Universal Terrorist Goalp. 253
An Alternative View: Contemporary Terrorists Do Not Need Publicityp. 256
Terrorism and the Triangle of Communicationp. 257
Media-Related Goalsp. 258
The Attention-Getting Goalp. 258
The Recognition Goalp. 260
The Respectability/Legitimacy Goalp. 262
Bedfellows in a Marriage of Conveniencep. 263
Terrorism and the Global Mediap. 264
Defending the Mediap. 265
Treason or Public Service?p. 266
Terror and Hate in Cyberspacep. 269
Terrorists and the Newest Communications technologiesp. 271
Propaganda and Hero Worshipp. 273
The Internet as a Tool to Plan Terrorist Operationsp. 278
Shocking Display of Digital Terrorismp. 279
Devastating Cyberterrorismp. 281
The Web and the Retrieval of Valuable Informationp. 282
Online Recruitmentp. 282
Fund-Raising via the Netp. 283
Anti- and Counterterrorism in the Newsp. 285
A Model for Public Deliberationp. 288
The Media and Military Responses to Terrorismp. 290
The Iraq War: Different News Coverage Abroadp. 296
Conclusion: Living with Terrorist Threatsp. 299
Appendix: Major Terrorist Incidents Since the Early 1970sp. 304
Bibliographyp. 320
Indexp. 327
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