Textbook of Children's Environmental Health

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-12-13
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Over the past four decades, the prevalence of autism, asthma, ADHD, obesity, diabetes, and birth defects have grown substantially among children around the world. Not coincidentally, more than 80,000 new chemicals have been developed and released into the global environment during this same period. Today the World Health Organization attributes 36% of all childhood deaths to environmental causes.

Children's environmental health is a new and expanding discipline that studies the profound impact of chemical and environmental hazards on child health. Amid mounting evidence that children are exquisitely sensitive to their environment-and that exposure during their developmental "windows of susceptibility" can trigger cellular changes that lead to disease and disability in infancy, childhood, and across the life span-there is a compelling need for continued scientific study of the relationship between children's health and environment.

The Textbook of Children's Environmental Health codifies the knowledge base and offers an authoritative and comprehensive guide to this important new field. Edited by two internationally recognized pioneers in the area, this volume presents up-to-date information on the chemical, biological, physical, and societal hazards that confront children in today's world: pesticides, indoor and outdoor air pollution, lead, arsenic, phthalates, bisphenol A, brominated flame retardants, ionizing radiation, electromagnetic fields, and the built environment. It presents carefully documented data on rising rates of disease in children, offers a critical summary of new research linking pediatric disease with environmental exposures, and explores the cellular, molecular, and epigenetic mechanisms underlying diseases of environmental origin.

With this volume's emphasis upon integrating theory and practice, readers will find practical approaches to channeling scientific findings into evidence-based strategies for preventing and identifying the environmental hazards that cause disease in children. It is a landmark work that will serve as the field's benchmark for years to come.

Author Biography

Philip J. Landrigan, MD, MSc, is a pediatrician, epidemiologist, and internationally recognized pioneer in children's environmental health. His studies of childhood lead poisoning catalyzed the removal of lead from gasoline -- an action that reduced childhood lead poisoning by 95% and has raised the IQ of children around the world. His studies on children's vulnerability to pesticides triggered passage of the Food Quality Protection Act, the only US environmental law with explicit standards protecting the health of children. He has been a leader in the US National Children's Study. He has consulted to the World Health Organization, published seven books, and written over 600 scientific articles.

Ruth A. Etzel, MD, PhD, is an internationally recognized pediatrician, environmental epidemiologist, and preventive medicine specialist. She performed the first study to document that children with secondhand exposure to tobacco smoke had measurable exposure to nicotine. Her pioneering work led to nationwide efforts to reduce indoor exposures to tobacco, including the ban on smoking in US airliners. She also produced the first research to show that exposures to toxigenic molds in the home could be dangerous to infants' health. From 2009-2012 she led the World Health Organization's activities to protect children from environmental hazards. She is the editor of Pediatric Environmental Health, a handbook for doctors who care for children.

Table of Contents

Introductory/Overview Chapters

1. Children's Environmental Health - A New Branch of Pediatrics
Philip J. Landrigan and Ruth A. Etzel

2. Children's Exquisite Vulnerability to Environmental Exposures
Ruth A. Etzel and Philip J. Landrigan

3. The Chemical Environment and Children's Health
Philip J. Landrigan and Ruth A. Etzel

4. Intrauterine Nutrition and Children's Health
Robert H. Lane, Lisa Joss-Moore, Ryann Bierer, and Laurie J. Moyer-Mileur

5. Social and Behavioral Influences on Child Health and Development
Rosalind J. Wright

6. Epidemiology - A Tool for Studying Environmental Influences on Children's Health
Dean Baker

7. Exposure Science to Protect Children's Health
Paul J. Lioy and Clifford P. Weisel

8. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Children's Environmental Health
Panos G. Georgopoulos and Paul J. Lioy

9. Developmental Toxicology and Children's Environmental Health
Edward D. Levin

10. Genetics, Epigenetics and Children's Environmental Health
Robert O. Wright

11. Economics and Children's Environmental Health
Philip J. Landrigan

12. The Global Dimension of Children's Environmental Health
Ruth A. Etzel


13. The Intrauterine Environment and Early Infancy
Ami Zota, Dylan Atchley, and Tracey Woodruff

14. The Home Environment
Johnna S. Murphy and Megan Sandel

15. The School/Child Care Environment
Mana Mann and Maida Galvez

16. The Shape of the Built Environment Shapes Children's Health
Richard J. Jackson and Ashley Kissinger

17. The Play Environment
James Roberts, James T. McElligott, and Kristina Kay Gustafson

18. The Benefits of the Green Environment
William Crain and Ellen F. Crain

19. The Farm Environment
James A. Merchant and Diane S. Rohlman

20. Workplace Safety for Young Workers
Carol W. Runyan, Michael D. Schulman, and Lawrence E. Scholl

21. The Changing Global Environment and Children's Health
Perry E. Sheffield and Kristie L. Ebi

Environmental Hazards

22. Outdoor Air Pollution
Douglas W. Dockery

23. Indoor Air Pollution
Archana Patel

24. Tobacco Smoke. Active and Passive
Jonathan M. Samet

25. Water Pollution
Tim Ford and Steve Hamner

26. Sanitation and Hygiene
Ruth A. Etzel

27. Hazardous Waste and Toxic Hotspots
Richard Fuller

28. Lead
Bruce Lanphear

29. Mercury
Philippe Grandjean

30. Arsenic
Fen Wu, Faruque Parvez, Joseph H. Graziano, and Yu Chen

31. Other Metals
Roberto Lucchini and Chiara Benedetti

32. Pesticides
Catherine J. Karr and Virginia A. Rauh

33. PCBs, Dioxins, Furans, DDT, Polybrominated Compounds, Polyfluorinated Compounds and other Halogenated Hydrocarbons
Philip J. Landrigan

34. Volatile Organic Chemicals
Dana Boyd Barr, P. Barry Ryan, and Brian Buckley

35. Endocrine Disruptors
Annemarie Stroustrup and Shanna H. Swan

36. Chemical Obesogens and Obesity
Michele La Merrill, Kyla Taylor, Kristina A. Thayer, and Linda S. Birnbaum

37. Environmental Carcinogens and Childhood Cancer
Irena Buka and Alvaro Osornio

38. Mold
Dorr G. Dearborn

39. Physical Hazards
Sophie J Balk

40. Ionizing Radiation
David Hoel

41. Electromagnetic Fields
Kurt Straiff, Robert Baan, and Neela Guha

The Environment and Disease in Children

42. Prematurity, Low Birth Weight and the Environment
Shiv Kapoor and Cynthia F. Bearer

43. Asthma, Allergy and the Environment
Peter D. Sly

44. Neurodevelopmental Disorders and the Environment
David C. Bellinger

45. Birth Defects and the Environment
Christina Chambers

46. Obesity, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease and the Environment
Nikki Mihalopoulos

47. Liver Disease in Children and the Environment
Frederick J. Suchy

48. Kidney Disease in Children and the Environment
Virginia M. Weaver

49. Injuries, Trauma and the Enviroenment
Catherine J. Vladutiu and Renee M. Johnson

50. Acute Pediatric Poisoning
Jennifer Lowry

Prevention and Control of Diseases of Environmental Origin in Children

51. The Environmental History & Examination. The Key to Diagnosis of Environmental Diseases
Jerome A. Paulson and Lauren Gordon

52. Clinical Practice of Environmental Pediatrics around the World
Amalia Laborde

53. Public Policy on Children's Environmental Health in the United States
Lynn Goldman and Philip J. Landrigan

54. Public Policy on Children's Environmental Health in the Europe
Genon K. Jensen and Diana G. Smith

55. Public Policy on Children's Environmental Health in Asia
Eunhee Ha

56. Global Treaties and Children's Environmental Health
Roberto Bertollini

57. The Impact of Poverty, Disparity and Injustice on Children's Environmental Health
Luz Claudio

58. War, Terrorism, and Children's Health
Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

59. Natural Disasters, Environmental Emergencies and Children's Health
Henry Falk

60. New Frontiers in Children's Environmental Health
Philip J. Landrigan and Ruth A. Etzel

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