Theories of Development, Second Edition Contentions, Arguments, Alternatives

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-02-24
  • Publisher: The Guilford Press
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Widely adopted, this unique text critically evaluates the leading theories of international economic development, from classical economic and sociological models to Marxist, poststructuralist, and feminist perspectives. No other book provides such comprehensive coverage or links the theories as incisively to contemporary world events and policy debates. Reexamining neoliberal conceptions of economic growth, the authors show what a more just and democratic form of development might look like today. New to This Edition: Revised to reflect evolving global economic realities Updated with the latest concepts and empirical data Additional chapter on classical and neoclassical economics Increased coverage of real-world policy issues Now more accessible to undergraduates.

Author Biography

Richard Peet is Professor of Geography at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts, where he was a founding member of the "radical geography movement" and a long-time editor of Antipode: A Radical Journal of Geography. His interests include development, global policy regimes, power, theory and philosophy, political ecology, and the causes of financial crises. The author of numerous articles, book reviews, and books, Dr. Peet is editor of a new radical journal, Human Geography.


Elaine Hartwick is Associate Professor of Geography at Framingham State College in Framingham, Massachusetts, where she teaches courses in political, cultural, and regional geography and global development. She has published on a variety of topics, including commodity chains, consumer politics, social theory, and development geography, with a regional specialization in Southern Africa.

Table of Contents

Developmentp. 1
The Geography of Developmentp. 4
Measuring Growth and Developmentp. 6
Criticisms of Development Measuresp. 10
The Face of Povertyp. 12
Contentions over Developmentp. 13
Conventional Theories of Developmentp. 21
Classical and Neoclassical Economicsp. 23
Enlightenment Origins of Political Economyp. 24
The British Enlightenmentp. 26
The Classical Economistsp. 29
Adam Smith: Beginningsp. 30
Utilitarianismp. 33
Ricardian Calculationsp. 35
Mill's Ethical Economicsp. 37
List's Skepticismp. 40
Critique of Classical Economicsp. 41
Neoclassical Economicsp. 45
Critique of Neoclassical Economicsp. 48
From Keynesian Economics to Neoliberalismp. 53
Dynamic Analysisp. 53
Keynesian Economicsp. 56
Keynesianism and Social Democracyp. 57
The Developmental Statep. 63
Structuralism and Import Substitutionp. 64
Development Economics: Balanced and Unbalanced Growthp. 68
The Counterrevolution in Development Economicsp. 74
Crisis in Keynesian Economicsp. 76
Neoliberalismp. 78
Neoliberalism in Economic Policyp. 84
World Bank Policyp. 87
Benevolent Consensusp. 91
Millennium Development Goalsp. 94
Debt Reliefp. 97
Critique of Neoliberal Developmentp. 98
Development as Modernizationp. 103
Naturalismp. 104
Rationalismp. 107
Civilized Developmentp. 110
Structural Functionalismp. 113
The Parsonian Synthesisp. 116
Critique of Structural Functionalismp. 119
Sociological Modernization Theoryp. 121
Economic Modernization Theoryp. 123
Psychocultural Theories of Modernizationp. 124
Historical Stages of Growthp. 126
Modernization Surfacesp. 129
Critique of the Modernization Approachp. 131
Return of Modernizationp. 134
Critique of Sachsp. 137
Critique of Modernizationp. 139
Nonconventional, Critical Theories of Developmentp. 141
Marxism, Socialism, and Developmentp. 143
Idealism and Materialismp. 143
Dialecticsp. 146
Production as the Transformation of Naturep. 147
Production as Social Relationsp. 148
Capitalp. 149
Mode of Productionp. 154
Development as Social Transformationp. 156
Structural Marxismp. 159
Imperialismp. 161
Dependency Theoryp. 166
World Systems Theoryp. 172
Regulation Theoryp. 175
Criticisms of Marxist and Neo-Marxist Theoriesp. 181
Socialist Development in the USSRp. 186
Cubap. 189
Venezuelap. 192
Conclusion: Development in Contentionp. 195
Poststructuralism, Postcolonialism, and Postdevelopmentalismp. 197
The Enlightenment and Its Criticsp. 199
Post-Enlightenment Criticismsp. 202
Power-Truth-Knowledgep. 204
Postcolonialismp. 208
Intellectual Dependency Theoryp. 212
Rethinking Developmentp. 214
The Poststructural Turn in Development Studiesp. 218
Encountering Developmentp. 221
Postdevelopmentalismp. 227
Conclusion: Countercritiquep. 230
Feminist Theories of Developmentp. 240
Feminist Epistemologyp. 243
Feminist Criticisms of Development Theoryp. 250
Women, Development, Theoryp. 252
Women in Developmentp. 254
Women and Developmentp. 259
Gender and Developmentp. 267
Women, Environment, and Developmentp. 269
Postmodernism and Developmentp. 271
Critique: A Failure of Nerve?p. 272
Critical Modernismp. 275
Critical Modernism and Democratic Developmentp. 277
Alternativesp. 278
Critical Modernismp. 280
Democratic Developmentp. 282
Ethicsp. 285
Social Movementsp. 286
Linkagesp. 287
Radical Democracyp. 288
Referencesp. 292
Indexp. 314
About the Authorsp. 324
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