Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-04-13
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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This concise, accessible text emphasizes doing ethical analysis and thinking critically about ethical issues, rather than focusing on ethical theory or the history of ethics. Ruggiero's readers are invited to apply ethical principles to issues that exemplify the kinds of moral challenges encountered in everyday life. It engages students' minds, stimulates enthusiasm, and makes teaching more effective and rewarding.

Table of Contents

The Context
The Need For Ethics
Why do we need ethics if we have laws?
Ethics defined Ethics and religious belief The need for ethics Preliminary guidelines Doing research on the Internet Making discussion meaningful Sample responses Inquiries
The Role Of The Majority View
A sample situation The majority can err Sample response Inquiries
The Role Of Feelings
How feelings came to be emphasized Are feelings reliable?
A better guide is needed Sample response Inquiries
The Role Of Conscience
Conscience and shame Individual differences The shapers of conscience Natural endowment Social conditioning Moral choice A balanced view of conscience Sample response Inquiries
Comparing Cultures
Differences among cultures Interpreting the differences The similarity of values Is judgment appropriate? Three important cautions Inquiries
A Strategy
A Foundation For Judgment
Assessing ought statements Oughts in ancient cultures Governmental oughts Organizational oughts Our own everyday oughts The principle of right desire The principle of contradiction Challenges to judgment Relativism Absolutism Inquiries
The Basic Criteria
A fundamental good: respect for persons Three basic criteria Obligations Moral ideals Consequences Analyzing ethical issues Step
Study the details of the case
Identify the relevant criteria
Determine possible courses of action
Decide which action is most ethical The case of Professor Woebegone
The details of the case
Relevant criteria
Possible courses of action
The most ethical action The case of Horace’s house
The details of the case
Relevant criteria
Possible courses of action
The most ethical action A caution about generalizing Avoiding other errors “Mine is better” thinking Double standard Unwarranted assumptions Oversimplifications Hasty conclusions Inquiries
Considering Obligations
When obligations conflict Weighing the obligations Two moral dilemmas The Alabama syphilis case Thoroughness is important Inquiries
Considering Moral Ideals
Important moral ideals Prudence Justice Temperance Courage Loving kindness Integrity Forgiveness Repentance Reparation Gratitude Beneficence Ideals in conflict The Munich incident The issue of affirmative action Ideals versus obligations Inquiries
Considering Consequences
Dealing with probability Making the analysis thorough Three difficult questions A caution Dealing with dilemmas Inquiries
Determining Moral Responsibility
How free are our choices? When culpability is diminished Ethics and law More typical cases Heroism not required Inquiries
The Tradition
A Perspective On History
The classical period The medieval period The modern period The ethics of duty The ethics of consequences Great issues in ethics Inquiries
Contemporary Ethical Controversies
Education Media and the arts Sex Government Law Business Medicine Science War
Suggestion For Further Study
Writing About Moral Issues
Avoiding Plagiarism
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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