Thinking Musically Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture

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  • Format: Package
  • Copyright: 2003-09-18
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Thinking Musically is the central volume in the Global Music Series. Designed for undergraduates and general readers with little or no background in music, it incorporates music from many diverse cultures--including the Americas, Asia, Africa, Oceania, and Europe--and establishes the framework for exploring the practice of music around the world. It sets the stage for an array of case study volumes, each of which focuses on a single area of the world. Each case study uses the contemporary musical situation as a point of departure--covering historical information and traditions as they relate to the present--and comes with an audio CD of musical examples discussed in the text. The case studies can be used in any combination with Thinking Musically to provide a rich exploration of world musical cultures. Visit www.oup.com/us/globalmusic for a list of case studies in the series. The website also includes instructional materials to accompany each study. Thinking Musically discusses the importance of musical instruments, describing their significance in a culture's folklore, religion, and history. It explores fundamental elements of music--including rhythm, pitch in melodic and harmonic relationships, and form--and examines how they vary in different musical traditions. The text considers the effects of cultural influences such as gender and ethnicity on the perception, interpretation, and performance of music. It also looks at how the forces of nationalism, acculturation, and westernization can affect musical traditions. Many of the musical examples are coordinated with material in the case studies. Thinking Musically includes activities designed to build critical listening and individual study skills and is packaged with an 80-minute CD that features selections from a wide variety of musical cultures. Also available: Thinking Musically and Teaching Music Globally Package (2 books + CD; ISBN 0-19-517143-8) Thinking Musically is also available in a package with Teaching Music Globally, by Patricia Shehan Campbell, a second framing volume in the Global Music Series. Essential for anyone teaching beginning students about the world's musical cultures, Teaching Music Globally describes pedagogical techniques for classes from K-12 to university level and offers a wealth of learning experiences.

Author Biography

Bonnie C. Wade is Professor of Music and the Jerry and Evelyn Hemmings Chambers Chair in Music at the University of California, Berkeley. She has served as President of the Society of Ethnomusicology.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
CD Track Listp. xvii
Thinking about Musicp. 1
Peoplep. 1
Music Makersp. 1
Listenersp. 2
Musicp. 3
In Terms of Soundp. 3
Calling Something "Music"p. 3
Musical Valuesp. 6
Meaningp. 10
Music and Textual Meaningp. 10
Music as Textp. 14
Usep. 15
Transmissionp. 16
Oral and Aural Transmisionp. 17
Written Transmissionp. 19
Thinking about Instrumentsp. 27
Instruments as Objectsp. 28
Ideas about Types of Instrumentsp. 28
Ideas about Particular Instrumentsp. 38
Spiritual Associationsp. 38
Associations of Gender and Sexualityp. 39
Cultural Statusp. 40
Aesthetic Valuep. 41
Item of Technologyp. 42
Timbre and Aesthetics of Soundp. 43
Instruments in Musicp. 46
Instrumental Capacityp. 46
Ideas about Ensemblep. 49
Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Sound Idealsp. 49
Musical Rolesp. 53
Thinking about Timep. 56
Rhythmp. 57
Pulsep. 57
Irregular Durationsp. 58
Rhythm for the Text Alonep. 59
Organizing Time into Unitsp. 59
Duple and Triple Metersp. 59
Simple and Compound Metersp. 62
Additive Metersp. 62
South Indian Talap. 64
Southeast Asian Colotomic Structurep. 66
North Indian Talap. 68
Middle Eastern Rhythmic Modesp. 69
Korean Changdanp. 71
African Polyrhythmp. 73
Music in the African Diasporap. 75
Speedp. 76
Thinking about Pitchp. 81
Pitchp. 81
Pitch Namesp. 82
Syllablesp. 82
Numbersp. 83
Lettersp. 83
Setting the Pitchp. 83
Who Sets the Pitchp. 83
Pitch Placementp. 85
Thinking Horizontallyp. 87
Intervalsp. 87
Naming Intervalsp. 88
Microtonesp. 90
Scalesp. 91
The Chromatic Scalep. 91
Diatonic Scalesp. 93
The "Oriental" Scalep. 94
Number of Pitches in an Octavep. 94
Pitch Functionsp. 95
Modep. 96
Thinking Verticallyp. 98
Tone Clustersp. 98
Naming Vertical Intervalsp. 99
Dissonance and Consonancep. 99
Functional Harmonyp. 100
Thinking Horizontally and Verticallyp. 103
Performing One Melodyp. 103
Solo and in Unisonp. 103
Interlocking Partsp. 104
Roundsp. 104
Heterophonyp. 105
Performing One Melody with Another Partp. 106
Melody and Dronep. 106
Homophonyp. 106
Performing Multiple Melodiesp. 106
Polyphonyp. 106
Melody and Ostinatop. 107
Thinking about Structurep. 108
Improvising and Composingp. 108
Putting Something Significant Firstp. 111
North Indian Instrumental Formp. 111
Sonata Formp. 112
Telling the Storyp. 113
Music for the Momentp. 113
Part-Counterpartp. 114
Contrasting Instrumentationp. 114
Through-composed Musicp. 115
Strophic Formp. 116
Responding to the Contextp. 118
Expectation for Audience-Performer Interactionp. 118
The Need for Intra-ensemble Interactionp. 119
The Ritual Contextp. 120
A Series of Changdanp. 120
Call and Responsep. 122
Music and Movementp. 122
Coming to the endp. 124
Aesthetic choice and intellectual playp. 125
Contrasting Rhythmic Modesp. 125
Contrasting Melodic Modesp. 126
Social Valuesp. 126
Thinking about Issuesp. 128
Music and Culture Contactp. 130
A Focus on Influencesp. 130
A Focus on Boundariesp. 131
Genderp. 131
The National Communityp. 133
Other Groupsp. 138
Authenticityp. 140
Transcending Boundariesp. 145
The Mass Mediap. 147
Transnationalizationp. 148
The Localp. 149
Thinking about Fieldworkp. 152
Picking a Projectp. 153
Planning the Projectp. 154
Doing the Projectp. 155
Finishing the Projectp. 157
Glossary of Musical Termsp. 158
Referencesp. 166
Resourcesp. 170
Indexp. 173
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