Transnational Crime and the 21st Century Criminal Enterprise, Corruption, and Opportunity

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-01-12
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Transnational crime is to the early twenty-first century what city gangs and Al Capone were to the early twentieth century. InTransnational Crime and the 21st Century: Criminal Enterprise, Corruption, and Opportunity,noted criminologist Jay S. Albanese uses case studies, interviews, and the most up-to-date research to explore the connections between transnational crime and organized crime. A concise and affordable supplement for courses in comparative, international, and organized crime, this provocative text offers students a solid basis for understanding the nature of transnational crime. FEATURES * Uses clear, straightforward language,making the text accessible to students of all levels * Categorizes crimes bytype(rather than by topic) in order to help students better grasp the interrelationships between transnational and organized crime * Examines the nine most serious forms of transnational crime:drug trafficking, stolen property, counterfeiting, human trafficking, fraud and cybercrime, commercialized sex, extortion and racketeering, money laundering, and corruption * Proposes concrete solutionsfor preventing organized crime syndicates and networks * Takes a systematic approachto risk assessment, delving into the factors that generate illicit markets and allow criminals to be successful

Author Biography

Jay S. Albanese is a criminologist and professor in the Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
About the Authorp. xvii
The Universe of Transnational Crimep. 1
Types of Transnational Crimep. 3
The Ethnicity Trap and Transnational Crimep. 5
Criminal Networks Versus Formal Organizationsp. 6
Drug Traffickingp. 11
The Nature of Transnational Drug Traffickingp. 12
The Volume of Drug Traffickingp. 13
Assessing Drug Trafficking Trendsp. 16
Focusing on Drug Markets Versus Drugs and Drug Traffickersp. 17
The Legalization Argument and Drug Traffickingp. 21
Drug Use and the Ultimate Solutionp. 22
Stolen Propertyp. 25
Typology of Stolen Property Crimesp. 25
Trafficking in Stolen Consumer Goodsp. 26
Weapons Traffickingp. 27
Antiquities and Artp. 29
Natural Resourcesp. 31
The Essential Enabler for Stolen Property Traffickingp. 34
Counterfeitingp. 38
The Nature of Counterfeiting and Forgeryp. 39
The Extent of Counterfeiting and Forgeryp. 40
The Harms of Counterfeitingp. 42
Counterfeiting Enforcementp. 43
Counterfeiting Preventionp. 45
Human Traffickingp. 49
What Is Human Trafficking?p. 49
Extrapolating Riskp. 53
A Criminal Enterprise Approachp. 54
Recruiters, Transporters, and Exploitersp. 57
Combining Victim Risk Assessments with Criminal Enterprisesp. 60
The Future of Human Traffickingp. 61
Fraud and Cybercrimep. 66
Changes in Property Ownership and Storagep. 67
The Movement of Propertyp. 68
The Extent of Fraudp. 69
Protecting Property from Larcenyp. 71
Crime Prevention Technology Reacts to Criminal Technologyp. 74
The Causes and Prevention of Theft and Fraudp. 75
Commercial Vices: Obscenity and Pornographyp. 78
Defining Obscenity and Pornographyp. 78
How Much Obscenity Is There?p. 79
The Pornography-Harm Linkp. 81
The Rise of the Internetp. 84
New Approaches to an Old Problemp. 85
Obscenity: From Sex to Violencep. 87
Why Is Pornography So Popular?p. 88
Extortion and Racketeeringp. 92
Infiltration of Businessp. 93
The Nature of Extortionp. 94
Protection Racketsp. 95
What Is a Racketeer?p. 98
Hidden Ownership and Ancillary Enterprisesp. 100
The Secretive Nature of Criminal Enterprisesp. 103
Money Launderingp. 108
The Dimensions of Money Launderingp. 109
Problems of Anti-Money-Laundering Compliancep. 112
Asset Forfeiturep. 115
The Boundaries of Asset Seizurep. 116
Pressures Countering Anti-Money-Laundering Effortsp. 120
Corruption and the Futurep. 125
What Is Corruption?p. 126
Costs of Corruptionp. 127
How Does Corruption Flourish?p. 128
How Much Corruption Is There?p. 129
Enforcing Anti-Corruption Measuresp. 131
The Future: Can Corruption Be Reduced or Eliminated?p. 133
Glossaryp. 142
Indexp. 151
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