Traumatic Experience and the Brain: A Handbook for Understanding and Treating Those Traumatized As Children

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-08-15
  • Publisher: Acacia Pub Inc
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Traumatic Experience and the Brain is the result of Dr. Dave Ziegler's three decades of experience with children traumatized by abuse and/or neglect. Containing almost 100 pages of new material, this newly revised and updated second edition details the effect of trauma on the developing brain, describing how it actually rewires one's perceptions of self, others, and the world. It is a book of hope for foster, natural, and adoptive parents of such "broken" children and the therapists, teachers and social workers who attempt to help them. Dave Ziegler, M.S., Ph.D., is the director of Jasper Mountain, a residential treatment program in Oregon for some of society's most damaged children.

Author Biography

Dr. Dave Ziegler has seen, first hand, the effects on the brain of traumatic experiences during infancy and early childhood. As a result of his research and extensive experience with traumatized children, he describes in understandable terms the complex neural functioning of a very young brain. His work with trauma victims has exposed the formation of developmental psychopathology and the emotional triggers that are so resistant to change. His career is focused on ways to help traumatized individuals, and professionals who help them, learn new methods of healing deeply ingrained trauma. Dr. Ziegler is Executive Director of Jasper Mountain, a treatment program based in Oregon that treats some of society's most damaged children.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. 5
Forewordp. i
The Blueprint of the Human Brainp. 1
The Human Computerp. 2
Neurons: The Building Blocks of the Brainp. 7
The Main Centers of the Brainp. 10
The Brain Stemp. 11
The Diencephalonp. 12
The Limbic Systemp. 14
The Neocortexp. 16
The Human Being-Least Suited of the Animal Kingdom for Independent Survival at Birthp. 18
The Role of the Brain in Adaptationp. 21
Use-Dependent Neurodevelopmentp. 21
Neuro Templatesp. 24
Core Processes of Neurodevelopmentp. 27
Memory and Adaptationp. 29
The Purpose of Memoryp. 32
Types of Memoryp. 33
Treatment Implicationsp. 36
Trauma and the Brainp. 39
Adaptationp. 44
Imprintingp. 47
Sensitizationp. 50
Overactivation/Deprivationp. 51
Effects of Trauma on the Bodyp. 53
Treatment Implicationsp. 56
The Effects of Trauma on Perception and Internal Experiencep. 59
Biological States Produced by Traumap. 59
Stuck in Survival Modep. 62
Absence of Self-Regulation Is Pervasive Among Traumatized Childrenp. 62
Self-Aggression - Never Intended by Naturep. 64
Perception of Retraumatizationp. 67
Deprivation of Experiencep. 68
Internalizers/Externalizersp. 70
Trauma Response Continuump. 73
Treatment Implicationsp. 76
Trauma and Self-Perceptionp. 79
Inner Working Model of Self-Perceptionp. 80
Set Points of Self-Perceptionp. 87
Behaviors Produced by the Traumatized Selfp. 89
Treatment Implicationsp. 90
How Traumatized Children Perceive Othersp. 93
Perceptual Inner Working Models of Othersp. 94
Safety Threatp. 95
Interpersonal Threatp. 98
Easy Markp. 102
Irrelevantp. 104
Emotional Set Points Related to Othersp. 105
Treatment Implicationsp. 108
The World View of Traumatized Childrenp. 111
Inner Working Model of the Worldp. 111
Emotions - From a Help to a Hindrancep. 115
Negative Perceptions of the World Affect Behaviorp. 118
Treatment Implicationsp. 119
From Neural Templates to Inner Working Modelsp. 123
The Brain Is Built from Experiencep. 123
Neurons to Neural Networks to Neural Templatesp. 125
Experience to Memory to Inner Working Modelsp. 127
Treatment Implicationsp. 133
Four Case Examples - Understanding and Interveningp. 135
Not So Crazy Mikep. 135
Renee Put the "R" in Ragep. 141
Brad's Brain Impairmentp. 146
Taming the Animal Within Tammyp. 153
Treatment Can Make a World of Differencep. 159
The Primary Ingredients of Trauma Therapyp. 161
Trauma Is More Than a Diagnosisp. 162
Trauma Is an Internal Experiencep. 163
Primary Goals of Trauma Therapyp. 165
Cognitive Responses to Traumap. 165
Affective Responses to Traumap. 166
Behavioral Responses to Traumap. 167
The Ten Necessary Steps of Trauma Therapyp. 169
Trauma Treatment is a Difficult but Rewarding Journeyp. 179
Neurological Reparative Therapy: A Roadmap for the Therapeutic Journeyp. 181
Neuro-transformationp. 182
The Five Goals of NRTp. 185
Facilitate Perceptual Changes of the Self, Others and the Child's Inner Working Modelp. 186
Enhance Neuro-integrationp. 191
Alter the Region of the Brain that Processes Informationp. 196
Facilitate Orbitofrontal Cortex Activationp. 200
Neuro-template Development Through Repetitive Practicep. 205
Neurological Reparative Therapy in Practicep. 209
The Five Steps of NRTp. 210
Assess the Extent and Causes of Neurological Impairmentp. 211
Identify Specific Cognitive, Emotional and Behavioral Problematic Impairmentsp. 213
Implement Interventions Addressing the Identified Problematic Emotional and Behavioral Symptomsp. 217
Decondition the Child's Stress Response Cycle Through Multiple Forms of Relaxation and Allostatic Trainingp. 221
Environmental Enhancements Promoting the Building Blocks of Brain Developmentp. 228
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