Turncoats and Renegadoes Changing Sides during the English Civil Wars

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-01-06
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Turncoats and Renegadoesis the first dedicated study of the practice of changing sides during the English Civil Wars. It examines the extent and significance of side-changing in England and Wales but also includes comparative material from Scotland and Ireland. The first half identifies side-changers among peers, MPs, army officers, and common soldiers, before reconstructing the chronological and regional patterns to their defections. The second half delivers a cultural history of treachery, by adopting a thematic approach to explore the social and cultural implications of defections, and demonstrating how notions of what constituted a turncoat were culturally constructed. Side-changing came to dominate strategy on both sides at the highest levels. Both sides reviled, yet sought to take advantage of the practice, whilst allegations of treachery came to dominate the internal politics of royalists and parliamentarians alike. The language applied to 'turncoats and renegadoes' in contemporary print is discussed and contrasted with the self-justifications of the side-changers themselves as they sought to shape an honourable self-image for their families and posterity. Andrew Hopper investigates the implementation of military justice, along with the theatre of retribution surrounding the trial and execution of turncoats. He concludes by arguing that, far from side-changing being the dubious practice of a handful of aberrant individuals, it became a necessary survival strategy for thousands as they navigated their way through such rapidly changing events. He reveals how side-changing shaped the course of the English Revolution, even contributing to the regicide itself, and remained an important political legacy to the English speaking peoples thereafter.

Author Biography

Andrew Hopper obtained his doctorate at the University of York in 1999. He then worked as a research fellow at the Universities of East Anglia and Birmingham before being appointed a 'new blood' lecturer in the Centre for English Local History at the University of Leicester in 2006. He has written many articles on allegiance during the civil wars, and has recently edited the papers of the Hothams for the Camden Society. He is best known for his monograph 'Black Tom': Sir Thomas Fairfax and the English Revolution (2007).

Table of Contents

Part I: A profile of side-changing in England and Wales, 1642-1646
1. A turncoat aristocracy
2. 'Ambi-dexter' MPs
3. Military professionals: 'renegado' army officers
4. Popular allegiance and side-changing among rank and file soldiers
5. Chronological and regional patterns to side-changing
Part II: A cultural history of side-changing
6. Political oath-taking and the fear of treachery
7. The language of treachery in newsbooks and polemic
8. Honour, reputation, and the self-fashioning of elite side-changers
9. Trial and execution: defectors and military justice

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