Two Romes Rome and Constantinople in Late Antiquity

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-04-03
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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The city of Constantinople was named New Rome or Second Rome very soon after its foundation in AD 324; over the next two hundred years it replaced the original Rome as the greatest city of the Mediterranean. In this unified essay collection, prominent international scholars examine the changing roles and perceptions of Rome and Constantinople in Late Antiquity from a range of different disciplines and scholarly perspectives. The seventeen chapters cover both the comparative development and the shifting status of the two cities. Developments in politics and urbanism are considered, along with the cities' changing relationships with imperial power, the church, and each other, and their evolving representations in both texts and images. These studies present important revisionist arguments and new interpretations of significant texts and events. This comparative perspective allows the neglected subject of the relationship between the two Romes to come into focus while avoiding the teleological distortions common in much past scholarship. An introductory section sets the cities, and their comparative development, in context. Part Two looks at topography, and includes the first English translation of theNotitiaof Constantinople. The following section deals with politics proper, considering the role of emperors in the two Romes and how rulers interacted with their cities. Part Four then considers the cities through the prism of literature, in particular through the distinctively late antique genre of panegyric. The fifth group of essays considers a crucial aspect shared by the two cities: their role as Christian capitals. Lastly, a provocative epilogue looks at the enduring Roman identity of the post-Heraclian Byzantine state. Thus,Two Romesnot only illuminates the study of both cities but also enriches our understanding of the late Roman world in its entirety.

Author Biography

Lucy Grig is Lecturer in Classics at Edinburgh University and author of Making Martyrs in Late Antiquity

Gavin Kelly is Lecturer in Classics at Edinburgh University and author of Ammianus Marcellinus: The Allusive Historian.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
List of Figuresp. ix
List of Abbreviationsp. xi
Contributorsp. xiii
Introduction: Rome and Constantinople in Context
Introduction: From Rome to Constantinoplep. 3
Competing Capitals, Competing Representations: Late Antique Cityscapes in Words and Picturesp. 31
Old and New Rome Compared: The Rise of Constantinoplep. 53
Urban Space and Urban Development in Comparative Perspective
The Notitia Urbis Constantinopolitanaep. 81
Water and Late Antique Constantinople: "It would be abominable for the inhabitants of this Beautiful City to be compelled to purchase water."p. 116
Aristocratic Houses and the Making of Late Antique Rome and Constantinoplep. 136
Emperors in the City
Valentinian III and the City of Rome (425-55): Patronage, Politics, Powerp. 161
Playing the Ritual Game in Constantinople (379-457)p. 183
Bright Lights, Big City: Pacatus and the Panegyrici Latinip. 203
A Tale of Two Cities: Themistius on Rome and Constantinoplep. 223
Claudian and Constantinoplep. 241
Epic Panegyric and Political Communication in the Fifth-Century Westp. 265
Christian Capitals?
There but Not There: Constantinople in the Itinerarium Burdigalensep. 293
Virgilizing Christianity in Late Antique Romep. 325
"Two Romes, Beacons of the Whole World": Canonizing Constantinoplep. 345
Between Petrine Ideology and Realpolitik: The See of Constantinople in Roman Geo-Ecclesiology (449-536)p. 364
From Rome to New Rome, from Empire to Nation-State: Reopening the Question of Byzantium's Roman Identityp. 387
Bibliographyp. 405
Indexp. 437
Index Locorump. 449
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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