U. S. Army Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manual : U. S. Army Field Manual No. 3-24: Marine Corps Warfighting Publication No. 3-33. 5

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-07-04
  • Publisher: Univ of Chicago Pr
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When the U.S. military invaded Iraq, it lacked a common understanding of the problems inherent in counterinsurgency campaigns. It had neither studied them, nor developed doctrine and tactics to deal with them. It is fair to say that in 2003, most Army officers knew more about the U.S. Civil War than they did about counterinsurgency. The U.S. Army / Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manualwas written to fill that void. The result of unprecedented collaboration among top U.S. military experts, scholars, and practitioners in the field, the manual espouses an approach to combat that emphasizes constant adaptation and learning, the importance of decentralized decision-making, the need to understand local politics and customs, and the key role of intelligence in winning the support of the population. The manual also emphasizes the paradoxical and often counterintuitive nature of counterinsurgency operations: sometimes the more you protect your forces, the less secure you are; sometimes the more force you use, the less effective it is; sometimes doing nothing is the best reaction. An new introduction by Sarah Sewall, director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, places the manual in critical and historical perspective, explaining the significance and potential impact of this revolutionary challenge to conventional U.S. military doctrine. An attempt by our military to redefine itself in the aftermath of 9/11 and the new world of international terrorism,The U.S. Army / Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manualwill play a vital role in American military campaigns for years to come. The University of Chicago Press will donate a portion of the proceeds from this book to the Fisher House Foundation, a private-public partnership that supports the families of America's injured servicemen. To learn more about the Fisher House Foundation, visit www.fisherhouse.org.

Table of Contents

List of Tables, Figures, and Vignettesp. ix
Foreword to the University of Chicago Press editionp. xiii
Introduction to the University of Chicago Press editionp. xxi
Forewordp. xlv
Prefacep. xlvii
Acknowledgementsp. xlix
Introductionp. li
Insurgency and Counterinsurgencyp. 1
Overviewp. 1
Aspects of Insurgencyp. 3
Aspects of Counterinsurgencyp. 34
Summaryp. 51
Unity of Effort: Integrating Civilian and Military Activitiesp. 53
Integrationp. 53
Key Counterinsurgency Participants and Their Likely Rolesp. 60
Key Responsibilities in Counterinsurgencyp. 67
Civilian and Military Integration Mechanismsp. 69
Tactical-Level Interagency Considerationsp. 76
Summaryp. 77
Intelligence in Counterinsurgencyp. 79
Intelligence Characteristics in Counterinsurgencyp. 79
Predeployment Planning and Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefieldp. 80
Define the Operational Environmentp. 82
Describe the Effects of the Operational Environmentp. 83
Determine Threat Courses of Actionp. 113
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Operationsp. 117
The Intelligence-Operations Dynamicp. 118
Human Intelligence and Operational Reportingp. 119
Surveillance and Reconnaissance Considerationsp. 122
Considerations for Other Intelligence Disciplinesp. 123
Counterintelligence and Counterreconnaissancep. 126
All-Source Intelligencep. 127
Current Operationsp. 129
Comprehensive Insurgency Analysisp. 129
Reachbackp. 131
Analytic Continuityp. 131
Intelligence Collaborationp. 132
Intelligence Cells and Working Groupsp. 133
Host-Nation Integrationp. 134
Summaryp. 135
Designing Counterinsurgency Campaigns and Operationsp. 137
The Importance of Campaign Designp. 137
The Relationship Between Design and Planningp. 139
The Nature of Designp. 140
Considerations for Designp. 141
Design for Counterinsurgencyp. 142
Summaryp. 150
Executing Counterinsurgency Operationsp. 151
The Nature of Counterinsurgency Operationsp. 151
Logical Lines of Operations in Counterinsurgencyp. 154
Counterinsurgency Approachesp. 174
Assessment of Counterinsurgency Operationsp. 188
Targetingp. 191
Learning and Adaptingp. 196
Summaryp. 197
Developing Host-Nation Security Forcesp. 199
Overviewp. 199
Challenges, Resources, and End Statep. 201
Framework for Developmentp. 209
Police in Counterinsurgencyp. 229
Summaryp. 235
Leadership and Ethics for Counterinsurgencyp. 237
Leadership in Counterinsurgencyp. 237
Large- and Small-Unit Leadership Tenetsp. 238
Ethicsp. 244
Warfighting Versus Policingp. 246
Proportionality and Discriminationp. 247
Detention and Interrogationp. 249
The Learning Imperativep. 252
Summaryp. 253
Sustainmentp. 255
Logistic Considerations in Counterinsurgencyp. 255
Logistic Support to Logical Lines of Operationsp. 260
Contracted Logistic Supportp. 279
Summaryp. 284
A Guide for Actionp. 287
Planp. 287
Preparep. 289
Executep. 293
Ending the Tourp. 302
Three "What Ifs"p. 302
Summaryp. 303
Social Network Analysis and Other Analytical Toolsp. 305
Describe the Effects of the Operational Environmentp. 305
Evaluate the Threatp. 317
Linguist Supportp. 335
Linguist Support Categoriesp. 335
Selecting Interpretersp. 337
Employing Linguistsp. 339
Establishing Rapportp. 340
Orienting Interpretersp. 341
Preparing for Presentationsp. 341
Conducting Presentationsp. 343
Speaking Techniquesp. 344
Legal Considerationsp. 347
Authority to Assist a Foreign Governmentp. 347
Authorization to Use Military Forcep. 349
Rules of Engagementp. 350
The Law of Warp. 351
Internal Armed Conflictp. 352
Detention and Interrogationp. 354
Enforcing Discipline of U.S. Forcesp. 356
Humanitarian Relief and Reconstructionp. 357
Training and Equipping Foreign Forcesp. 359
Claims and Solatiap. 360
Establishing the Rule of Lawp. 360
Airpower in Counterinsurgencyp. 363
Overviewp. 363
Airpower in the Strike Rolep. 364
Airpower in Intelligence Collectionp. 365
Air and Space Information Operationsp. 366
High-Technology Assetsp. 367
Low-Technology Assetsp. 368
Airliftp. 368
The Airpower Command Structurep. 370
Building Host-Nation Airpower Capabilityp. 371
Source Notesp. 373
Glossaryp. 379
Annotated Bibliographyp. 391
Military Referencesp. 397
Indexp. 401
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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