9781137280220

Understanding Ethnopolitical Conflict Karabakh, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia Wars Reconsidered

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781137280220

  • ISBN10:

    1137280220

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-07-08
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
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Summary

This book seeks to explore the relevance of major theoretical and methodological approaches currently dominating the field of ethnic conflict and civil war research, testing their efficacy by applying them to three major South Caucasus conflicts of the late 1980s and early 1990s.

Souleimanov explores the causes and dynamics of ethnic conflict and civil war, distinguishing between onset-based and process-based theories. He introduces a scheme of periodization which links the phase of low-scale inter-ethnic violence with the phase of sustainable organized violence, asserting the crucial importance of elites and their use of opportunity in power asymmetry as a key factor in instigating full-scale civil war.

As a merger of theoretical and empiricist approaches, this book focuses on the case-specific contextual richness of the local conflicts in Karabakh, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia to draw solid theoretical conclusions as well as providing suggestions for the improvement of current theories.





Author Biography

Emil Arslan Souleimanov is Assistant Professor in the Department of Russian and East European Studies at Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. He is author of An Endless War: The Russian-Chechen Conflict in Perspective (2007). He has published widely in journals such as Europe-Asia Studies, Problems of Post-Communism, Middle East Policy, Osteuropa and Politique étrangère and provided numerous analyses to the Czech Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defense, and NATO.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Preface
1. Introduction
PART I: THE SOUTH CAUCASUS
2. Theories Of Ethnic Conflict And Civil War
3. Aims And Objectives
4. Methodological Remarks
5. Organization Of The Book
6. Note On Transliteration
PART II: THEORIZING ON THE CAUSES OF CIVIL WAR AND ETHNOPOLITICAL CONFLICT
7. Explaining The Terms
8. Typology Of Conflicts
9. Conflict Vocabulary
10. Periodization In Ethnopolitical Conflict And Civil War
11. Phase A. Mobilization – Latent Conflict
12. Phase B. Radicalization – Sporadic Or Low-Scale Violence
13. Phase C. Sustained Large-Scale Violence – Civil War
14. Structural Accounts
15. Level Of Economic Development
16. Facilitating A Rebellion? Natural Resources, Diaspora And Geography
17. Demographic Factors: Ethnic Diversity, Size, And Proportions
18. Regime Type And Regime Change
19. Social Inequality Accounts
20. General Shortcomings Of Quantitative Research
21. Conflict-Escalation-Based Theories
22. Perceptional Accounts
23. Ancient Hatreds
24. Security Dilemma
25. Symbolic (Identity) Politics
26. Instrumentalist Accounts – Manipulative Leaders
27. Opportunity In Power Asymmetry: A Missing Causal Link Between Ethinc Riots And Civil War?
PART III: THE SOUTH CAUCASUS
28. A History Of Identities, An Identity Of Histories
29. (I) Azerbaijan And Azerbaijanis
30. Azerbaijan
31. Relations With Persia And Persians, Or Turks And Turkey, In Historical Perspective
32. Relations With Russians And Russia In Historical Perspective
33. (Ii) Armenia And Armenians
34. Armenia
35. Relations With Turks And Turkey In Historical Perspective
36. Relations With Russians And Russia In Historical Perspective
37. (Iii) Georgia And Georgians
38. Relations With Russians And Russia In Historical Perspective
39. Forging Nation States: Societal Transition In The South Caucasus Republics
40. (I) The Internal Political Situation In Azerbaijan On The Eve Of The Breakup Of The Ussr
41. The Role Of Clans In Azerbaijani Politics
42. Mütällibov's Rule: Chaotic Internal Politics
43. Elçibäy: The Nationalists In Power
44. The Rise Of Heydär Äliyev
45. (Ii) The Internal Political Situation In Armenia On The Eve Of The Breakup Of The Ussr
46. Georgia
47. The Internal Political Situation In Georgia On The Eve Of The Breakup Of The Ussr
PART IV: NAGORNO-KARABAKH, SOUTH OSSETIA AND ABKHAZIA: THE ASCENT OF ETHNOPOLITICAL CONFLICT
48. Nagorno-Karabakh
49. Conflict And Historiography
50. Chronology Of Escalation
51. Phase A: Mobilization – Latent Conflict
52. Phase B. Radicalization – Sporadic Violence
53. Phase C. Armed Conflict – Civil (International) War
54. The Conflicts In South Ossetia And Abkhazia
55. South Ossetia
56. Abkhazia
57. Conflict And Historiography
58. South Ossetia: Chronology Of Escalation
59. Phase A: Mobilization – Latent Conflict
60. Phase C. Armed Conflict – Civil War
61. Abkhazia: Chronology Of Escalation
62. Phase A: Mobilization – Latent Conflict
63. Phase B. Radicalization – Sporadic Violence
64. (I) Turkey
65. Relations With Azerbaijan
66. Relations With Armenia
67. Turkey And The War In Nagorno-Karabakh
68. (Ii) Iran
69. Relations With Azerbaijan
70. Relations With Armenia
71. Iran And The War In Nagorno-Karabakh
72. (Iii) Russia
73. Relations With Azerbaijan
74. Relations With Armenia
75. Russia And The War In Nagorno-Karabakh
76. (Iv) Russian Relations With Georgia
77. Russian-Georgian Relations And The War In South Ossetia
78. Russian-Georgian Relations And The War In Abkhazia
79. Phase C. Armed Conflict – Civil (International) War
80. Outcomes Of The Ethnopolitical Conflicts In Georgia
PART V: CONCLUSIONS
81. Level Of Economic Development
82. Facilitating A Rebellion? Natural Resources, Diaspora And Geography
83. Demographic Factors: Ethnic Diversity, Size, And Proportions
84. Regime Type And Regime Change
85. Social Inequality Accounts
86. Ancient Hatreds
87. Security Dilemma
88. Symbolic (Identity) Politics
89. Manipulative Leaders
90. Expanding The Theory
91. In-Group Cohesion
92. External Support To Secessionist Movements
Bibliography

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