Understanding International Conflicts : An Introduction to Theory and History

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-01-01
  • Publisher: Longman
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Written by renowned scholar and former policymaker Joseph Nye,Understanding International Conflictsis a brief and penetrating introduction to the study of world politics. The text deftly applies a combination of history and theory to evaluate conflict and cooperation among international actors, thus providing students a framework for understanding contemporary issues. From World War I to modern terrorism and information revolutions to global governance,Understanding International Conflictsis a highly readable survey that answers as well as raises compelling questions about the future of international relations. "Sometimes original scholars sound pedantic when addressing central issues of world politics; often policymakers speak in code or platitudes. Not so Professor Nye. As any reader will see, the work in your hands is lucid, direct, and concise. Reading Nyers"s writing on world politics is like watching Joe DiMaggio play center field or Yo-Yo Ma play the cello: he makes the difficult look easy."-from Robert Keohaners"s Foreword toUnderstanding International Conflicts, 7/e.

Author Biography

Joseph S. Nye, Jr., is University Distinguished Service Professor and former Dean of Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government

Table of Contents

Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Resourcesp. xvii
Is There an Enduring Logic of Conflict in World Politics?p. 1
What is International Politics?p. 2
Differing Views of Anarchic Politicsp. 4
Building Blocksp. 9
The Peloponnesian Warp. 13
A Short Version of a Long Storyp. 13
Causes and Theoriesp. 16
Inevitability and the Shadow of the Futurep. 18
Ethical Questions and International Politicsp. 21
Limits on Ethics in International Relationsp. 22
Three Views of the Role of Moralityp. 23
Chronology: Peloponnesian Warsp. 29
Study Questionsp. 30
Selected Readingsp. 30
Further Readingsp. 30
Notesp. 32
Origins of the Great Twentieth-Century Conflictsp. 34
International Systems and Levels of Causationp. 34
Levels of Analysisp. 36
Systems: Structure and Processp. 38
Revolutionary and Moderate Goals and Instrumentsp. 39
The Structure and Process of the Nineteenth-Century Systemp. 41
A Modern Sequelp. 43
Domestic Politics and Foreign Policyp. 44
Liberalism Revivedp. 46
Liberal Democracy and Warp. 48
Defining National Interestsp. 50
Variations in Foreign Policiesp. 51
Counterfactualsp. 52
Plausibilityp. 53
Proximity in Timep. 53
Relation to Theoryp. 54
Factsp. 54
Chronologies: Europep. 55
Study Questionsp. 57
Selected Readingsp. 57
Further Readingsp. 58
Notesp. 59
Balance of Power and World War Ip. 60
Balance of Powerp. 60
Powerp. 61
Balances as Distributions of Powerp. 65
Balance of Power as Policyp. 66
Balance of Power as Multipolar Systemsp. 68
Alliancesp. 70
The Origins of World War Ip. 71
Three Levels of Analysisp. 71
Was War Inevitable?p. 77
What Kind of War?p. 80
The Funnel of Choicesp. 82
Lessons of History Againp. 83
Chronology: The Road to World War Ip. 84
Study Questionsp. 85
Selected Readingsp. 85
Further Readingsp. 85
Notesp. 87
The Failure of Collective Security and World War IIp. 88
The Rise and Fall of Collective Securityp. 88
The League of Nationsp. 89
The United States and the League of Nationsp. 91
The Early Days of the Leaguep. 92
The Manchurian Failurep. 95
The Ethiopian Debaclep. 96
The Origins of World War IIp. 97
Hitler's War?p. 97
Hitler's Strategyp. 99
The Role of the Individualp. 103
Systemic and Domestic Causesp. 104
Was War Inevitable?p. 105
The Pacific Warp. 107
Appeasement and Two Types of Warp. 111
Chronology: Between the World Warsp. 112
Study Questionsp. 113
Selected Readingsp. 114
Further Readingsp. 114
Notesp. 115
The Cold Warp. 116
Deterrence and Containmentp. 117
Three Approaches to the Cold Warp. 118
Roosevelt's Policiesp. 120
Stalin's Policiesp. 121
Phases of the Conflictp. 122
Inevitability?p. 128
Levels of Analysisp. 129
U.S. and Soviet Goals in the Cold Warp. 131
Containmentp. 132
The Vietnam Warp. 133
Motives, Means, and Consequencesp. 134
Chronology: American Involvement in Vietnam (1954-1975)p. 135
The Rest of the Cold Warp. 138
The End of the Cold Warp. 140
The Role of Nuclear Weaponsp. 145
Physics and Politicsp. 145
Balance of Terrorp. 148
Problems of Nuclear Deterrencep. 149
The Cuban Missile Crisisp. 151
Moral Issuesp. 153
Chronology: The Cold War Yearsp. 156
Study Questionsp. 160
Selected Readingsp. 161
Further Readingsp. 161
Notesp. 162
Conflicts after the Cold War - Interventions and Institutionsp. 163
Ethnic Conflictsp. 164
Intervention and Sovereigntyp. 166
Defining Interventionp. 166
Sovereigntyp. 168
Judging Interventionp. 169
Exceptions to the Rulep. 170
Problems of Self-Determinationp. 171
International Law and Organizationp. 173
Domestic Analogiesp. 173
Predictability and Legitimacyp. 175
United Nations: Collective Security and Peacekeepingp. 176
Conflicts in the Middle Eastp. 182
The Questions of Nationalismp. 183
The Arab-Israeli Conflictsp. 185
The Conflicts in the Persian Gulf of 1991 and 2003p. 192
Chronology: The Arab-Israeli Conflictp. 196
Study Questionsp. 199
Selected Readingsp. 199
Further Readingsp. 200
Notesp. 201
Globalization and Interdependencep. 202
The Dimensions of Globalizationp. 203
What's New about Twenty-First-Century Globalization?p. 205
Political Reactions to Globalizationp. 207
Power and Interdependencep. 208
The Concept of Interdependencep. 208
Sources of Interdependencep. 209
Benefits of Interdependencep. 210
Costs of Interdependencep. 211
Symmetry of Interdependencep. 213
Leadership and Institutions in the World Economyp. 216
Realism and Complex Interdependencep. 220
The Politics of Oilp. 221
Oil as a Power Resourcep. 225
Study Questionsp. 226
Selected Readingsp. 227
Further Readingsp. 227
Notesp. 229
Information Revolution and Transnational Actorsp. 231
Power and the Information Revolutionp. 231
Lessons from the Pastp. 231
A New World Politics?p. 235
Sovereignty and Controlp. 239
Transnational Actorsp. 242
Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs)p. 245
The Information Revolution and Complex Interdependencep. 248
Conclusionsp. 251
Study Questionsp. 252
Selected Readingsp. 252
Further Readingsp. 253
Notesp. 254
A New World Order?p. 256
Alternative Designs for the Futurep. 256
The End of History or the Clash of Civilizations?p. 261
Technology and the Diffusion of Powerp. 263
Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destructionp. 265
Transnational Challenges to Securityp. 267
A New World Order?p. 276
Future Configurations of Powerp. 277
The Prison of Old Conceptsp. 280
The Evolution of a Hybrid World Orderp. 282
Thinking About the Futurep. 284
Study Questionsp. 285
Selected Readingsp. 286
Further Readingsp. 286
Notesp. 288
Glossaryp. 289
Creditsp. 293
Indexp. 295
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