The United States and the European Alliance Since 1945

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1999-07-01
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
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Most historical writing on the relations between the United States and its European allies in the post-war period has concentrated on the development of the Cold War and the beginnings of European integration. An equally significant question is how relations between an increasingly self-confident Europe and a United States used to its leadership role developed after this period. This book investigates the successes and failures, as well as the diversity, that constituted both the strength and weakness of the transatlantic alliance. It looks at crucial areas of conflict, such as economics and trade, nuclear weapons, the language of power, and key personalities, as well as the very concept of a special relationship. How did Europe and the United States respond to economic emergencies such as the 1973-4 oil crisis and how were issues of power and control reflected in the language used by officials to describe foreign nations and statesmen? Who controlled the nuclear button and how did fears and feelings of inferiority influence European-American nuclear interdependence in NATO? How did American officials attempt to walk successfully in European corridors of power and how did Europeans network in Washington? What are the qualities that make relationships such as the Anglo-American or the German-American one special and what strains do they place on other members of the alliance? Internationally renowned experts in their fields illuminate the most exciting and important research currently available on the European-American relationship and shed new light on the way the western alliance has functioned. This important book will have wide appeal for specialists in a number of fields: international relations, politics, economics, and history.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements vii
Introduction 1(16)
Kathleen Burk
``Empire'' by Integration: The United States and European Integration, 1945--1996
Geir Lundestad
Part I: Economics and Trade
Economic Leverage: The United States, Civil Aviation, and Europe, 1945-1996
Alan P. Dobson
International Co-operation versus National Self-Interest: The United States and Europe during the 1973-1974 Oil Crisis
Fiona Venn
Part II: Who Commands?
Language and Power in the Western Alliance
Frank Costigliola
Ambivalent about America: Giorgio La Pira and the Catholic Left in Italy from NATO Ratification to the Vietnam War
James Edward Miller
Part III: The Defense Relationship
What Price Solidarity? European--American Nuclear Interdependence in NATO
Beatrice Heuser
Interdependence and Independence: Nassau and the British Nuclear Deterrent
Lawrence Freedman
John Gearson
Part IV: Toward a United States of Europe: Do Personalities Make a Difference?
European Insiders Working Inside Washington: Monnet's Network, Euratom, and the Eisenhower Administration
Pascaline Winand
Do Personalities Make a Difference? Washington Working with Europeans
Klaus Schwabe
Part V: Special Relationships
Special Pleading
Alex Danchev
The Federal Republic's Ostpolitik and the United States: Initiatives and Constraints
Gottfried Niedhart
Notes on Contributors 313(4)
Index 317

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