9780471431589

Urban Hydrology, Hydraulics, and Stormwater Quality Engineering Applications and Computer Modeling

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780471431589

  • ISBN10:

    0471431583

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2003-08-22
  • Publisher: WILEY

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

A practical introduction on today's challenge of controlling and managing the water resources used by and affected by cities and urbanized communities. The book offers an integrated engineering approach, covering the spectrum of urban watershed management, urban hydraulic systems, and overall stormwater management.Each chapter concludes with helpful problems.Solutions Manual available to qualified professors and instructors upon request.Introduces the reader to two popular, non-proprietary computer-modeling pro-grams: HEC-HMS (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) and SWMM (U.S EPA).

Author Biography

A. OSMAN AKAN, PhD, PE, is Professor and current Chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia. He has more than thirty years of teaching, research, and consulting experience in the general field of water resources engineering. His publication record includes Urban Stormwater Hydrology (Wiley), several chapters in design handbooks, and numerous articles in scholarly journals.<BR>

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xv
1 Introduction 1(4)
1.1 Urbanization and Stormwater Runoff
1(1)
1.2 Urban Hydrology, Hydraulics, and Stormwater Quality
2(1)
1.3 Organization of the Book
2(2)
Problems
4(1)
2 Rainfall for Designing Urban Drainage Systems 5(29)
2.1 Hydrologic Description of Rainfall
5(3)
2.2 Probabilistic Description of Rainfall
8(7)
2.2.1 Return Period and Hydrologic Risk
8(2)
2.2.2 Frequency Analysis
10(3)
2.2.3 Intensity-Duration-Return Period Curves
13(1)
2.2.4 Mathematical Intensity-Duration Relationships
14(1)
2.3 Design Rainfall
15(3)
2.3.1 Continuous Simulation and Single-Event Methods
16(1)
2.3.2 Design Return Period
17(1)
2.3.3 Design-Storm Duration and Depth
18(1)
2.3.4 Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Design Rainfall
18(1)
2.4 Construction of Design-Storm Hyetographs
18(11)
2.4.1 Soil Conservation Service Method
18(2)
2.4.2 Yen and Chow Method
20(1)
2.4.3 Huff Method
21(4)
2.4.4 Synthetic Block Hyetograph Method
25(2)
2.4.5 Chicago Method
27(2)
Problems
29(3)
References
32(2)
3 Rainfall Excess Calculations 34(31)
3.1 Calculation of Rainfall Abstractions
34(19)
3.1.1 Interception Storage
35(1)
3.1.2 Infiltration
36(16)
3.1.3 Depression Storage
52(1)
3.2 Combined Loss Models
53(7)
3.2.1 Soil Conservation Service Method
53(6)
3.2.2 Other Combined Loss Models
59(1)
Problems
60(3)
References
63(2)
4 Rainfall Excess and Open-Channel Flow in Urban Watersheds 65(29)
4.1 Open-Channel Hydraulics
65(6)
4.1.1 Basic Definitions
65(2)
4.1.2 States of Open-Channel Flow
67(1)
4.1.3 Open-Channel Flow Equations
68(1)
4.1.4 Steady Gradually Varied Flow
69(1)
4.1.5 Normal Flow
70(1)
4.1.6 Open-Channel Rating Curve
70(1)
4.2 Overland Flow
71(8)
4.2.1 Kinematic-Wave Model
72(1)
4.2.2 Overland Flow on Impervious Surfaces
73(4)
4.2.3 Overland Flow on Pervious Surfaces
77(2)
4.3 Channel Flow
79(11)
4.3.1 Muskingum Method
80(3)
4.3.2 Muskingum-Cunge Method
83(2)
4.3.3 Muskingum-Cunge Method for Routing with Lateral Inflow
85(3)
4.3.4 Modified Att-Kin Method
88(2)
Problems
90(3)
References
93(1)
5 Calculation of Runoff Rates From Urban Watersheds 94(53)
5.1 Basic Concepts
95(2)
5.1.1 Elements of Urban Runoff Hydrographs
95(2)
5.1.2 Definition of Time of Concentration
97(1)
5.2 Calculation of Time of Concentration
97(7)
5.2.1 SCS Time-of-Concentration Method
98(2)
5.2.2 Kinematic Time-of-Concentration Formulas
100(3)
5.2.3 Kirpich Formula
103(1)
5.3 Unit Hydrograph Method
104(15)
5.3.1 Unit Hydrograph Development
104(13)
5.3.2 Application of the Unit Hydrograph Method
117(2)
5.4 Soil Conservation Service Methods for Runoff Rate Calculations
119(6)
5.4.1 TR-55 Graphical Peak Discharge Method
119(2)
5.4.2 TR-55 Tabular Hydrograph Method
121(4)
5.5 The Santa Barbara Urban Hydrograph Method
125(4)
5.6 USGS Regression Equations
129(3)
5.7 The Rational Method
132(4)
5.8 The Kinematic-Rational Methods
136(5)
Problems
141(4)
References
145(2)
6 Stormwater Drainage Structures 147(71)
6.1 Drainage of Street Pavements
147(19)
6.1.1 General Design Considerations
147(1)
6.1.2 Flow in Gutters
148(7)
6.1.3 Pavement Drainage Inlets
155(9)
6.1.4 Pavement Drainage Inlet Locations
164(2)
6.2 Storm Sewer Systems
166(18)
6.2.1 Storm Sewer Hydraulics
168(6)
6.2.2 Design Discharge for Storm Sewers
174(2)
6.2.3 Sizing Storm Sewers
176(1)
6.2.4 Hydraulic Grade Line Considerations
176(1)
6.2.5 Storm Sewer System Design Calculations
177(7)
6.3 Culverts
184(16)
6.3.1 Inlet Control Flow
185(9)
6.3.2 Outlet Control Flow
194(5)
6.3.3 Sizing of Culverts
199(1)
6.4 Design of Surface Drainage Channels
200(13)
6.4.1 Design of Unlined Channels
201(7)
6.4.2 Design of Grass-Lined Channels
208(5)
Problems
213(4)
References
217(1)
Suggested Reading
217(1)
7 Stormwater Detention for Quantity Management 218(50)
7.1 Detention Basins
218(31)
7.1.1 Stage-Storage Relationship
219(3)
7.1.2 Stage-Discharge Relationship
222(5)
7.1.3 Pond Routing
227(4)
7.1.4 Pond-Routing Charts
231(8)
7.1.5 Design of Detention Basins
239(10)
7.2 Infiltration Practices
249(13)
7.2.1 Capture Volume
249(4)
7.2.2 Soil Textures
253(1)
7.2.3 Infiltration Basins
253(4)
7.2.4 Infiltration Trenches
257(2)
7.2.5 Dry Wells
259(3)
7.2.6 Porous Pavements
262(1)
Problems
262(4)
References
266(1)
Suggested Reading
267(1)
8 Urban Stormwater Pollution 268(23)
8.1 Modeling Urban Stormwater Quality
269(10)
8.1.1 Solids Buildup and Wash-off from Impervious Areas
269(4)
8.1.2 Solids Wash-off from Pervious Surfaces
273(4)
8.1.3 Wash-off of Pollutants Other than Solids
277(1)
8.1.4 Pollutographs and Loadographs
277(2)
8.2 Annual Pollutant Load Estimates
279(8)
8.2.1 EPA Model for Annual Pollutant Loading Estimation
279(4)
8.2.2 U.S. Geological Survey Model for Mean Annual Loads
283(2)
8.2.3 Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments Method
285(2)
Problems
287(3)
References
290(1)
9 Best Management Practices for Urban Stormwater Quality Control 291(35)
9.1 Extended Detention Basins
293(6)
9.1.1 Sizing Extended Detention Basins
294(2)
9.1.2 Sizing Water Quality Outlet Devices
296(2)
9.1.3 Additional Extended Detention Basin Design Considerations
298(1)
9.2 Retention Basins
299(14)
9.2.1 Permanent Pool Volume
300(3)
9.2.2 Retention Basin Design Considerations
303(1)
9.2.3 EPA Methodology for Analysis of Wet Pond Detention Basins
304(9)
9.3 Water Quality Trenches
313(1)
9.4 Sand Filters
314(2)
9.5 Stormwater Wetlands
316(4)
9.6 Other Vegetative BMPs
320(1)
9.6.1 Grass Swales
320(1)
9.6.2 Filter Strips
321(1)
9.7 The National Stormwater BMP Database
321(1)
Problems
322(2)
References
324(2)
10 Urban Stormwater Computer Models: HEC-HMS and EPA-SWMM 326(25)
10.1 Hydrologic Modeling Overview and Watershed Delineation
327(4)
10.2 Model Structure and Features of HEC-HMS
331(3)
10.3 Technical Capabilities of HEC-HMS
334(3)
10.4 HEC-HMS Example Problem
337(7)
10.5 Structure and Features of EPA-SWMM
344(1)
10.6 Technical Capabilities of EPA-SWMM
345(2)
10.7 EPA-SWMM Example Problem
347(1)
10.8 Model Calibration and Verification
347(1)
Problems
348(2)
References
350(1)
Suggested Reading
350(1)
Appendix Tabular Hydrograph Unit Discharges for SCS Type II Rainfall Distribution 351(16)
Index 367

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