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9781593459697

Victimology

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781593459697

  • ISBN10:

    1593459696

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-04-04
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Table of Contents

List of Figures xiii
List of Tables xvii
Chapter 1 The Scope of Victimology 1(24)
Introduction
1(1)
The Victim Throughout History
1(2)
The Reemergence of the Victim
3(6)
The Work of Hans von Hentig: The Criminal and His Victim
4(2)
The Work of Beniamin Mendelsohn: Further Reflections
6(1)
The Work of Stephen Schafer: The Victim and His Criminal
7(1)
Other Scholarly Efforts
8(1)
Empirical Studies of Victim Precipitation
9(4)
The Work of Marvin E. Wolfgang: Patterns in Criminal Homicide
9(1)
The Work of Menachem Amir: Patterns in Forcible Rape
10(1)
Criticisms and Reactions
11(2)
A New Approach: General Victimology
13(2)
Critical Victimology
15(2)
The Victim Movement
17(4)
The Women's Movement
17(1)
Children's Rights
17(1)
The Growing Crime Problem
18(1)
Victim Compensation
18(1)
Legal Reforms
19(1)
Other Factors
19(2)
Summary and Overview of This Book
21(2)
Key Terms for Chapter 1
23(2)
Chapter 2 Gauging the Extent of Criminal Victimization 25(28)
Introduction
25(1)
Official Police Reports
26(3)
Statistics from the UCR
29(2)
Victimization Surveys
31(11)
First-Generation Victim Surveys
32(3)
The NORC Survey
32(1)
Some Methodological Considerations
33(2)
Second-Generation Victim Surveys
35(2)
Recall Problems
35(1)
The San Jose-Dayton Surveys
36(1)
Third-Generation Victim Surveys
37(2)
The National Crime Survey
37(1)
The Business Victimization Survey
38(1)
City Surveys
38(1)
Fourth-Generation Victim Surveys
39(3)
Statistics from the NCVS
42(5)
Repeat Victimization
47(4)
Summary
51(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 2
51(2)
Chapter 3 The Costs of Being a Victim 53(34)
Introduction
53(1)
The Consequences of Victimization
54(10)
The First Insult: Criminal Victimization
56(5)
The Second Insult: System Participation
61(3)
Prosecutorial-Based Victim-Witness Projects
64(9)
Project Development
67(3)
Project Performance
70(2)
Project Evaluation
72(1)
Beyond the Prosecutor's Office
73(10)
Dissenting Voices
83(2)
Summary
85(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 3
85(2)
Chapter 4 Remedying the Plight of Victims 87(26)
Introduction
87(1)
Offender Restitution
88(7)
The Rationale for Restitution
89(1)
Types of Restitution
90(1)
Evaluating the Impact of Restitution
91(2)
Problems and Concerns with Restitution
93(2)
Civil Litigation
95(3)
Private Insurance
98(1)
Victim Compensation
99(8)
Philosophical Bases
101(1)
Compensable Acts
102(1)
Eligibility Restrictions
103(1)
Awards
104(1)
Funding
105(1)
Reporting Crime and Applying for Compensation
106(1)
Does Victim Compensation Work?
107(4)
Macro-Level Effects
108(1)
Micro-Level Effects
109(1)
Problems and Concerns with Compensation
109(2)
Summary
111(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 4
111(2)
Chapter 5 Restorative Justice 113(30)
Introduction
113(1)
Dispute Resolution
114(3)
Common Elements in Dispute Resolution Programs
115(1)
Evaluation of Dispute Resolution
116(1)
Restorative Justice
117(23)
The Development of Restorative Justice
120(1)
Theoretical Basis of Restorative Justice
121(1)
Types of Restorative Justice
121(8)
Victim-Offender Mediation
124(1)
Family Group Conferencing
125(2)
Circle Sentencing
127(2)
Summary
129(1)
The Impact of Restorative Justice
129(5)
Satisfaction and Compliance
132(1)
Recidivism
133(1)
Problems and Issues with Restorative Justice
134(6)
Summary
140(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 5
141(2)
Chapter 6 Sexual Assault 143(44)
Introduction
143(1)
Defining Sexual Assault
144(2)
Spousal Rape
144(2)
Date or Acquaintance Rape
146(1)
Measuring the Extent of Rape
146(9)
UCR Information
147(1)
NCVS Information
147(1)
Comparing the UCR with the NCVS Over Time
148(4)
Other Information on Sexual Assault Levels
152(1)
More Recent Efforts
153(2)
The National College Women Sexual Victimization Study
153(1)
The National Violence Against Women Survey
154(1)
Theories of Sexual Assault
155(5)
Intraindividual Theories
155(1)
Sociocultural Explanations
156(1)
Typological Efforts
157(1)
A Model of Sexual Assault
158(1)
Summary
159(1)
The Aftermath of Rape
160(5)
Crisis Reaction
160(1)
The Crisis Reaction Repair Cycle
161(4)
Impact
161(1)
Recoil
162(2)
Reorganization
164(1)
Legal Reforms
165(10)
Compulsory AIDS Testing
165(2)
Consent and Corroboration
167(2)
Shield Provisions
169(1)
Sex Offender Registration
170(5)
The Impact of Legal Reform
175(2)
Macro-Level Effects
175(1)
Micro-Level Effects
176(1)
Summary
177(1)
Responding to Sexual Assault Victims
177(8)
The Police
178(1)
The Hospital
179(4)
Medical Examination
179(3)
Forensic Examination
182(1)
The Prosecutor
183(2)
Summary
185(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 6
185(2)
Chapter 7 Spouse Abuse 187(54)
Introduction
187(1)
A Brief History of Spousal Violence
188(2)
The Extent of Spousal Violence
190(6)
Theories of Spouse Abuse
196(5)
Intraindividual Theories
196(2)
Sociocultural Explanations (Patriarchy)
198(1)
The Social Learning Approach: Learned Helplessness
199(1)
The Cycle of Violence
199(2)
Police Intervention
201(4)
The Arrest Option
201(3)
Nonarrest Options
204(1)
The Minneapolis Experiment
205(2)
Reaction to the Minneapolis Experiment
207(5)
Agency Directives
207(3)
Legislative Reform
210(1)
Academic Concerns
210(2)
The Minneapolis Experiment Replications
212(3)
Prosecutorial and Judicial Action
215(7)
Coordinating System Approaches
222(1)
More Recent Responses
223(15)
Stalking Laws
224(4)
The Lautenberg Amendment
228(1)
Court-Ordered Mandatory Counseling
229(5)
Executive Clemency
234(2)
National Telephone Hotline
236(1)
Fatality Review Systems
237(1)
Summary
238(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 7
239(2)
Chapter 8 Child Maltreatment 241(36)
Introduction
241(1)
The Discovery of Child Maltreatment
241(3)
Understanding the Discovery of Child Maltreatment
244(1)
A Survey of Child Maltreatment Laws
245(7)
Statutory Definitions
245(1)
The Reporter
246(3)
The Report
249(2)
The Central Register
251(1)
Some Trouble Spots
251(1)
The Incidence of Child Maltreatment
252(3)
Some Characteristics of Maltreated Children
255(1)
Theories of Child Maltreatment
256(4)
Intraindividual Theories
257(1)
Sociocultural Explanations
258(1)
The Social Learning Approach
258(2)
Some Coping Strategies
260(15)
Health Screening
261(1)
Education
262(1)
Parents Anonymous
262(2)
Counseling
264(1)
Sex Offender Laws
264(3)
Law Enforcement
267(4)
Legal Reform
271(4)
Summary
275(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 8
275(2)
Chapter 9 Elder Abuse 277(34)
Introduction
277(1)
Defining the Elderly
277(1)
Criminal Victimization of the Elderly
278(1)
Fear of Crime
279(6)
Explaining the Fear-Crime Paradox
280(3)
Measuring Fear
280(1)
Risk
281(2)
Vulnerability
283(2)
Elder Abuse and Neglect
285(5)
The Reemergence of Interest in Elder Abuse
285(2)
Demographic Change
285(1)
Vicarious Victimization
286(1)
Political Action
287(1)
Social Consciousness
287(1)
Defining the Problem
287(3)
The Incidence of Elder Maltreatment
290(3)
Some Characteristics of Victims and Offenders
293(2)
Institutional Abuse
295(4)
Extent of Institutional Abuse
295(2)
Causes of Institutional Abuse
297(1)
Responding to Institutional Abuse
298(1)
Theories of Elder Abuse and Neglect
299(4)
Intraindividual Theories
299(1)
Situational Aspects
300(1)
Symbolic Interactionism
301(1)
Social Exchange
302(1)
Social Attitudes
302(1)
Responding to Elder Abuse and Neglect
303(6)
Mandatory Reporting
303(3)
Social Service Provision
306(1)
Increased Research
307(2)
Summary
309(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 9
309(2)
Chapter 10 Homicide 311(30)
Introduction
311(1)
The Extent of Homicide Victimization
311(7)
Theories of Homicide Victimization
318(15)
Social Interactionism
319(3)
Homicide as a Situated Transaction
319(2)
The Routine Activities/Lifestyle Model
321(1)
Mass Media Influences
322(2)
The "Regional Culture of Violence" Thesis
324(2)
Challenges to the "Regional Culture of Violence" Thesis
326(2)
Cultural Challenges
327(1)
Regional Challenges
327(1)
Medical Resources as an Emerging Theoretical Dimension
328(5)
Conceptual Obstacles
328(1)
The Impact of Medical Resources
329(1)
Empirical Evidence
330(1)
Some Remaining Issues
331(2)
Survivors of Homicide Victimization
333(6)
Death Notification
333(2)
The Bereavement Process
335(4)
Summary
339(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 10
339(2)
Chapter 11 Victimization at Work and School 341(36)
Introduction
341(1)
Victimization at Work
342(12)
Defining Workplace Victimization
342(1)
The Extent of Workplace Victimization
343(5)
Explanations and Causes of Workplace Victimization
348(3)
Intervention and Prevention
351(2)
Responses to Workplace Victimization
353(1)
Victimization at School
354(15)
Victimization in Junior and Senior High Schools
355(1)
The Extent of School Victimization
356(3)
Data on Individual Victimization
356(2)
School-Level Data
358(1)
Responses to School Victimization
359(2)
Explanations and Causes of School Victimization
361(2)
Addressing School Victimization
363(1)
College Campus Victimization
364(5)
The Extent of College Student Victimization
365(2)
Explanations and Causes of College Campus Victimization
367(2)
Sexual Harassment
369(5)
The Extent of Sexual Harassment
371(1)
Responses to Sexual Harassment
372(2)
Summary
374(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 11
375(2)
Chapter 12 Victim Rights 377(28)
Introduction
377(1)
Victim Rights Amendment
378(9)
Federal Constitutional Reform
378(2)
State Constitutional Reform
380(4)
Rekindling Federal Constitutional Reform
384(3)
Victim Rights Legislation
387(9)
Federal Legislative Reform
387(5)
State Legislative Reform
392(4)
The Effect of Victim Rights Legislation
396(1)
Victim Impact Statements
397(3)
The Effect of Victim Impact Statements
397(1)
Federal Supreme Court Rulings
398(2)
Some Closing Thoughts
400(2)
Summary
402(1)
Key Terms for Chapter 12
403(2)
References 405(54)
Subject Index 459(12)
Author Index 471

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