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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-01-01
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Spark your students' interest in writing with VIEWPOINTS. This thematically organized reader offers diverse perspectives on various themes and issues, including social concerns, media, human behavior, cultural differences, and human rights. The readings in VIEWPOINTS spans from grades 10-13. With opening chapters that include substantial writing and reading instruction and writing assignments both at the end of each reading and on the web, VIEWPOINTS takes students' writing and critical-thinking skills to the next level. This thoroughly revised Eighth Edition builds on the success of previous editions with twenty-four new readings, six new thought-provoking photographs, author biographies, and source information for every selection.

Table of Contents

Rhetorical Table of Contentsp. xiii
Prefacep. xix
Viewpoints on Reading and Writing Essaysp. 1
Viewpoints on Reading Essaysp. 2
Keeping a Reading Journalp. 3
Reading Essaysp. 3
The Structure of an Essayp. 3
Thesisp. 4
Supporting Evidencep. 6
Order of Supportp. 15
Before Going Onp. 17
Understanding the Contentp. 17
Separating Main ideas from Supporting Detailsp. 17
Separating Fact from Opinionp. 20
Drawing Inferencesp. 22
Before Going Onp. 26
Marking asYou Readp. 26
The Wet Drugp. 27
Writing Summariesp. 30
Writing Reflectionsp. 32
Collecting Words to Learnp. 33
Before Going Onp. 34
Viewpoints on Writing Essaysp. 35
Getting Started: Finding a Working Thesis (Stage 1)p. 36
Discovering Ideas in Your Reading Journalp. 37
Brainstormingp. 37
Clusteringp. 39
Freewritingp. 41
Before Going Onp. 43
Getting It on Paper: Supporting Your Thesis (Stage 2)p. 44
Refining Your Thesisp. 44
Grouping Your Ideasp. 45
Outlining Your Supportp. 45
Nutshell Statementsp. 49
Patterning Your Paragraphs: The Beginningp. 51
Patterning Your Paragraphs: The Middlep. 52
Patterning Your Paragraphs: The Endingp. 55
Types of Essaysp. 56
Writing an Argumentative Essayp. 56
Purpose and Audience:p. 57
Rational and Emotional Support:p. 57
Logical Fallacies:p. 58
Checking Your Argument:p. 58
First Draftp. 59
Before Going Onp. 61
Getting It Right: Revising and Editing (Stage 3)p. 61
Revisingp. 62
Revision Requirementsp. 65
Proofreadingp. 70
Before Going Onp. 74
Revising and Editing Checklists: Brief Versionsp. 74
Revision Checklist (pages 62-63):p. 74
Editing Checklist (pages 66-68):p. 75
Peer Editingp. 75
Readings Worth Thinking and Writing Aboutp. 77
Viewpoints on Acquiring Knowledgep. 78
To Really Learn, Quit Studying and Take a Testp. 81
"Taking a test is not just a passive mechanism for assessing how much people know, according to new research. It actually helps people learn."
To Err Is Wrongp. 87
"We learn by our failures. A person's errors are the whacks that lead him to think something different"
In Praise of the F Wordp. 94
"Passing students who have not mastered the work cheats them and the employers who expect graduates to have basic skills."
Zerop. 98
"I was nineteen when I bombed out of my first year of college."
Toward a Rational Response to Plagiarismp. 105
"Plagiarism is making us crazy."
How Dumb Are We?p. 112
"This country's future is imperiled by our ignorance."
Cutting N-Word fromTwain Is Not Censorshipp. 117
"Making a more appropriate version of Mark Twain's novel available to the public, while certainly a move to maximize profits, opens the door for the book to be enjoyed in schools that are not interested in traumatizing students in order to educate them."
"Take the N-Word Out of 'Huck Finn'? It's an Insult to Mark Twain-and to American History"p. 122
"Sanitizing the language which aided and abetted white America's denial of the humanity of black Americans from the nation's founding doesn't change that history. It papers over and allows us to dodge its rawness."
Viewpoints on Human Behaviorp. 127
Call Me Crazy, But I Have to Be Myselfp. 129
"Being a functional member of society and having a mental disorder is1 an intricate balancing act."
NightWalkerp. 135
"I soon gathered that being perceived as dangerous is a hazard in itself."
Human Resources: The Seven Classic Types of Workplace Behaviorp. 141
"In any workplace, there are seven classic styles of behavior: Commander, Drifter, Attacker, Pleaser, Performer, Avoider, and Analytical."
The Partying Habit That Can Put You in Dangerp. 146
"Drinking is part of life for many 20-somethings. But beware: there's one boozing practice that makes you vulnerable to all kinds of bad things."
Social Experiment: Know Thy Neighborp. 152
"I asked myself: Do I live in a community or just in a house on a street surrounded by people whose lives are entirely separate from my own?"
The Tire Iron and the Tamalep. 157
"During this past year, I've had three instances of car trouble: a blowout on a freeway, a bunch of blown fuses, and an out-of-gas situation."
"The Ghetto Made Me Do It"p. 163
"In the girl's neighborhood and in her family, Shellow argued, violence is a norm, an occurrence so routine that Morgan's 17 years of exposure to it have rendered her not responsible for her actions."
Seeking the Roots of Violencep. 168
"Can society's ills really be responsible for all the savagery that is sweeping America? Or could some people be predisposed to violence by their genes?"
chapter-5 Viewpoints on Cultural Differencesp. 176
Veiled Intentions: Don't Judge a Muslim Girl by Her Coveringp. 179
"… no one should suffer for what they look like or what they wear."
Differences in Cross-Cultural Communication Stylesp. 187
"We should first realize that there is no such thing as a universal form of communication."
The Great Dividep. 192
" 'Our families have struggled to come here for a better future and then we still have to struggle with people who are from our own race.' "
Where I Come From Is LikeThisp. 200
"We are absent from much of white history except when we are calmly, rationally, succinctly, and systematically dehumanized."
Cultural Differencesp. 205
"There are cultural variations in how people understand and use time."
Cultural Differences Among Patientsp. 211
"The danger in considering cultural differences is that of stereotyping people. All of us are unique."
Fish Cheeksp. 216
"You must be proud to be different. Your only shame is to have shame."
After Two Years in the Melting Potp. 219
"After twenty months of observing American life, I had become more satisfied with the idea of my simple life in China, and I hoped that our country would never be one in which money is of first importance."
Viewpoints on Social Concernsp. 225
Your Mirror Image?p. 228
"Study after study has found that mothers who are fixated on their body image are more likely to have daughters with eating disorders than less self-conscious moms."
Memories of a Sweet, Lethal, Smoke-Filled Homep. 232
"The most beautiful smoke that balleted through the air-plié, pirouette and sissonne-ribboning with elegance in certain slants of light on Sunday afternoons was that unfiltered smoke that danced into my mother, my brothers and me from the warm, glowing tip of my father's cigarettes."
Shut Up About My Truckp. 236
"Contrary to the current fad, you don't become a better planetary citizen simply by investing in a more fuel-efficient car."
Evil Weed or Useful Drug?p. 240
"The tide seems to be turning in favor of wider medical use of marijuana."
Bottomless Drinking Ban on College Campusesp. 246
"Nationally, college has come to symbolize frat parties and underage drinking."
Ethics for Salep. 250
"Managed by a company called SFBC International … the 675 bed Miami testing center has been recruiting undocumented Latino immigrants desperate for money, housing them in a converted Holiday Inn, and paying them to take untested drugs."
Animal Testing Necessary in Medical Researchp. 256
"Animal testing, though controversial, is an important and necessary tool in modern medical research."
Of Cures and Creatures Great and Smallp. 260
"About 20 million animals are experimented on and killed annually, three-fourths for medical purposes and the rest to test various products."
Viewpoints on Marriage, Family and Relationshipsp. 267
The Estrangementp. 269
"Three years before my mother died, I decided not to speak to her again."
The Perfect Familyp. 274
"If I felt deprived as a child, it was only when our family was measured against some notion of what we were supposed to be."
Why I Love My Strict Chinese Momp. 279
"If I died tomorrow, I would die feeling I've lived my whole life at 110 percent."
Black Unlike Mep. 285
"I had already done that thing again. That thing that white parents who have black children do: we move from racially clueless to racially conscious in the most clumsy of ways, never turning off our radar or putting down our dukes."
Boys Mow Lawns, Girls Wash Dishesp. 289
"The way parents are divvying up and paying kids for chores suggests this is one family battle that will extend well into the next generation and beyond."
I DON'T: The Case Against Marriagep. 293
"Happily ever after doesn't have to include 'I do'."
Speaking Out: Why Gay Marriage Would Be Harmfulp. 300
ô… we believe that the introduction of gay marriage will seriously harm Americans … over the long run."
Who Cares If Gays Marry?p. 306
"In truth, homosexuality is not un-American: denying homosexuals their rights is."
Viewpoints on Workp. 312
The Power Mom Backlashp. 314
"In a fifth of marriages, wives now out-earn their husbands."
The Company Manp. 320
"He worked himself to death, finally and precisely, at 3:00 a.m. Sunday morning."
Hey, America: Take a Vacationp. 324
"Nowadays the average European gets about three times as many days of vacation as his counterpart in America."
A Father's Character, Not His Success, Shapes Kids' Careersp. 328
ôThe father's role in our society in terms of an offspring's career choice is very powerful."
Two Cheers for Sweatshopsp. 333
"Nothing captures the difference in mind-set between East and West more than the attitudes toward sweatshops."
The Benefits of Outsourcing for Small Businessesp. 340
Outsourcing providers assume and manage this risk for you, and they generally are much better at deciding how to avoid risk in their areas of expertise.
Outsourcing Jobs Leaves the American White-Collar Worker Behindp. 344
"Outsourcing might be good for American corporations, but it's not necessarily good for American workers, and it's likely to be bad for the American economy, even in the long run."
Viewpoints on the Media and Technologyp. 350
Where Steve Jobs Ranks Among the Greatsp. 352
"It seems hopeless. How can the newspaper industry survive the Internet?"
The Issue Isn't Sex, It's Violencep. 358
"I always find myself annoyed when 'intellectual' men dismiss violence against women with a yawn, as if it were beneath their dignity to notice."
"It is not only proponents of democracy who know how to exploit the power of online networking. It is also the enemies of freedom."
The Dumbing of Americap. 364
"Call Me a Snob, but Really, We're a Nation of Dunces."
Society Is Dead: We Have Retreated into the iWorldp. 370
"It's strange to be among so many people and hear so little. Except that each one is hearing so much."
Televising Humiliationp. 375
"But to hold viewers' interest, the levels of shame have inevitably kept growing."
The Future of the Webp. 380
"The boundless credible expectations of the Internet will enhance our lives, improve our work, free up our time, expand our contacts, and give most of us greater satisfaction in our activities."
The Information Revolution Will Not Be a Panaceap. 388
"Even when everyone on the planet has been connected to the Internet, there will still be wars, and pollution, and inequality"
Viewpoints on the Environmentp. 395
Global Warmingp. 397
"Politicians, the media, big business, scientists, and environmentalists all play conflicting roles in the global warming debate."
The Big Business of Conservationp. 402
"Corruption has destroyed America's mainstream environmental groups."
Facts Show Global Warming Is Realp. 409
"Despite the naysayers, global warming is real."
Is a Green World a Safer World?p. 415
"Greening the world will certainly eliminate some of the most serious risks we face, but it will also create new ones."
Nuclear Energy Is Cheap and Reliablep. 422
"At a time when we need to produce large amounts of clean power at home, at a cost that will not chase jobs overseas looking for cheap energy, Americans can't afford to ignore nuclear power."
New Nuclear Reactors Would Be Too Riskyp. 426
"Too many questions remain about new nuclear power designs. Are they accident-proof? Will they survive an earthquake? A terrorist attack?"
Appendixp. 432
Acknowledgmentsp. 441
Indexp. 445
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