9781573312578

In Vivo Body Composition Studies

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781573312578

  • ISBN10:

    1573312576

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-02-01
  • Publisher: New York Academy of Sciences

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Table of Contents

Preface
Body Composition Comes of Age: A Modest Proposal for the Next Generation. The New Reference Manp. 1
Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Human Body Composition Research: From Quantitative to Qualitative Tissue Measurementp. 12
Composition of Skeletal Muscle Evaluated with Computed Tomographyp. 18
Observation of Intramyocellular Lipids by [superscript 1]H-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopyp. 25
In Vivo Determination of Body Composition of Rats Using Magnetic Resonance Imagingp. 32
Study of the Isolated Perfused Rat Heart Exposed to Ischemia Using [superscript 31]P NMR Surface Coilp. 42
Assessing Body Composition and Changes in Body Composition: Another Look at Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometryp. 45
Total Body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry Is a Good Measure of Both Fat Mass and Fat-free Mass in Liver Cirrhosis Compared to "Gold-Standard" Techniquesp. 55
Comparisons between Hologic QDR 1000W, QDR 4500A, and Lunar Expert Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Scanners used for Measuring Total Body Bone and Soft Tissuep. 63
Comparison of Air-Displacement Plethysmography, Hydrodensitometry, and Dual X-ray Absorptiometry for Assessing Body Composition of Children 10 to 18 Years of Agep. 72
Measurements of Body Composition by Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Improve Prediction of Energy Expenditurep. 79
Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Measurements of the Body Composition of Pigs of 90- to 130-Kilograms Body Weightp. 85
Measurement of Changes in Soft Tissue Mass and Fat Mass with Weight Change: Pencil- versus Fan-Beam Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometryp. 94
Accuracy of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry in Infant Scans: An Assessment Using Anthropomorphic Phantomsp. 98
Validation of Estimates of Body Composition by Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry in Fluid Overload Conditionsp. 101
Validation of Estimates of Lean Tissue Mass Made by Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometryp. 104
Comparison of Two Phantoms for Body Composition with Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometryp. 107
K-40 and Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Estimates of Lean Weight Compared: Normals and Patients with Neuromuscular Diseasep. 111
A New Measuring Device for Quantifying the Amount of Mineral in the Heel Bonep. 115
Evaluation of a New DXA Fan-Beam Instrument for Measuring Body Compositionp. 118
Underestimation of Fat-free Mass in Women, but Not Men, by Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry: Comparison with Total Body Potassium and Bio-electrical Impedance Analysisp. 126
Of Mermaids and Mountains: Three Decades of Prompt Activation in Vivop. 128
Assessment of Background Hydrogen by the Monte Carlo Computer Code MCNP-4A during Measurements of Total Body Nitrogenp. 134
In Vivo Elemental Partition Analysis Using Fast Neutrons: A Tool for Testing the Efficacy of New Clinical Interventionsp. 140
Calibration of the Brookhaven National Laboratory Delayed Gamma Neutron Activation Facility to Measure Total Body Calciump. 148
Estimation of Extracellular Water by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis of Brominep. 152
Assessing Regional Muscle Mass with Segmental Measurements of Bioelectrical Impedance in Obese Women during Weight Lossp. 154
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis: What Does It Measure?p. 159
Hydrational Status Assessed by Bioelectrical Impedance Spectroscopy and Dilution Methods in Patients with Classical Dengue Feverp. 163
Using Localized Impedance Measurements to Study Muscle Changes in Injury and Diseasep. 171
Comparison of Whole Body and Segmental Bioimpedance Methodologes for Estimating Total Body Waterp. 181
Relationships between Bioelectric Resistance and Somatotype in 9- to 11-Year-Old Childrenp. 187
Use of Bioimpedance Spectroscopy to Assess Effects of Perioperative Treatment with Growth Hormone on Fluid Changes in Patients Undergoing Major Surgeryp. 190
A Solution with an Elemental Composition of Reference Man for Calibrating in Vivo Neutron-Activation Analysis Scannersp. 193
Is There Advantage in Using Multiple Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis to Predict Gentamicin Distribution Volume in Neonates?p. 196
Association between Ethnicity, Body Mass Index, and Bioelectrical Impedance: Implications for the Population Specificity of Prediction Equationsp. 199
Estimation of Body Composition by Multifrequency Bioimpedance Measurement in Childrenp. 203
Bioelectrical Impedance Spectroscopy in Health and Disease: Correspondence between Whole Body and Segmental Bioelectrical Impedance Spectroscopy Indices in Patients with Classical Dengue Feverp. 205
Bioelectrical Impedance Spectroscopy and Body Compositionp. 210
Low-Impedance Localized Measurements Using Standard Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Instrumentsp. 214
Appendicular Lean Body Mass: Prediction by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysisp. 218
The Effect of Electrode Placement in Measuring Ipsilateral/Contralateral Segmental Bioelectrical Impedancep. 221
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Prediction Equations differ between African Americans and Caucasians, but It Is Not Clear Whyp. 225
A New Theoretical Model for Predicting Bioelectrical Impedance Analysisp. 227
Gamma Resonance Absorption: New Approach in Human Body Composition Studiesp. 229
Gamma Ray Nuclear Resonance Absorption: An Alternative Method for in Vivo Body Composition Studiesp. 236
Assessment of Body Volume Using Three-Dimensional Photonic Scanningp. 247
Feasibility of a Fluorescent X-ray Source for in Vivo X-ray Fluorescence Measurements of Kidney and Liver Cadmiump. 255
Total Body Capacitance Correlates with Total Body Potassiump. 259
In Vivo Measurement of Platinum in the Kidneys Using X-ray Fluorescencep. 263
Perquisite Spin-off from Twenty-Two Years of Measuring Background in the Whole Body Counter Steel Roomp. 267
Response Function of the BGO and Nal(T1) Detectors Using Monte Carlo Simulationsp. 271
The Assessment of Stature Using an Infrared Techniquep. 276
Lead Accumulation in Highly Exposed Smelter Workersp. 280
Bone Hydroxyapatite/Collagen Ratio: In Vivo Measurements by X-ray Absorptiometryp. 284
Plasma Sample Preparation by Ultrafiltration for Total Body Water Determinationp. 287
Body Composition Modeling: Application to Exploration of the Resting Energy Expenditure Fat-free Mass Relationshipp. 290
Modeling Leg Sections by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis, Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry, and Anthropometry: Assessing Segmental Muscle Volume Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging as a Referencep. 298
Cellular-Level Body Composition Model: A New Approach to Studying Fat-free Mass Hydrationp. 306
Epidemiological Applications of Body Composition: The Effects and Adjustment of Measurement Errorsp. 312
Anthropometry in Body Composition: An Overviewp. 317
Using Simple Anthropometric Parameters to Develop Formulas for Estimating Weight and Height in Chinese Adultsp. 327
The Best Predictive Model for Estimating Fat-free Massp. 333
A Comparison of Body Composition Techniquesp. 335
Skinfolds versus Bioimpedance Analysis for Predicting Fat-free Massp. 339
The "B" in the Selinger Four-Compartment Body Composition Formula Should Be Body Mineral Instead of Bone Mineralp. 342
Total Body Protein in Chronic Diseases and in Agingp. 345
Changes in Body Fluids during Endurance Rowing Trainingp. 353
Body Fat Content Influences the Body Composition Response to Nutrition and Exercisep. 359
Total Body Potassium in Healthy Italians and Americans: A Cross-Calibration Studyp. 366
Effects of Exercise and Dietary Fat upon Body Composition: A Study in a Rat Modelp. 369
Analysis of Variance/Covariance of Effect of Working Posture on Body Compositionp. 372
The Reference Child and Adolescent Models of Body Composition: A Contemporary Comparisonp. 374
Body Composition Measurements during Infancyp. 383
Factors Influencing Body Composition of Premature Infants at Term-Adjusted Agep. 393
Value of Total Body Potassium in Assessing the Nutritional Status of Children with End-Stage Liver Diseasep. 400
A Prospective Study of Body Composition Changes in Children with Cystic Fibrosisp. 406
Body Composition Changes during Tanner Stage 5p. 410
Blood Pressure, Blood Insulin, and Anthropometry in Obese Children: A Preliminary Reportp. 416
Change of Body Composition in Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa: Comparison of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis and Total Body Potassiump. 418
Annual Changes in Total Body Fat and Fat-free Mass in Children from 8 to 18 Years in Relation to Changes in Body Mass Index: The Fels Longitudinal Studyp. 420
Body Composition of Children in a Depressed Economyp. 424
Prediction Models for Bone Mineral Content in School-Aged Childrenp. 428
Lean Mass of Children in Various Nutritional States: Comparison between Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry and Anthropometryp. 433
Body Composition in Healthy Agingp. 437
Smaller Organ Tissue Mass in the Elderly Fails to Explain Lower Resting Metabolic Ratep. 449
Reexamining the Sarcopenia Hypothesis: Muscle Mass versus Muscle Strengthp. 456
Waist Circumference and Sagittal Diameter Reflect Total Body Fat Better Than Visceral Fat in Older Men and Women: The Health, Aging and Body Composition Studyp. 462
Body Water Spaces and Cellular Hydration during Healthy Agingp. 474
Body Composition by Air Displacement Plethysmography in Middle-Aged and Elderly Japanese: Comparison with Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometryp. 484
Influence of Body Composition on Bone Mineral Content in Elderly Women: A Preliminary Reportp. 489
Fat Distribution and Health in Obesityp. 491
Menopause-Related Changes in Body Fat Distributionp. 502
Total Body Calcium in Obese Women: Validation of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry against in Vivo Neutron Activation Analysisp. 507
Relative Overhydration of Fat-free Mass in Postobese versus Never-Obese Subjectsp. 514
Longitudinal Assessment of Intra-abdominal Fat in Postmenopausal Womenp. 520
Effect of a Weight-Reduction Program on Total and Regional Body Composition in Obese Postmenopausal Womenp. 526
Reproducibility of Body Measurements in Very Obese Postmenopausal Womenp. 536
Measurement of Percent Body Fat during Weight Loss in Obese Women: Comparison of Four Methodsp. 539
Association between Leptin, Insulin, and Body Fat Distribution in 2-Diabetes Mellitusp. 542
Body Composition Studies in HIV-Infected Individualsp. 546
Sarcopenic Obesity: Does Muscle Loss Cause Fat Gain? Lessons from Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritisp. 553
Body Composition Assessed by Neutron Activation Analysis in Dialysis Patientsp. 558
Bone Mass and Gastrointestinal Diseasep. 564
Early Diagnosis of Lymphedema in Postsurgery Breast Cancer Patientsp. 571
Effect of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone on Regional Tissue Distribution in Growth Hormone-Deficient Malesp. 576
The Prognostic Value of Body Protein in Patients with Lung Cancerp. 584
Similarity of Changes in Body Composition in Intensive Care Patients following Severe Sepsis or Major Blunt Injuryp. 592
Positive Impact of Protease Inhibitors on Body Composition and Energy Expenditure in HIV-Infected and AIDS Patientsp. 603
Effects of Whey Protein and Resistance Exercise on Body Composition and Muscle Strength in Women with HIV Infectionp. 607
The Usefulness of Walking for Preventing Sarcopenia in Dieting Postmenopausal Women Complaining of Knee Painp. 610
Longitudinal Study of Patients with Anorexia Nervosa 6 to 10 Years after Treatment: Impact of Adequate Weight Restoration on Outcomep. 614
Changes in Body Composition and Resting Energy Expenditure in Anorectic Patients after a Weight Gain of Fifteen Percentp. 617
Body Composition in Homozygous [beta]-Thalassemiap. 621
Bone Density and Body Composition in Young Women with Chronic Fatigue Syndromep. 625
In Vivo Body Composition Studies of Young Adult Males Participating in the Cleanup of the Chernobyl Nucler Power Plantp. 628
Relevance of, and Potentiality for, in Vivo Intrathyroidal Iodine Determinationp. 630
Index of Contributorsp. 633
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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