Voices of the American Past Documents in U.S. History, Volume I

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-05-03
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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VOICES OF THE AMERICAN PAST is a two-volume reader that presents a variety of diverse perspectives through more than 230 primary sources. Excerpts from speeches, letters, journals, magazine articles, hearings and government documents raise issues from both public and private aspects of American life throughout history. A "Guide to Reading and Interpreting Documents" in the front matter explains how and why historians use primary source evidence, and outlines basic points to help students learn to analyze sources. Brief headnotes set each source into context. "Questions to Consider" precede each document, offering prompts for critical thinking and reflection. The volumes are organized chronologically into 31 chapters, with the Reconstruction chapter overlapping in both volumes -- corresponding to the splits of most survey texts.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
A Guide to Reading and Interpreting Documentsp. xvii
Diverse Beginningsp. 1
The Spanish Letter of Columbus to Luis Sant' Angel (1493)p. 1
Early New York (1626)p. 3
Jesuit Comparison of French and Native Life (1657-1658)p. 6
Captain John Smith Describes the Founding of Jamestown (1607)p. 8
General Considerations for the Plantation in New England (1629)p. 11
William Bradford on Sickness among the Natives (1633)p. 12
"Captivity Account" of Mary Rowlandson (1675)p. 14
The Pueblo Revolt (1680)p. 15
Seventeenth-Century Florida as Described by Shipwrecked Englishman (1699)p. 17
Emerging Colonial Societiesp. 21
A Treaty Between the Five Nations and the New England Colonies (1689)p. 21
Petition of an Accused Witch (1692)p. 24
"Pennsylvania, the Poor Man's Paradise" (1698)p. 25
Of the Servants and Slaves in Virginia (1705)p. 28
Cotton Mather on the Evils of "Self-Pollution" (1723)p. 30
The Dilemma of New France (1724)p. 32
Eliza Lucas, a Modern Woman (1741-1742)p. 35
Toward an American Identityp. 38
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" (1741)p. 38
A Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge among the British Plantations of America (1743)p. 41
Pennsylvania Assembly Comments on German Immigration (1755)p. 43
The Albany Plan of Union (1754)p. 45
Edmund Burke on British Motives in the Seven Years' War (1762)p. 48
"The Pontiac Manuscript" (1763)p. 49
"What Is an American?" (1770)p. 51
Olaudah Equiano Describes the "Middle Passage" (1789)p. 53
Coming of the Revolutionp. 56
John Locke on Political Society and Government (1689)p. 56
Cato's Letters (1721)p. 58
Stamp Act Riots (1765)p. 60
Ann Hulton, Loyalist View of Colonial Unrest (1774)p. 62
Englishwoman's Appeal to the People of Great Britain on the Crisis in America (1775)p. 63
Abigail Smith Adams on the British Occupation of Boston (1775)p. 66
A Loyalist Perspective on the Coming of the Revolution (1780)p. 69
Introduction to Common Sense (1776)p. 71
A Speech against Independence (1776)p. 73
Creating the New Nationp. 76
German Doctor's Account of War and Surgery (1777)p. 76
The Articles of Confederation (1777)p. 79
Voting Qualifications in Virginia (1779)p. 81
The Battle of King's Mountain and Loyalism in the Carolinas (1780)p. 83
Women's Contributions to the War Effort (1780)p. 85
The Quock Walker Decision (1783)p. 88
Failure of the Continental Congress (1786)p. 89
The Northwest Ordinance (1787)p. 91
Grievances of the Shays Rebels (1786)p. 94
Pennsylvania Dissent to the Ratification of the Constitution (1787)p. 96
Federalist Number 10 (1788)p. 99
The Limits of Republicanismp. 103
Judith Sargent Murray on the Equality of the Sexes (1790)p. 103
Benjamin Banneker to Thomas Jefferson, Blacks and Liberty in the New Nation (1791)p. 106
Alexander Hamilton Speaks in Favor of the National Bank (1791)p. 108
Opposing Views of the Whiskey Rebellion (1794)p. 112
George Washington's "Farewell Address" (1796)p. 115
Description of a Conversion Experience at Cane Ridge, Kentucky (1801)p. 117
Marbury v. Madison (1803)p. 120
Resolutions of the Hartford Convention (1815)p. 123
The New Nation and Its Place in the Worldp. 125
Military Disaster on the Ohio Frontier (1791)p. 125
Jefferson's Instructions to Robert Livingston, Minister to France (1802)p. 127
Heading West with Lewis and Clark (1804)p. 129
A Frontier View of the Chesapeake Affair (1807)p. 132
Tecumseh on White Encroachment (1810)p. 134
Margaret Bayard Smith on the Burning of Washington, DC (1814)p. 136
Tennessee Expansionists on the Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)p. 139
The Monroe Doctrine (1823)p. 140
The Rise of Democracyp. 143
Fanny Wright on Equality (1830)p. 143
Daniel Webster's Second Reply to Robert Y. Hayne (1830)p. 145
Commentary on Elections in Jacksonian America (1832)p. 147
The American System (1832)p. 149
Andrew Jackson's Bank Veto Message (1832)p. 151
The Cherokee Phoenix on Georgia Policy Toward the Cherokee (1832)p. 153
South Carolina Nullifies the Tariff (1832)p. 155
"Spirit of Jacksonism" (1832)p. 156
Society and Economy in the Northp. 160
Promoting the Erie Canal (1818)p. 160
Charles G. Finney Describes the Rochester Revival (1830-1831)p. 162
American Mania for Railroads (1834)p. 164
"Americans on the Move" (1835)p. 166
Urban Riots (1835)p. 168
A German Traveler on Race Relations in the North (1839)p. 170
Women Workers Protest "Lowell Wage Slavery" (1847)p. 173
"On Irish Emigration" (1852)p. 174
A Chinese American at Yale (1850)p. 177
Social Reformp. 180
Lyman Beecher on Intemperance (1825)p. 180
"Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World" (1829)p. 183
William Lloyd Garrison on Slavery (1831)p. 185
Evidence against the Views of the Abolitionists (1833)p. 187
Sarah Grimke Argues for Gender Equality (1837)p. 190
Horace Mann on Educational Reform (1840)p. 193
"Declaration of Sentiments," Seneca Falls Convention (1848)p. 195
Manifest Destinyp. 198
Texas and California Annexation (1845)p. 198
American Description of Mexican Women in Santa Fe (1845)p. 201
Mob Violence against Mormons (1846)p. 203
Life on the Overland Trail (1846)p. 205
Mexican View of U.S. Occupation (1841)p. 207
San Francisco and the California Gold Rush (1848)p. 209
"Civil Disobedience" (1849)p. 211
The Question of Cuban Annexation (1853)p. 213
Slavery and the Old Southp. 216
The Alabama Frontier (1821)p. 216
The Trial of Denmark Vesey (1822)p. 218
A Reaction to the Nat Turner Revolt (1831)p. 220
The Plantation Labor Force (1838-1839)p. 222
Labor at the Tredegar Iron Works (1847)p. 224
Martin Delany and African American Nationalism (1852)p. 226
A Slave Describes Sugar Cultivation (1853)p. 228
A Defense of Southern Society (1854)p. 230
The Southern Yeomen (1860)p. 231
Origins of the Civil Warp. 234
An African American Minister Responds to the Fugitive Slave Law (1851)p. 234
Southern Review of Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)p. 236
Charles Sumner on "Bleeding Kansas" (1856)p. 237
Chicago Tribune on the Dred Scott v. Sanford Decision (1857)p. 240
Sensible Hints to the South (1858)p. 242
The Freeport Doctrine (1858)p. 243
Frederick Douglass on John Brown (1859)p. 246
Inaugural Address of South Carolina Governor Francis Pickens (1860)p. 249
The Civil Warp. 252
Mary Boykin Chesnut, the Attack on Fort Sumter (1861)p. 252
"A War to Preserve the Union" (1861)p. 254
Jefferson Davis Responds to the Emancipation Proclamation (1862)p. 256
African American Troops in Combat (1863)p. 258
George Pickett on the "Charge" (1863)p. 259
New York City Draft Riots (1863)p. 261
The Southern Home Front (1863)p. 263
General William T. Sherman on War (1864)p. 266
Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address (1865)p. 268
Reconstructionp. 271
A Northern Teacher's View of the Freedmen (1863-1865)p. 271
Charleston, South Carolina, at the Conclusion of the Civil War (1865)p. 214
African Americans Seek Protection (1865)p. 276
Thaddeus Stevens on Reconstruction and the South (1865)p. 278
A White Southern Perspective on Reconstruction (1868)p. 281
The Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction (1872)p. 283
An African American Congressman Calls for Civil Rights (1874)p. 287
The Situation for African Americans in the South (1879)p. 290
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