Voices of the American Past, Volume I

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-02-09
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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VOICES OF THE AMERICAN PAST is a two-volume reader that presents a variety of diverse perspectives through more than 240 primary sources. Excerpts from speeches, letters, journals, magazine articles, hearings and government documents raise issues from both public and private aspects of American life throughout history. A ?Guide to Reading and Interpreting Documents? in the front matter explains how and why historians use primary source evidence, and outlines basic points to help readers learn to analyze sources. Brief headnotes set each source into context. ?Questions to Consider? precede each document, offering prompts for critical thinking and reflection. The volumes are organized chronologically into 27 chapters, with the Reconstruction chapter overlapping in both volumes.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Fifth Editionp. xii
A Guide to Reading and Interpreting Documents and Imagesp. xiv
About the Authorsp. xviii
Diverse Beginningsp. 1
The Spanish Letter of Columbus to Luis Sant' Angel (1493)p. 1
Images of Sixteenth-Century Native American Lifep. 3
Powhatan and John Smith (1608)p. 5
An Indentured Servant Writes Home (1623)p. 7
Early New York (1626)p. 9
Jesuit Comparison of French and Native Life (1657-1658)p. 12
General Considerations for the Plantation in New England (1629)p. 15
William Bradford on Sickness Among the Natives (1633)p. 16
˘Captivity Account÷ of Mary Rowlandson (1675)p. 18
The Pueblo Revolt (1680)p. 19
The Indians and Missions of Florida (1675)p. 22
Emerging Colonial Societiesp. 25
A Treaty Between the Five Nations and the New England. Colonies (1689)p. 25
Petition of an Accused Witch (1692)p. 28
˘Pennsylvania, the Poor Man's Paradise÷ (1698)p. 29
Of the Servants and Slaves in Virginia (1705)p. 32
The Dilemma of New France (1724)p. 34
New York Slave Conspiracy (1741)p. 37
Eliza Lucas a Modern Woman (1741-1742)p. 39
Toward an American Identityp. 42
˘Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God÷ (1741)p. 42
Chief Canassatego Speaks at the Treaty of Lancaster (1744)p. 45
Pennsylvania Assembly Comments on German Immigration (1755)p. 47
The Albany Plan of Union (1754)p. 49
Edmund Burke on British Motives in the Seven Years' War (1762)p. 52
˘The Pontiac Manuscript÷ (1763)p. 53
˘What Is an American?÷ (1770)p. 55
Account of the African Slave Trade (1788)p. 58
Coming of the Revolutionp. 61
John Locke on Political Society and Government (1689)p. 61
Stamp Act Riots (1765)p. 64
Images of Colonial Resistance (1760s-1770s)p. 65
Ann Hulton Loyalist View of Colonial Unrest (1774)p. 68
Englishwoman's Appeal to the People of Great Britain on the Crisis in America (1775)p. 69
Abigail Smith Adams on the British Occupation of Boston (1775)p. 72
A Loyalist Perspective on the Coming of the Revolution (1780)p. 75
Introduction to Common Sense (1776)p. 77
A Speech against Independence (1776)p. 79
Creating the New Nationp. 82
German Doctor's Account of War and Surgery (1777)p. 83
Articles of Confederation (1777)p. 85
The Revolution in Indian Countryp. 88
The Battle of King's Mountain and Loyalism in the Carolinas (1780)p. 91
Women's Contributions to the War Effort (1780)p. 92
European View of the American Revolution (1778/80, 1783)p. 96
Failure of the Continental Congress (1786)p. 98
The Northwest Ordinance (1787)p. 100
Grievances of the Shays Rebels (1786)p. 102
Pennsylvania Dissent to the Ratification of the Constitution (1787)p. 105
Federalist Number 10 (1788)p. 108
The Limits of Republicanismp. 112
Cato Petitions for His Freedom (1781)p. 112
Judith Sargent Murray on the Equality of the Sexes (1790)p. 114
Alexander Hamilton Speaks in Favor of the National Bank (1791)p. 116
Opposing Views of the Whiskey Rebellion (1794)p. 120
George Washington's ˘Farewell Address÷ (1796)p. 124
Description of a Conversion Experience at Cane Ridge, Kentucky (1801)p. 126
Marbury v. Madison (1803)p. 129
Resolutions of the Hartford Convention (1815)p. 132
The New Nation and Its Place in the Worldp. 134
Military Disaster on the Ohio Frontier (1791)p. 135
Jefferson's Instructions to Robert Livingston, Minister to France (1802)p. 137
Heading West with Lewis and Clark (1804)p. 139
Jefferson His Opponents (1800, 1807)p. 142
Tecumseh on White Encroachment (1810)p. 144
Margaret Bayard Smith on the Burning of Washington, DC (1814)p. 146
Tennessee Expansionists on the Adams-OnÝs Treaty (1819)p. 149
The Monroe Doctrine (1823)p. 151
The Rise of Democracyp. 153
Fanny Wright on Equality (1830)p. 153
Daniel Webster's Second Reply to Robert Y. Hayne (1830)p. 156
Commentary on Elections in Jacksonian America (1832)p. 158
The American System (1832)p. 160
Andrew Jackson's Bank Veto Message (1832)p. 162
The Cherokee Phoenix on Georgia Policy Toward the Cherokee (1832)p. 165
South Carolina Nullifies the Tariff (1832)p. 166
Images of Jacksonian Politicsp. 168
Society and Economy in the Northp. 171
Promoting the Erie Canal (1818)p. 172
Differing Views of a Changing Society (1827, 1836)p. 174
Charles G. Finney Describes the Rochester Revival (1830-1831)p. 176
American Mania for Railroads (1834)p. 178
˘Americans on the Move÷ (1835)p. 180
A Petition to Integrate the Schools (1842)p. 182
Women Workers Protest ˘Lowell Wage Slavery÷ (1847)p. 185
˘On Irish Emigration÷ (1852)p. 187
Social Reformp. 190
˘Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World÷ (1829)p. 191
William Lloyd Garrison on Slavery (1831)p. 194
Evidence Against the Views of the Abolitionists (1833)p. 196
Sarah GrimkÚ Argues for Gender Equality (1837)p. 198
The Temperance Crusade (1818, 1846)p. 201
˘Declaration of Sentiments,÷ Seneca Falls Convention (1848)p. 203
Manifest Destinyp. 207
Mid-Nineteenth Century Images of Race and Nationp. 207
Texas and California Annexation (1845)p. 210
American Description of Mexican Women in Santa Fe (1845)p. 212
Life on the Overland Trail (1846)p. 214
Mexican View of U.S. Occupation (1847)p. 216
Mormons Describe Entering the Salt Lake Valley (1848)p. 218
Local Reaction to the Gold Rush (1848)p. 220
Images of Chinese Immigrants (1852, 1860)p. 222
˘Civil Disobedience÷ (1849)p. 225
The Question of Cuban Annexation (1853)p. 227
Slavery and the Old Southp. 230
The Alabama Frontier (1821)p. 230
The Trial of Denmark Vesey (1822)p. 232
A Reaction to the Nat Turner Revolt (1831)p. 234
The Plantation Labor Force (1838-1839)p. 236
Labor at the Tredegar Iron Works (1847)p. 238
Martin Delany and African American Nationalism (1852)p. 240
A Slave Describes Sugar Cultivation (1853)p. 242
A Defense of Southern Society (1854)p. 244
Images of Slave Life (1858, 1860)p. 246
The Southern Yeomen (1860)p. 248
Origins of the Civil Warp. 250
An African American Minister Responds to the Fugitive Slave Law (1851)p. 250
Southern Review of Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)p. 252
American (know nothing) Party Platform (1856)p. 254
Charles Sumner on ˘Bleeding Kansas÷ (1856)p. 256
Chicago Tribune on the Dred Scott v. Sanford Decision (1851)p. 259
Sensible Hints to the South (1858)p. 261
Frederick Douglass on John Brown (1859)p. 263
Cartoonists Depict the Issues of the Day (1860)p. 265
Inaugural Address of South Carolina Governor Francis Pickens (1860)p. 267
Northern Participation in the Slave Trade (1862)p. 270
The Civil Warp. 273
Mary Boykin Chesnut, the Attack on Fort Sumter (1861)p. 273
˘A War to Preserve the Union÷ (1861)p. 275
Jefferson Davis Responds to the Emancipation Proclamation (1862)p. 277
Images of African Americans in the Civil War (1863, 1865)p. 279
George Pickett on the ˘Charge÷ (1863)p. 281
New York City Draft Riots (1863)p. 283
The Southern Home Front (1863)p. 285
General William T. Sherman on War (1864)p. 287
Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address (1865)p. 290
Reconstructionp. 293
A Northern Teacher's View of the Freedmen (1863-1865)p. 293
Charleston, South Carolina, at the Conclusion of the Civil War (1865)p. 296
African Americans Seek Protection (1865)p. 299
Thaddeus Stevens on Reconstruction and the South (1865)p. 301
A White Southern Perspective on Reconstruction (1868)p. 303
African American Suffrage in the South (1867, 1876)p. 306
An African American Congressman Calls for Civil Rights (1874)p. 308
The Situation for African Americans in the South (1879)p. 311
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