Voices of the American Past, Volume II

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-02-09
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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VOICES OF THE AMERICAN PAST is a two-volume reader that presents a variety of diverse perspectives through more than 240 primary sources. Excerpts from speeches, letters, journals, magazine articles, hearings and government documents raise issues from both public and private aspects of American life throughout history. A ?Guide to Reading and Interpreting Documents? in the front matter explains how and why historians use primary source evidence, and outlines basic points to help readers learn to analyze sources. Brief headnotes set each source into context. ?Questions to Consider? precede each document, offering prompts for critical thinking and reflection. The volumes are organized chronologically into 27 chapters, with the Reconstruction chapter overlapping in both volumes.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Fifth Editionp. x
A Guide to Reading and Interpreting Documents and Imagesp. xii
About the Authorsp. xvi
Reconstructionp. 293
A Northern Teacher's View of the Freedmen (1863-1865)p. 293
Charleston, South Carolina, at the Conclusion of the Civil War (1865)p. 296
African Americans Seek Protection (1865)p. 299
Thaddeus Stevens on Reconstruction and the South (1865)p. 301
A White Southern Perspective on Reconstruction (1868)p. 303
African American Suffrage in the South (1867, 1876)p. 306
An African American Congressman Calls for Civil Rights (1874)p. 308
The Situation for African Americans in the South (1879)p. 311
The Westp. 315
A Native American Remembers Life on the Great Plains (1870s)p. 315
Hunting Buffalo on the Great Plains (c. 1875)p. 318
A Century of Dishonor (1881)p. 320
A Western Newspaper Editorial on the Custer Massacre (1876)p. 323
Cultural Exchange on the Arizona Frontier (1874)p. 325
A Native American Remembers the Ghost Dance (1890)p. 328
Populist Party Platform (1892)p. 330
˘The Significance of the Frontier in American History÷ (1893)p. 333
A Woman's Description of Farm Life in Illinois (1905)p. 336
Gilded Age Americap. 339
The Cattle Industry (1884)p. 340
The Impact of Mechanization (1889)p. 343
Views of Big Business (1883, 1889, 1900)p. 345
˘The Forgotten Man÷ (1883)p. 347
The Gospel of Wealth (1889)p. 350
Preamble to the Constitution of the Knights of Labor (1878)p. 353
Lynching in the South (1895)p. 355
W. E. B. Du Bois on Race Relations (1903)p. 358
The Unwanted Immigrants: The Chinese (1878)p. 361
˘The Story of a Sweatshop Girl÷ (1902)p. 364
An Italian Immigrant's Experience in America (1902)p. 367
A Woman's Perspective on Women and the Economy (1898)p. 370
The Progressive Movementp. 373
An Insider's View of Hull Housep. 373
˘The American Forests÷ (1901)p. 376
Boss Government at Work (1903)p. 379
The Jungle (1906)p. 381
The Socialist Alternative (1908)p. 384
˘Why Women Should Vote÷ (1910)p. 387
The New Nationalism of Theodore Roosevelt (1912)p. 389
Women and the Middle-Class Home (1913)p. 392
America on the World Stagep. 395
The Sinking of the Maine (1898)p. 396
Aguinaldo's Call for Philippine Independence (1899)p. 398
An Anti-Imperialist Perspective (1899)p. 400
The New Manifest Destiny (1900)p. 402
Perspectives of Overseas Expansion (1898, 1899, 1900)p. 405
˘A Colombian View of the Panama Canal Question÷ (1903)p. 408
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1904)p. 410
Woodrow Wilson's Declaration of War Message (1917)p. 412
Advertising the War Effort (1920)p. 415
Opposition to the League of Nations (1919)p. 418
The Red Scare (1920)p. 420
The Return to ˘Normalcy÷p. 423
A Speech Against Immigration Restriction (1921)p. 423
The Role of Advertising (1922)p. 425
The Impact of the Automobile (1922)p. 429
The New Negro (1925)p. 431
Religion and the Scopes Trial (1925)p. 434
The Ku Klux Klan's Perspective (1926)p. 437
The New Woman (1927)p. 439
American Individualism (1928)p. 443
FDR and the New Dealp. 446
Urban Families in the Great Depression (1931)p. 446
Women on the Breadlines (1932)p. 449
Franklin D. Roosevelt's First Inaugural Address (1933)p. 451
A Businessman's View of the New Deal (1934)p. 454
Editorial Cartoons On the New Deal (1934, 1935)p. 457
The ˘Dust Bowl÷ (1935)p. 459
Eleanor Roosevelt on Social Welfare (1936)p. 461
The Tennessee Valley Authority (1937)p. 463
An African American Evaluation of the New Deal (1940)p. 466
˘The New Deal in Review÷ (1940)p. 469
Isolationism and World War IIp. 473
The Four Freedoms (1941)p. 473
Isolation from the European War (1941)p. 476
Roosevelt's Declaration of War Message (1941)p. 479
Life in a Japanese Internment Camp (1942)p. 481
Women in the Home-Front War Effort (1942)p. 483
The Second World War Homefront (1941-1945)p. 486
African Americans in the Military (1944)p. 490
Truman's Decision to Drop the Bomb (1945)p. 493
Remembering the Hiroshima Atomic Blast (1945)p. 495
Postwar Americap. 498
˘Containment÷ (1946)p. 498
NSC-68, A Blueprint for the Cold War (1950)p. 503
Communists in the Government (1950)p. 506
Life in the Suburbs (1953)p. 508
Governor Herman Talmadge's Statement on the Brown Decision (1954)p. 511
Viewpoint on the Emmitt Till Murder Trial (1955)p. 513
The Impact of Television (1955)p. 516
Dwight D. Eisenhower's Farewell Address (1961)p. 519
Poverty in the Age of Affluence (1962)p. 522
˘The Problem That Has No Name÷ (1963)p. 525
The Turbulent Sixtiesp. 529
Silent Spring (1962)p. 529
˘Letter from Birmingham Jail÷ (1963)p. 532
Malcolm X on Race Relations (1964)p. 535
Lyndon Johnson on the Great Society (1964)p. 538
SDS Call for a March on Washington (1965)p. 541
Views of the War in Vietnam (1967)p. 543
˘I Made Promises to Dead People÷ (1967-1968)p. 547
A Report on Racial Violence in the Cities (1968)p. 550
CÚsar Chßvez and La Causa (1975)p. 553
The Rising Conservative Tidep. 556
Perspectives on Soaring Oil Prices (1973, 1974, 1976)p. 556
Sam Ervin on the Watergate Crisis (1974)p. 559
The Differences Between Men and Women (1977)p. 562
The Question of Affirmative Action (1978)p. 566
Iranian Hostage Crisis (1979-1981)p. 568
The Christian Right's Call to Action (1980)p. 571
The Reagan Revolution (1981)p. 575
Reagan's Evil Empire Speech (1983)p. 578
An Editorial on the Removal of the Berlin Wall (1989)p. 580
Society and Culture at Century's Endp. 582
Catholic Bishops Call for ˘Economic Justice÷ (1986)p. 583
A Perspective on AIDS (1987)p. 586
A View on Hispanic Assimilation (1991)p. 589
Bill Gates and Microsoft (1998)p. 592
The Changing Demographics of America (1999)p. 596
The Issue of Same-Sex Marriage (2001)p. 599
Age of Anxietyp. 602
George W. Bush Responds to the Terrorist Attacks (2001)p. 603
A Response to the USA Patriot Act (2001)p. 606
The United States and the World (2003)p. 609
A Perspective on Limiting Immigration to the United States (2006)p. 612
An Economist on the Financial Crisis (2007)p. 615
Barack Obama's Victory Speech (2008)p. 617
Editorial on the Nomination of Sonia Sotomayor to the Supreme Court (2009)p. 621
Immigration in the 21st Century (2010)p. 623
Offshore Oil Drilling and the Environment (2010)p. 626
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