9780195126952

Voices of Ancient Philosophy An Introductory Reader

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195126952

  • ISBN10:

    0195126955

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2000-09-07
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Edited by one of the most renowned scholars in the field, Voices of Ancient Philosophy: An Introductory Reader is a unique and accessible introduction to the richness of ancient philosophy. Featuring a topical--as opposed to chronological--organization, this text introduces students to thewide range of approaches and traditions in ancient philosophy. In each section Annas presents the ancient debates on a particular philosophical topic, drawing on a greater diversity of ancient sources than a chronological approach allows. The book is divided into six sections: Fate and Freedom;Reason and Emotion; Knowledge, Belief, and Skepticism; Metaphysical Questions; How Should You Live?; and Society and the State. Annas includes a generous selection of the works of Plato and Aristotle, as well as those of the Stoics, Epicureans, and Skeptics. She also includes selections from lessfamiliar philosophers and from authors in whose works philosophical issues arise, such as poets, medical writers, historians, and Jewish and Christian writers. The volume features biographical sketches of the philosophers, a timeline, and short discussions of the major movements in ancientphilosophy. An excellent text for courses in ancient philosophy and history of philosophy, Voices of Ancient Philosophy: An Introductory Reader will also be of interest to scholars and general readers.

Author Biography


Julia Annas is Regents Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona.

Table of Contents

List of Boxed Material
xi
Preface xiii
Introduction xv
Chronological Sketch of Ancient Philosophy xix
Time Line xxiii
Fate and Freedom
Iliad 16, 512--548
3(3)
Homer
Zeus Answers a Few awkward Questions
6(6)
Lucian
Praise, Blame, and Responsibility for Our Actions
12(23)
Nicomachean Ethics III, 5
13(3)
Aristotle
The Stoics on Fate
16(1)
Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate 22
17(1)
The Stoics on Moral Responsibility
On Fate 40--43
18(2)
Cicero
Attic Nights 7.2, 6--13
20(2)
Aulus Gellius
Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate 11--14
22(8)
On the Nature 34, 26--30
30(2)
Epicurus
Diogenes of Oenoanda Epicurean Inscription fragment 54, II--III
32(1)
On the Nature of Things 2, 251--293
33(2)
Lucretius
Responsibility for the Lives We Lead
35(8)
Republic 10 (the Myth of Er)
36(6)
Plato
Handbook of Platonism 26
42(1)
Alcinous
Divine Foreknowledge of the Future
43(13)
Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate 30--31
43(5)
The Consolation of Philosophy 5
48(8)
Boethius
Is the Future Fixed?
56(15)
On Interpretation 9
56(5)
Aristotle
The Master Argument (Epictetus, Discourse II. 19, 1--5)
61(1)
Diodorus Cronus
The Stoics on Possibility and Necessity
62(1)
On Fate 12--15
63(3)
Cicero
Alexander of Aphrodisias On Fate 10
66(5)
Reason and Emotion
Explanation of Inner Conflict
71(13)
Republic 4, 436a--444a
71(9)
Plato
Republic 9, 588b--590d
80(2)
Plato
Phaedrus 253d--254e
82(2)
Plato
What is an Emotion?
84(26)
Rhetoric II, part of 1, 2, 5, 8
85(7)
Aristotle
Nicomachean Ethics II, 1, parts of 2 and 3; IV, 5
92(5)
Aristotle
The Early Stoics on the Emotions
97(3)
On Anger I, 7--9, 12--14, 17--18; II, 1--4, 6--10, 28
100(10)
Seneca
A Test Case
110(8)
Medea 1021--1080
111(3)
Euripides
Discourses I, 28, 1--9; II, 17, 17--25
114(2)
Epictetus
On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato III, 3, 13--24
116(2)
Galen
Reason, The Emotions, and Faith
118(13)
The Fourth Book of Maccabees selections
119(12)
Knowledge, Belief, and Skepticism
Knowledge and Expertise
131(12)
Laches 189d--201c
132(11)
Plato
Knowledge and True Belief
143(13)
Meno 80a--86d, 96b--99e
143(11)
Plato
Theaetetus 200d--201c
154(2)
Plato
Relativism
156(10)
Theaetetus 166e--172b, 177c--179b
158(8)
Plato
The Structure of a System of Knowledge
166(34)
Republic 475b--484a, 507b--511e, 514a--518d, 523a--525b, 531c--535a
166(21)
Plato
Posterior Analytics I, 1--3; II, 19
187(6)
Aristotle
Metaphysics I, 1--3, II, 1
193(4)
Aristotle
Parts of Animals I, 5
197(3)
Aristotle
Knowledge from Experience
200(7)
Epicurus on Knowledge
201(4)
The Stoics on Knowledge
205(2)
Skepticism
207(20)
Theaetetus 148c--151d
209(4)
Plato
Outlines of Pyrrhonism I, 1--30, 100--117; III, 1--12
213(14)
Sextus Empiricus
Metaphysical Questions
Reality and Paradox
227(7)
The Way of Truth fragments 1--8
227(5)
Parmenides
Zeno of Elea Arguments against Motion
232(2)
Plato's Forms: For and Against
234(25)
Phaedo 73c--76e
235(4)
Plato
Phaedo 78c--79a
239(2)
Plato
Symposium 209e--212a
241(2)
Plato
Republic 596a--597e
243(3)
Plato
Parmenides 128e--135c
246(8)
Plato
Diogenes of Sinope Lives of the Philosophers VI, 53
254(1)
The Stoics on Plato's Forms
254(1)
On Forms
255(4)
Aristotle
Cause and Explanation
259(21)
Hippocratic Writings The Sacred Disease selections
259(5)
Phaedo 96a--101e
264(5)
Plato
On Coming-to-Be and Passing-Away II, 9
269(1)
Aristotle
Physics II, 3, 7--9
270(7)
Aristotle
Life of Pericles 6
277(1)
Plutarch
The Epicureans against Teleology
278(2)
Time
280(17)
Physics IV, 10--11, 14
280(5)
Aristotle
The Stoics on Time
285(2)
Confessions XI, selections
287(10)
Augustine
How Should You Live?
The Starting Point For Ethical Reflection
297(5)
Rhetoric I, 5 (extract)
297(2)
Aristotle
Histories I, 29--34
299(3)
Herodotus
The First Theories: Virtue and Happiness
302(17)
Democritus Fragments on Ethics
304(1)
Gorgias 468e--479e
305(14)
Plato
The Major Theories
319(32)
Nicomachean Ethics I, 1, 2, 4, 5, 7--10
319(9)
Aristotle
The Stoics
On Final Ends III, 16--17, 20--26, 32--39, 42--71
328(10)
Cicero
The Epicureans
Letter to Menoeceus 121--135
338(3)
Epicurus
On Final Ends I, 29--33, 37--70
341(10)
Cicero
Different Directions
351(22)
Theaetetus 172b--177c
351(6)
Plato
The Gospel of Matthew 5, 2--20
357(3)
Enneads I, 4
360(13)
Plotinus
Society and the State
Is Nature or Convention the Basis of Society and the State?
373(30)
Protagoras 320c--323c
373(2)
Plato
Antiphon the Sophist Fragment 7
375(2)
Gorgias 482e--484c
377(2)
Plato
Crito 50a--54e
379(4)
Plato
Republic 358c--360d
383(4)
Plato
Politics I, 2
387(3)
Aristotle
Politics III, 9
390(3)
Aristotle
Epicureans
Principal Doctrines 31--38
393(2)
Epicurus
Diogenes of Oenoanda Epicurean Inscription fragment 56
395(1)
On Duties III, 37--39
395(2)
Cicero
Stoicism
On Laws I, 17--35, 42--45
397(6)
Cicero
Political Rule: Expertise and the Rule of Law
403(24)
Twofold Arguments 7
404(1)
Republic 488a--489c
405(2)
Plato
Statesman 291d--303b
407(13)
Plato
Politics I, 1; III, 4, 11
420(7)
Aristotle
Democracy and the Best Form of Government
427(26)
Histories III, 80--83
427(3)
Herodotus
The Old Oligarch Selections
430(4)
Politics IV, 3, 4, 7--9, 11
434(9)
Aristotle
Histories VI, 2
443(10)
Polybius
Further Reading 453

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