The Wadsworth Guide to Research, 2009 MLA Update Edition

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  • Edition: Revised
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-06-11
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Develop the research skills you need for success in academic, career, and everyday situations with THE WADSWORTH GUIDE TO RESEARCH. Recognizing that technology is a part of your daily life, the authors will show you how to apply the research skills you use every day (buying a car, choosing a movie, etc.) to academic and professional settings. Annotated student samples, Research in Action scenarios, and Techno Tips show you the "how" and "why" of researching, and the key research technologies important to success. This edition has been updated to reflect guidelines from the 2009 MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Seventh Edition.

Table of Contents

Preparing For Research
Why Research?
Recognizing Research Contexts
Reflect: How Have You Conducted Research Before?
Identifying Research Purposes
Reflect: How Do Research Processes Compare?
Considering Elements of the Rhetorical Situation
Reflect: How Do Rhetorical Situations Compare?
Entering a Conversation
Techno Tip: Listen to Conversations in Progress
Research and Writing Processes
Processes and Rhetorical Situations
Myths about Writing and Research Processes
Writing Processes
Foundations in Classical Rhetoric
Reflect: How Do You Write Best?
Peer Review
Techno Tip: Conduct Peer Reviews
Techno Tip: Read Your Writing Out Loud Proofreading
Reflect: What Are Your Writing Idiosyncrasies?
Research Processes
Disciplinary Approaches
Write: Discover Disciplinary Patterns and Conventions
Identifying a Topic
Analyzing the Writing Situation
Taking Advantage of Kairos
Write: Identify Kairos
Considering the Rhetorical Situation
Write: Analyze the Rhetorical Situation
Generating Topics
Write: What's Important to You?
Write: Generate Topic Ideas
Write: Consider Audience and Purpose
Techno Tip: Use Technology to Explore What You Already Know
Exploring and Narrowing a Potential Topic
Techno Tip: Use the Internet to Explore a Possible Topic
Reflect: How Can I Make a Topic Manageable?
Write: Focus Your Research Topic
Developing a Research Question
Write: Write a Research Question
Situating the Writer in the Research
Reflect: What Is the Writer's Place in the Rhetorical Situation?
Your Knowledge of Your Topic
Write: Take an Inventory of What You Know
Research in Progress: Writing a Research Proposal
The Assignment
Features of a Research Proposal
Starting Your Research Proposal
Examples of Research Proposals
Tsz Lee "Can I Have a Clone?"
Megan Trevizo, "Is Breast Always Best?"
Conducting Research
Finding Resources through Secondary Research
Conducting Research
Identifying the Information You Need to Find
Primary and Secondary Research
Conducting Primary or Secondary Research
Reflect: Should You Conduct Primary or Secondary Research?
Locating Resources
Specific Search Terms
Internet Search Engines
Expanding and Focusing Search Terms
Write: List Alternative Key Terms
Write: Develop a List of Search Terms
Search Engines and Web Directories
Techno Tip: Refine Your Search Results
Types of Resources
How Texts Change over Time
How Texts Are Reviewed
Library Resources vs. Internet Resources
Techno Tip: Edit and Review the History of a Wikipedia Page
Static Resources
Write: Search the Library Catalog
Audio and Video Files
Microfilm and Microfiche
Syndicated Resources
Write: Search for Resources in Periodicals
Blogs and RSS Feeds
Techno Tip: Set up RSS Feeds
Dynamic Resources
Email Lists and Newsgroups
Social Networking Sites
Online Communities
Write: Search for a Variety of Resources
Developing a Research Plan
Reflect: What's Your Plan?
Conducting Primary Research
Including Observation in Your Research Plan
Conducting an Observation
Write: Practice Observing Your Subject
Techno Tip: Record Your Observation
Including Interviews in Your Research Plan
Conducting an Interview
Write: Draft Interview Questions
Techno Tip: Conduct Interviews Online
Including a Survey in Your Research Plan
Conducting a Survey
Write: Draft Survey Questions
Reflect: Is the Survey Valid and Reliable?
Distributing Surveys and Collecting Responses
Techno Tip: Consider Online Survey Services
Ethical Considerations
Techno Tip: Gather Data Online
Interpretation of Data
Analyzing Quantitative Data
Analyzing Qualitative Data
Presenting the Results of Primary Research
Write: Decide What Type of Primary Data to Collect
Reflect: What Does Your Research Plan Look Like Now?
Reading Resources Rhetorically
Rhetorical Reading
Reflect: Are You Reading Purposefully or Rhetorically?
Write: Choose Resources to Read
Considering Context
Write: Situate a Resource Rhetorically
Annotating Resources
Write: Annotate a Resource
Techno Tip: Search Electronic Documents
Reflect: How Do You Write a Summary?
Write: Summarize One of Your Resources
Write: Paraphrase One of Your Resources
Selecting Potential Quotations
Write: Take Detailed Notes on a Resource
Starting to Evaluate Your Resources
Tracking and Evaluating Data
Techno Tip: Register with a Social Bookmarking Application
Write: Track Bibliographic Information
Techno Tip: Track Bibliographic Information Online
Evaluating Credibility
Evaluating Validity
Write: Evaluate Validity
Fill the Gaps
Write: Trace a Line of Research
Write: Make Cover Sheets
Understanding Plagiarism and Integrating Resources
Fair Use
Ideas Versus Words
Blatant Plagiarism
Careless Plagiarism
Integration of Resources into Your Argument
Introduction of the Source
Write: Introduce Secondary Resources
Incorporation of the Data
Quotations from Resources
Summarizing and Paraphrasing Revisited
Interpreting the Resource
Documenting the Resource
What to Cite
How to Cite
Write: Decide Which Citation Style to Use
In-Text Citations
Write: Practice In-Text Citations
Full Bibliographic Citations
Techno Tip: Use the Online Resource Center to Check Your Citations Research in Progress
Writing a Review of Research
The Assignment
Features of Reviews of Research
Starting Your Review of Research
Examples of Reviews of Research
Tsz Lee, Should All Forms of Human Cloning Be Banned?
John Lewis, Will Distance Learning Replace Traditional Instruction?
Reporting On Research
Constructing an Argument
Reporting vs. Arguing
Reflect: Is It Reporting or Arguing?
Write: Define the Rhetorical Situation
Responding to the Research Question
Write: Create a Cluster Map
Developing a Thesis
Write: Draft a Thesis Statement
Using Qualifiers
Reflect: Can You Recognize Qualifiers?
Supporting an Argument
Ethos, Pathos, and Logos
Write: Develop Your Authorial Ethos
Write: Develop Emotional Arguments
Offering Evidence
Determining Warrants
Write: Understand Your Warrants
Providing Counterarguments
Including Rebuttals
Write: Develop Rebuttals
Write: Construct an Argument
Selecting and Incorporating Evidence
Developing Project-Specific Evaluation Criteria
Audience and Purpose
Reflect: Are You Addressing Your Audience's Wants and Needs?
Timeliness, Relevance, and Other Criteria
Write: Develop Evaluative Criteria
Resources as Evidence
Write: Evaluate Types of Resources
Matching Reasons with Evidence
Write: Draw a Cluster Map
Techno Tip: Create Clusters on the Computer
Write: Find Additional Resources
Sharing the Results
Arrangement of Your Argument
Common Argument Patterns
Comparison and ContraSt. Definition
Cause and Effect
Common Presentational Patterns
Least Important to Most Important
Most Important to Least Important
Chronological Organization
Write: Develop an Outline
Introductions and Conclusions
Reflect: Are You Grabbing Your Audience's Attention and Motivating Them to Action?
Write: Draft an Effective Introduction
Write: Develop Closure
Write: Identify Possible Frames
Putting Everything Together
Write: Draft Your Final Argument
Techno Tip: Use Document-Sharing Technologies
Methods of Delivery
Academic Essays
Alternative Modes of Delivery
Techno Tip: Develop Your Presentation
Write: Decide Which Presentation Mode Is Appropriate
Research in Progress: Writing a Researched Argument
The Assignment
Features of a Researched Argument
Your Researched Argument
Examples of Researched Arguments
Tsz Lee, Therapeutic Cloning: A Significant Promise for Future Success in the United States
Kelesia Bomar, Lowering the Voting Age in Arizona
Formatting Your Research
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