9780521807166

War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521807166

  • ISBN10:

    0521807166

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-10-01
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

Gender roles are nowhere more prominent than in war. Yet contentious debates, and the scattering of scholarship across academic disciplines, have obscured understanding of how gender affects war and vice versa. In this authoritative and lively review of our state of knowledge, Joshua Goldstein assesses the possible explanations for the near-total exclusion of women from combat forces, through history and across cultures. Topics covered include the history of women who did fight and fought well, the complex role of testosterone in men's social behaviours, and the construction of masculinity and femininity in the shadow of war. Goldstein concludes that killing in war does not come naturally for either gender, and that gender norms often shape men, women, and children to the needs of the war system. lllustrated with photographs, drawings, and graphics, and drawing from scholarship spanning six academic disciplines, this book provides a unique study of a fascinating issue.

Table of Contents

List of figures
ix
List of tables
xii
Preface xiii
A puzzle: the cross-cultural consistency of gender roles in war
1(58)
Introduction
1(9)
The universal gendering of war
10(12)
The universal potential for war
22(12)
Feminist theories of war and peace
34(25)
Conclusion
57(2)
Women warriors: the historical record of female combatants
59(69)
Introduction
59(1)
Female combat units
60(17)
Mixed-gender units
77(29)
Individual women fighters
106(10)
Women military leaders
116(12)
Conclusion
127(1)
Bodies: the biology of individual gender
128(55)
Introduction
128(11)
Genetics
139(4)
Testosterone levels
143(16)
Size and strength
159(10)
Brains and cognition
169(10)
Female sex hormones
179(4)
Conclusion
182(1)
Groups: bonding, hierarchy, and social identity
183(68)
Introduction
183(11)
Male bonding
194(9)
Ability to work in hierarchies
203(14)
In-group/out-group psychology
217(11)
Childhood gender segregation
228(23)
Conclusion
249(2)
Heroes: the making of militarized masculinity
251(81)
Introduction
251(1)
Test of manhood as a motivation to fight
252(49)
Feminine reinforcement of soldiers' masculinity
301(21)
Women's peace activism
322(10)
Conclusion
331(1)
Conquests: sex, rape, and exploitation in wartime
332(71)
Introduction
332(1)
Male sexuality as a cause of aggression
333(23)
Feminization of enemies as symbolic domination
356(24)
Dependence on exploiting women's labor
380(23)
Conclusion
402(1)
Reflections: the mutuality of gender and war
403(12)
References 415(66)
Index 481

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