Water : Towards a Culture of Responsibility

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-04-12
  • Publisher: Univ Pr of New England
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Clean, fresh drinking water is essential to human and animal life. It's equally important to the world economy: it functions as a universal solvent, makes possible industrial cooling and transportation, and is necessary for all kinds of agriculture. Antoine Frerot, CEO of Veolia Water, takes us on a tour of the world's waters, of our water. Lack of clean water kills 2.2 million people every year, and nearly 1 billion people do not have reliable access to clean drinking water. Using examples that transform theory into close-to-home reality, Frerot issues a serious challenge while showing us how to ensure that all the fast-growing cities of Asia, Africa, and Latin America have enough water. He considers how climate change will cause water shortages and explains what we can do now to prevent them. We have the political, economic, and scientific means to ensure the future of water on earth: we need only the will to take action.

Author Biography

Antoine Frrot is a graduate of the cole Polytechnique and an engineer with the Corps des Ponts et Chausses in France. He is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Veolia Environnement.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. 5
Introduction: A time to take responsibilityp. 9
The Water Centuryp. 19
Satisfying Growing Needsp. 20
Ever increasing withdrawals from non increasing resourcesp. 21
Parched megalopolisesp. 25
The growing competition for water resourcesp. 26
Water for agriculture: the highest consumption, the highest wastep. 28
Preventing Further Loss of the Quality of Our Water Resourcesp. 31
Sanitation, the ˘poor relation÷ of water managementp. 31
A long march: controlling agricultural pollutionp. 35
The limitations of the ˘polluter pays÷ principlep. 38
Escaping the spiral: ever more treatment of water that is ever more pollutedp. 40
Europe Sets a Goal: A Return to Good Water Qualityp. 42
Europe: 30 years of water policiesp. 42
Good water status: moving towards a new stage in European water policyp. 45
A disappointment on current water qualityp. 47
Quality and quantity: factors separated for too longp. 47
Water: The Primary Issue for Human Developmentp. 50
Unsafe drinking water and no sanitation: the world's greatest killersp. 50
Lack of access means a higher price for waterp. 53
Wasted human resources, wasted social resourcesp. 55
Millennium Goals: mixed results in the medium termp. 56
Water's False Friendsp. 61
Climate Change and Water: Disturbing Factsp. 62
Unavoidable change, avoidable catastrophep. 62
The climate changes… and us?p. 65
Foreseeing to be able to actp. 66
The water wars will not happenp. 67
A future with more climatic disastersp. 69
Two Misplaced ˘Good Ideas÷: ˘Free Water÷ and ˘User Pays for All÷p. 72
Free water: a review of recent historyp. 72
The myth of a free water servicep. 73
The opposite of free supply: the user pays for allp. 75
The happy medium: a sociably affordable water pricep. 77
The Private Sector: Too Much or Too Little Involvement?p. 79
The many forms of cooperation between public and privatep. 79
Privatisation: so frequently debated, so rarely practicedp. 81
To delegate or not to delegatep. 83
Public-private partnership: from fashionable craze to maturityp. 86
Snapshots of the Latin American experiencep. 87
Are public-private partnerships appropriate for developing countries?p. 91
Water: Is the Service Too Expensive?p. 96
Water is not oilp. 96
The price of water in France: the perception and the realityp. 97
What price for what area? The example of Francep. 100
Are public operators less expensive? A false evidencep. 102
A price that fails to reflect the scarcity of waterp. 105
The developing world: under-financing causes exclusionp. 107
Information and transparency: at the heart of the debatep. 108
Knowing what is being comparedp. 110
Funders, Often Criticised but Indispensablep. 111
An overview of public aid for water and sanitationp. 112
Insufficient financep. 114
The search for new financial initiativesp. 116
When one method displaces anotherp. 119
Finding new modelsp. 123
New Resourcesp. 127
Water saving, a resource available nowp. 127
Recycled waste water: the only resource that gains from economic developmentp. 130
Sea water, an unlimited resourcep. 133
Using previously unexploited sourcesp. 136
Rainwater: a useful resource, but not without its riskp. 138
New Economic and Financial Modelsp. 141
Mixed funding between service users and taxpayersp. 142
Performance-based payment systemsp. 144
Separating the volume sold from the volume pumpedp. 144
Increasing water productivity for consumersp. 145
The end of the principle of ˘user pays for water÷?p. 146
Helping More the Disadvantagedp. 149
Developing countries: water and sanitation for the greatest numberp. 149
Developed countries: maintaining access to services for the poorestp. 160
Governance: At the Root of the Problem, at the Heart of the Solutionp. 164
The pathologies of governancep. 165
Good governance means a proper allocation of rolesp. 166
Nothing sustainable can be created without dialogue and consultationp. 169
Transparency: building a long-term relationship of trustp. 173
Conclusion: Towards a culture of responsibilityp. 177
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