Water Wells and Pumps

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-06-24
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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Design and Build Safe, Efficient Systems for Irrigation and Water SupplyWater Wells and Pumpsis a comprehensive guide to the essential theory and design of ground water structures, wells/tube wells, and pumps, with particular emphasis on problem solving and meeting the requirements of developing nations. It features thorough, up-to-date knowledge of the science and technology of water wells and pumps as well as allied appliances and applications.This authoritative desk reference outlines the construction, operation, and maintenance of water wells for irrigation and water supply. It also presents the development and testing of tube wells as well as a variety of pumps, both location-specific. Using SI units exclusively,Water Wells and Pumpsfeatures: Coverage of a variety of pumps, including those using nonconventional, environmentally friendly means Examinations of ground water recharge methods, well rehabilitation, and animal-powered water lifts Techno-economic evaluation of projects on wells and pumps References and problems at the end of each chapter for research and educational useSolutions for all problems related to designing secure, reliable systems Ground water resources development and utilization Hydraulics of wells Open wells Tube wells and their designs Development and testing of tube wells Rehabilitation of sick and failed tube wells Man- and animal-powered water lifts and positive displacement pumps Variable displacement pumps and accessories Centrifugal pumps Deep well turbine and submersible pumps Propeller, mixed flow, and jet pumps Applications of nonconventional energy sources in pumping

Author Biography

Dr. A.M. Michael served as Project Director, WaterTechnology Centre, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.

Dr. S.D. Khepar served as Divisional Engineer atPunjab State Tubewell Corporation.

Dr. S.K. Sondhi served as Dean, College ofAgricultural Engineering at Punjab University.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Ground Water Resources Development and Utilizationp. 1
The Hydrologic Cyclep. 2
Types of Water-Bearing Formationsp. 3
Types of Soil Waterp. 6
Hydrologic Unitsp. 7
Minerals and Rocksp. 7
Influence of Physiography and Climate on Ground Water Availabilityp. 9
Hydro-Geological Formationsp. 11
Ground Water Investigationsp. 15
Ground Water Qualityp. 19
Types of Water Wellsp. 28
Ground Water Resource Assessmentp. 29
Status of Ground Water Development in Indiap. 30
Artificial Recharge of Ground Waterp. 31
Conjunctive Use of Ground Water with Canal Waterp. 42
Legal Aspects of Ground Water Managementp. 42
Ground Water Pollutionp. 44
Referencesp. 47
Short Questionsp. 48
Hydraulics of Wellsp. 52
Definitionsp. 52
Aquifer Characteristics Influencing Yield of Wellsp. 54
Steady State Radial Flowp. 58
Unsteady State Flowp. 68
Pumping Testsp. 81
Well Interferencep. 88
Referencesp. 90
Problemsp. 92
Short Questionsp. 93
Open Wellsp. 98
Open Wells in Unconsolidated Formationsp. 99
Open Wells in Hard Rock Formationsp. 120
Deepening of Open Wellsp. 124
Increasing the Yield of Open Wellsp. 135
Failure of Open Wells Due to Excessive Pumpingp. 141
Sanitary Protection of Wellsp. 141
Referencesp. 147
Problemsp. 148
Short Questionsp. 148
Tube Wells and Their Designp. 151
Types of Tube Wellsp. 151
Selection of the Type of Tube Wellp. 168
Plastic Pipes for Tube Well Casings and Strainersp. 168
Design of Tube Wellsp. 174
Sanitary Protection of Tube Wellsp. 190
Design of Skimming Wellsp. 194
Referencesp. 197
Short Questionsp. 199
Tube Well Constructionp. 203
Construction of Bored and Driven Tube Wellsp. 203
Tube Well Drilling Equipment and Methodsp. 206
Percussion Drillingp. 207
Hydraulic Rotary Drillingp. 221
Drilling with Down-the-Hole Hammer and Air Rotary Drillsp. 247
Miscellaneous Drilling Methodsp. 264
Choice of Drilling Methodp. 270
Installation of Well Screens and Checking Well Alignmentp. 273
Sealing of Brackish and Saline Aquifer Horizonsp. 278
Referencesp. 280
Short Questionsp. 281
Development and Testing of Tube Wellsp. 285
Objectives of Well Developmentp. 285
Methods of Well Developmentp. 287
Use of Dispersing Agents in Well Developmentp. 303
Development of a Cavity Tube Wellp. 303
Choice of Well Development Methodp. 303
Testing of Tube Wellsp. 305
Referencesp. 307
Problemsp. 308
Short Questionsp. 308
Rehabilitation of Sick and Failed Tube Wellsp. 311
Evaluation of Well Performance for Diagnosing Cause of Failurep. 311
Influence of Faulty Design, Construction and Operation on Well Failuresp. 313
Photographic Evaluation of Well Failuresp. 316
Mechanical Failures and Use of Fishing Toolsp. 317
Corrosion and Incrustation of Well Screensp. 322
Referencesp. 336
Short Questionsp. 337
Man and Animal Powered Water Lifts and Positive Displacement Pumpsp. 340
Manually Operated Water Liftsp. 341
Animal Powered Water Liftsp. 356
Positive Displacement Pumpsp. 365
Referencesp. 385
Problemsp. 386
Short Questionsp. 387
Variable Displacement Pumps and Accessoriesp. 390
Classification of Variable Displacement Pumpsp. 390
Centrifugal Pumpsp. 391
Friction Head in Pipe Systemp. 398
Total Pumping Headp. 399
Cavitationp. 405
Power Requirements in Pumpingp. 407
Pump Characteristic Curvesp. 411
System Head Curvep. 418
Selection of Centrifugal Pumpsp. 419
Accessories for Horizontal Volute Centrifugal Pumpsp. 426
Economical Pipe Size Selectionp. 435
Selection of Pump Drivep. 436
Referencesp. 437
Problemsp. 438
Short Questionsp. 439
Centrifugal Pumps: Design, Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Troubleshootingp. 444
Design of Centrifugal Pumpsp. 444
Centrifugal Pump Installationp. 471
Centrifugal Pump Operationp. 492
Maintenance and Trouble-Shootingp. 493
Referencesp. 500
Problemsp. 502
Short Questionsp. 502
Deep Well Turbine and Submersible Pumpsp. 506
Vertical Turbine Pumpsp. 506
Submersible Pumpsp. 533
Referencesp. 546
Short Questionsp. 546
Propeller, Mixed Flow and Jet Pumpsp. 549
Propeller Pumpsp. 549
Mixed Flow Pumpsp. 561
Jet Pumpsp. 564
Referencesp. 575
Short Questionsp. 576
Application of Non-Conventional Energy Sources in Pumpingp. 578
Windmillsp. 579
Hydro-Powerp. 596
Hydraulic Ramp. 597
Solar Pumpsp. 621
Biogasp. 625
Unique Requirements in Adopting Non-Conventional Energy Sources in Water Pumpingp. 629
Benefit-Cost Ratio of Pumping Plants Operated by Alternate Energy Sourcesp. 631
Referencesp. 631
Problemsp. 633
Short Questionsp. 633
Techno-Economic Evaluation of Projects on Wells and Pumpsp. 637
Availability of Ground Water Resourcesp. 637
Design of Wells and Selection of Equipment for Pumpingp. 647
Economic Evaluationp. 647
Referencesp. 670
Problemsp. 671
Short Questionsp. 672
Appendix Ap. 674
Appendix Bp. 675
Appendix Cp. 679
Appendix Dp. 684
Indexp. 689
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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