The Well-Crafted Argument

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-02-23
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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The 4th Edition of THE WELL-CRAFTED ARGUMENT effectively guides you through the process of writing effective arguments across the disciplines! The authors include coverage of critical reading strategies; writing, researching, and documenting a topic; and an anthology of readings grouped into nine thematic clusters. In-depth instruction, combined with real student writings, helps you discover your own voice. The 4th Edition includes many practical, skill-building tools to guide your progress: Each chapter in Part I ends with a "Summary," "Checklist," and "Writing Projects," while each cluster in Part II ends with "Connections Among the Clusters," "Writing Projects," and "Suggestions for Further Reading." These sections encourage you to apply what you've learned and go beyond the classroom if a topic is of particular interest to you.

Table of Contents

The Rhetoric of Argument
The Nature and Process of Argument
Why Argue?
What Is an Argument?
What Is an Arguable Thesis?
Using Evidence in Argument
Communicating with a Purpose
The Process of Composing an Argument
Using Appeals in Argument
Organizing the Argument
Drafting the Argument
Common Problems in Composing an Argument and Ways to Resolve Them
"High Score Education"
Revising the Argument: a Form of Reevaluation
Reading to Revise
Visual Aids as Tools for Argumentative Writing
"Tribal Relations"
"The Cartoon"
Chapter Summary
Checklist Writing Projects
Methods of Critical Reading
Reading as a Construction of Meaning
Active Versus Passive Reading
Reading as a Writer of Arguments
Writing a Summary
"Death to the Classics!"
Reading with a Pencil
"Say No to Trash"
Reading Visuals in Arguments
"Philosophers, Theologians, Post Modern Students: Why They Need Each Other"
Becoming a Highly Motivated Reader
Reading Responsibly
"High Noon" (editorial)
Active Reading as Shared Reading
Using the Modes of Argument as a Schema for Analysis
The Importance of Open-Mindedness when Reading
"Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina"
Chapter Summary
Checklist Writing Projects
Using the Classical Model in Your Arguments
Argument in the Ancient World
The Classical Model of Argument
"Population Growth and Climate Change"
Reinforcing Aristotelian Appeals with Visuals
Anti-Defamation League, "School Vouchers: the Wrong Choice for Public Education"
"Why School Vouchers Can Help Inner-City Children"
Chapter Summary
Checklist Writing Projects
Using the Toulmin Model in Your Arguments
The Toulmin Model of Argument
"Professions for Women"
The Toulmin Model in Action
Student Essay
"Tobacco: Ignorance Is No Longer an Excuse"
Organizing Your Argument Using the Toulmin Model
"Declaration of Independence"
Reinforcing the Toulmin Model with Visuals
Chapter Summary
Checklist Writing Projects
Using the Rogerian Model in Your Arguments
The Rogerian Model of Argument
Organizing Your Argument Using the Rogerian Model
"Let's Talk About Sexual Harassment in Middle School"
"Letter from Birmingham Jail"
Student Essay
"Who Owns Our Children?"
Chapter Summary
Checklist Writing Projects
Reasoning: Methods and Fallacies
Argumentative Reasoning
The Nature of Fallacies
Strategies of Reasoning
Errors in Reasoning: a Taxonomy
"Love Is a Fallacy"
Chapter Summary
Checklist Writing Projects
Researching Your Argument
The Three Faces of Research
Searching Before You Research: Taking a Mental Inventory
Focusing Your Research for Argumentative Essays
Formulating a Strong Thesis
Researching Using the Internet
Useful Types of Internet Sources
Searching on the Web
Useful Websites for Writers of Argument
Researching Using Print Resources
Gathering Information from Email, Telephone Conversations, Interviews, and Surveys
Taking Effective Research Notes
The Role of Serendipity in Research
Evaluating Your Sources
Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism
Incorporating Outside Sources into Your Argument
Chapter Summary
Checklist Writing Projects
Documenting Your Sources: MLA and APA Styles
Citation of Source Material: a Rationale
Which Documentation Style to Use?
A Guide to MLA Documentation Style
Presenting Quoted Material
Index for Citing Sources: MLA Style
Using Author/Page In-Text Citations
Preparing the MLA List of Works Cited
Sample Student Paper: MLA Documentation Format
"Why We Should Punish"
A Guide to APA Documentation Style
Presenting Quoted Material
Index for Citing Sources: APA Style
Using Author/Year In-Text Citations
Preparing the APA List of References
Sample Student Paper: APA Documentation Format
"Child Molestation: Anything but Your Typical Crime"
Chapter Summary
Checklist Writing Projects
Reading Clusters
Athletics and Academics: How Do They Benefit Each Other?
are Student Athletes Really Students?
"Game Score, Test Scores" (editorial cartoon)
"Brawn & Brains: Student Athletes Get a Bum Rap"
"Academic Motivation and the Student Athlete"
"Is Athletics Meeting Its Purpose?"
"For True Reform, Athletic Scholarships Must Go"
Student Essay
"Academic Performance of Student Athletes"
Issues for Further Research: the Intrinsic Value of College Athletics
Student Visual Essay
"The Faces of Sports"
Student Essay
"Play for Pride, Not for Pay"
Connections among the Clusters
Writing Projects
for Further Reading
Biomedical Research
What Role Should Ethics Play?
Can Biomedical Issues be Separated from Politics?
"Political Science/Politicized Science" (cartoon)
"Bioengineering and Self-Improvement"
"thics, Politics, and Genetic Knowledge"
"Designer Babies: One Step Closer"
Issues for Further Research: the Stem Cell Debate
"Science Needs Ethics"
"Stem Cell Scientists Employ Highest Ethics"
"The Stem Cell Debate"
"The Morality of Killing Human Embryos"
Issues for Further Research: Genetic Engineering
Editors of Scientific American, "The Need to Regulate 'Designer Babies'"
"Patenting Life"
"A Question of Chimeras"
"OrganInc Farms" (excerpt from "Oryx and Crake")
Student Essay
"Priorities of Gene Therapy"
Connections among the Clusters
Writing Projects
for Further Reading
What are the Key Issues Concerning U.S.-Foreign Relations?
What Effects Could the Patriot Act Have on Individual Liberties?
"We've Lost Control of Our Borders" (editorial cartoon)
"While I Was Sleeping" (excerpt from "The World Is Flat")
"Candorville" (comic strip)
"Big Brother Is Listening"
"The USA Patriot Act and Patron Privacy on Library Internet Terminals"
"RFID's Security Problem"
Issues for Further Research: Immigration Policy and National Security
"Mexicans See Insult, Danger in Border Plan"
Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR), "Immigration and National Security: a Checklist of Unfinished Reforms"
Student Essay
"The Patriot Act"
Connections among the Clusters
Writing Projects
for Further Reading
Intellectual Property
How Should IP Rights be Protected?
How Might the Downloading of Music Files Best be Regulated?
"Troubletown" (editorial cartoon)
U.S. Newswire, "Jim Rogan Speaks on Intellectual Property Rights: 'We Have to Treat Theft as Theft'"
"Protecting Music"
"The Internet Debacle: An Alternate View"
Student Essay
"The Cost of Regeneration"
"Penalties Frighten Music Traders: Survey Reports Copyright Laws are Not Daunting"
Student Essay
"Why I've Stopped Sharing Music"
Student Essay
"A Language All Their Own"
Issues for Further Research: Copyright Term Limits
"Mouse Trap: Disney's Copyright Conquest"
"Needed: Sane IP Laws"
Issues for Further Research: Plagiarism
"The Rules of Attribution"
"Digital Plagiarism: the Role of Society and Technology"
Connections among the Clusters
Writing Projects
for Further Reading
Media Regulation
What are the Issues?
How Should the First Amendment's Freedom of Speech Guarantee be Applied?
"Internet and Censorship" (editorial cartoon)
"Speech Overview"
"Campus Speech Issues"
Student Essay
"Speech Codes: An Insult to Education and a Threat to Our Future"
Issues for Further Research: Book Banning
"A Letter to the Chairman of the Drake School Board"
Student Essay
"The Myth of Book Censoring Within the American Educational System"
Student Essay
"Censorship of Books for Public High Schools: When Necessary, When Not"
Issues for Further Research: Effects of Media Violence
"Statement Linking Media Violence to Violence in Kids Draws Criticism"
"TV Isn't Violent Enough"
Connections among the Clusters
Writing Projects
for Further Reading
Multicultural Learning: What are the Priorities?
Who, If Anyone, Benefits from Multicultural Education?
"Family Tree" (cartoon)
"Perspectives: Improving Race Relations One Journalism Class at a Time"
"Language and Literature from a Pueblo Indian Perspective"
Student Essay
"The Importance of Multicultural Education in Global Society"
Issues for Further Research: Bilingual Education
"English: the National Language" (editorial cartoon)
"Linginstic Police" (editorial cartoon)
"Bilingual or Immersion?"
"Two Languages are Better Than One"
"Speaking a Public Language"
Student Essay
"Education in English: the Proven Benefits of a Bilingual Academic Program"
Student Essay
"English First"
Issues for Further Research: Improving Literacy
"Literacy Development for Students with No Voice: Scheme and Schema"
"Literary Benefits for Latina/o Parents Engaged in a Spanish Literary Project"
Connections among the Clusters
Writing Projects
for Further Reading
Public Identity and Technology
How Is the Internet Influencing Society?
"The I.M.s of Romeo and Juliet" (cartoon)
National Council of Teachers of English, "Literacy Learning for the 21st Century [NCTE Policy Brief]"
"Identity Thieves Hit a New Low"
Issues for Further Research: Internet Dating
"'Quality Singles': Internet Dating and the Work of Fantasy"
"Managing Impressions Online: Self-Presentation Processes in the Online Dating Environment"
Issues for Further Research: Online Social Networking
"Hooked on Facebook"
Student Essay
"MySpace Addictions--No Need for Rehab"
Connections among the Clusters
Writing Projects
for Further Reading
Science and Religion
If Common Ground Exists, Where Does it Lie?
What Is the Basis of the Conflict Between Science and Religion?
"B.C." (comic strip)
"A Designer Universe?"
"Miracles and Explanations"
"Great Minds Needn't Think Alike to be Right: Advocates of Science and Religion Can Co-Exist"
Student Essay
"Can One Compare Science and Religion?"
Issues for Further Research: Teaching Human Origins in the Public Schools
"Teaching Evolution at a Christian College"
"Should Science Speak to Faith?"
Student Essay
"The Battle over Creationism"
Connections among the Clusters
Writing Projects
for Further Reading
Masterpieces of Argument
What Do They Teach Us About the Art of Persuasion?
"Tragedy of Vietnam" (photograph)
"Allegory of the Cave"
"To His Coy Mistress"
"A Modest Proposal"
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
"Keynote Address at the First Woman's Rights Convention"
"I Hear the Mournful Wail of Millions"
"The Obligation to Endure"
"The Perils of Obedience"
"The Character of Hamlet's Mother"
Connections among the Clusters
Writing Projects
for Further Reading
Glossary of Rhetorical Terms
Index of Authors and Titles
Index of Terms
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