Western Civilization Ideas, Politics, and Society

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-10-20
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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This survey text presents the Western intellectual tradition within a chronology of political history. Known for its accessible writing style, Western Civilization appeals to students and instructors alike for its brevity, clarity, and careful selection of content. New technology resources--including Houghton Mifflin's Eduspace course management system--make learning more engaging and instruction more efficient. In the Eighth Edition, several new pedagogical features support students throughout the term. Chapter-opening focus questions direct students to important themes, while a glossary reinforces key terms and concepts. New icons in the text direct students to online resources such as maps, primary sources, and practice test questions. In addition, the new edition retains many popular features, including comparative timelines, full-color maps with physical geography essays, and primary source excerpts. New! Eduspace for History is an online learning tool that pairs the widely recognized resources of Blackboard with quality content from Houghton Mifflin. Developed to meet the unique needs of history curricula, Eduspace for History offers access to primary sources, interactive maps, and supplemental study materials, as well as writing tips and tutorials (and, in qualified adoption situations, the anti-plagiarism resources of MyDropBox). Homework exercises, writing assignments paired with source documents, debate questions for online discussion boards, and tests all come ready-to-use. New! Icons in the margins of the text direct students to online maps and primary sources, as well as the Online Study Center, which includes ACE practice tests, interactive activities, and a range of materials to help students succeed in the course. New! Chapter-opening focus questions call attention to key themes students will explore in each chapter, while a glossary at the end of the book reinforces key terms and concepts. New! The text has been streamlined to tell the story of western civilization in a more effective and efficient way. The text's smaller size and paperback format make it the convenient, cost-effective choice for instructors of Western Civilization.

Table of Contents

The Ancient World: Foundation of the West to A.D. 500
The Ancient Near East
The First Civilizations
The Rise to Civilization
Mesopotamian Civilization
Egyptian Civilization
Empire Builders
The Religious Orientation of the Near East
The Hebrews
A New View of God and the Individual
Outline of Hebrew History
God: One, Sovereign, Transcendent, Good
The Individual and Moral Autonomy
The Covenant and the Law
The Hebrew Idea of History
The Prophets
The Legacy of the Ancient Jews
The Greek City-State: Democratic Politics
Early Aegean Civilizations
The Rise of Hellenic Civilization
Evolution of the City-State Athenian Greatness
The Decline of the City-States
The Dilemma of Greek Politics
Greek Thought
From Myth to Reason Philosophy
Art Poetry and Drama History
The Greek Achievement: Reason, Freedom, Humanism
The Hellenistic Age Cultural
Diffusion Alexander the Great Hellenistic Society Hellenistic Culture
The Roman Republic
City-State to World Empire Evolution of the Roman
Constitution Roman Expansion to 146 B.C.
Culture in the Republic
The Collapse of the Republic
The Roman Empire
A World-State Augustus and the Foundations of the Roman Empire
The Pax Romana Signs of Trouble
The Decline of Rome
The Roman Legacy
Early Christianity
A World Religion Origins of Christianity
Spread and Triumph of Christianity
Growth of Christian Organization, Doctrine, and Attitudes
Saint Augustine: The Christian World-View
Christianity and Classical
Humanism: Alternative World-Views
The Middle Ages
The Christian Centuries, 5001400
The Heirs of Rome
Byzantium, Islam, and Latin Christendom
Byzantine Civilization
The Medieval Christian East Islamic
Civilization: Its Development and Dissemination Latin
Christendom: The Rise of Europe
The Church: Shaper of Medieval Civilization
The Kingdom of the Franks Medieval Society
Art Essay: The Art of the Ancient World and the Middle Ages
The High Middle Ages
Vitality and Renewal Economic Expansion
The Rise of States
The Growth of Papal Power Christians and Jews
The Flowering of Medieval Culture
The Christian Synthesis Revival of Learning
The Medieval World-View Philosophy-Theology Science
The Recovery of Roman Law Literature Architecture
The Late Middle Ages
Crisis and Dissolution An Age of Adversity
The Decline of the Papacy Breakup of the Thomistic Synthesis
The Middle Ages and the Modern World
Continuity and Discontinuity
Early Modern
Europe: From Renaissance to Enlightenment, 13501789
The Renaissance
Transition to the Modern Age Italy
Birthplace of the Renaissance
The Renaissance Outlook
Humanism and Secular Politics Renaissance Art
The Spread of the Renaissance
The Renaissance and the Modern Age
Art Essay: The Renaissance
The Reformation
Shattering of Christendom Background to the Reformation
The Medieval Church in Crisis
The Lutheran Revolt
Art Essay: The Renaissance
The Spread of the Reformation
The Catholic Response
The Reformation and the Modern Age
European Expansion
Economic and Social Transformations
European Expansion
The Price Revolution
The Expansion of Agriculture
The Expansion of Trade and Industry
The Growth of Capitalism Seventeenth-Century Decline and Renewal
The Elite and the People Economic and Social Transformations
The Rise of Sovereignty
Transition to the Modern State Monarchs and Elites as State Builders
The Rise and Fall of Hapsburg Spain
The Growth of French Power
The Growth of Limited Monarchy and Constitutionalism in England
The Netherlands: A Bourgeois Republic
The Holy Roman Empire
The Failure to Unify Germany
The Emergence of Austria and Prussia Russia
The State and Modern Political Development
The Scientific Revolution
The Mechanical Universe and Its Implications
Medieval Cosmology A New View of Nature
Art Essay: Art of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
The Newtonian Synthesis
Experiment, Mathematics, and Theory Biology, Medicine, and Chemistry
Prophets and Proponents of the New Science
The Social Implications of the Scientific Revolution
The Meaning of the Scientific Revolution
The Age of Enlightenment
Reason and Reform
The Formation of a Public and Secular Culture
The Science of Religion
Political Thought
Social Thought
Economic Thought
The High Enlightenment European
Political and Diplomatic Developments
The Enlightenment in Eastern Europe
The American Revolution
The Enlightenment and the Modern World
An Age of Revolution
Liberal, National, Industrial, 17891848
The French Revolution
Affirmation of Liberty and Equality
The Old Regime
The Moderate Stage, 178991
The Radical Stage, 179294
The Meaning of the French Revolution
Subverter and Preserver of the Revolution
Rise to Power Napoleon and France Napoleon and Europe
The Fall of Napoleon
The Legend and the Achievement
The Industrial Revolution
The Transformation of Society
The Origins of the Industrial Age Society
Transformed Relief and Reform
Industrialism in Perspective
Thought and Culture in the Early Nineteenth Century
Romanticism: A New Cultural Orientation German
Idealism Conservatism: The Value of Tradition
Liberalism: The Value of the Individual
Radicalism and Democracy: The Expansion of Liberalism
Early Socialism: New Possibilities for Society
Nationalism: The Sacredness of the Nation
Europe, 18151848
Revolution and Counterrevolution
The Congress of Vienna, 181415
Revolutions, 18201829
Revolutions, 18301832
The Rise of Reform in Britain
The Revolutions of 1848: France
The Revolutions of 1848: Germany, Austria, and Italy
The Revolutions of 1848: An Assessment
An Age of Contradiction
Progress and Breakdown, 18481914
Thought and Culture in the Mid-Nineteenth Century
Realism and Social Criticism
Realism and Naturalism
Liberalism in Transition
Feminism: Extending the Principle of Equality
The Surge of Nationalism
From Liberal to Extreme Nationalism
The Unification of Italy
The Unification of Germany
Nationality Problems in the Hapsburg Empire
The Rise of Racial Nationalism
The Industrial West: Responses to Modernization
The Advance of Industry
Art Essay: Art of the Late Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
Great Britain: An Industrial
Model France: Democratic or Authoritarian?
Germany: Welding an Empire
Italy: Unfulfilled Expectations
Russia: The Tsarist Empire
The United States: Democratic
Giant A Golden Age?
Western Imperialism: Global Dominance
Emergence of the New Imperialism
European Domination of Asia
The Scramble for Africa Latin America
The Legacy of Imperialism
Modern Consciousness
New Views of Nature, Human Nature, and the Arts
Irrationalism Freud: A New View of Human Nature
Social Thought: Confronting the Irrational and the Complexities of Modern Society
The Modernist Movement Modern Physics
The Enlightenment Tradition in Disarray
World Wars and Totalitarianism
The West in Crisis, 19141945
World War I: The West in Despair
Aggravated Nationalist Tensions in Austria-Hungary
The German System of Alliances
The Triple Entente
The Drift Toward War War as Celebration
Stalemate in the West Other Fronts
The Collapse of the Cen
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