The Western Heritage Volume 2

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  • Edition: 10th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-06-24
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Written by leading scholars in the field, this authoritative text presents an engaging and balanced narrative of the central developments in Western history. Seamlessly integrating coverage of social, cultural, and political history, the presentation reflects a flexible chronological organization. The Tenth Edition provides updated scholarship, expanded coverage of European imperialism prior to World War I, streamlined coverage of the period between the two World Wars, and a brand new featureCompare & Connectwhich presents students with two or more documents that reflect opposing viewpoints on a topic and engages them to become part of the historical discourse.

Author Biography

Donald Kagan is Sterling Professor of History and Classics at Yale University, where he has taught since 1969. He received the A.B. degree in history from Brooklyn College, the M.A. in classics from Brown University, and the Ph.D. in history from Ohio State University. During 1958–1959 he studied at the American School of Classical Studies as a Fulbright Scholar. He has received three awards for undergraduate teaching at Cornell and Yale. He is the author of a history of Greek political thought, The Great Dialogue (1965); a four-volume history of the Peloponnesian war, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War (1969); The Archidamian War (1974); The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (1981); The Fall of the Athenian Empire (1987); a biography of Pericles, Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy (1991); On the Origins of War (1995); and The Peloponnesian War (2003). He is coauthor, with Frederick W. Kagan, of While America Sleeps (2000). With Brian Tierney and L. Pearce Williams, he is the editor of Great Issues in Western Civilization, a collection of readings. He was awarded the National Humanities Medal for 2002 and was chosen by the National Endowment for the Humanities to deliver the Jefferson Lecture in 2004.


Steven Ozment is McLean Professor of Ancient and Modern History at Harvard University. He has taught Western Civilization at Yale, Stanford, and Harvard. He is the author of eleven books. The Age of Reform, 1250—1550 (1980) won the Schaff Prize and was nominated for the 1981 National Book Award. Five of his books have been selections of the History Book Club: Magdalena and Balthasar: An Intimate Portrait of Life in Sixteenth Century Europe (1986), Three Behaim Boys: Growing Up in Early Modern Germany (1990), Protestants: The Birth of A Revolution (1992), The Burgermeister’s Daughter: Scandal in a Sixteenth Century German Town (1996), and Flesh and Spirit: Private Life in Early Modern Germany (1999). His most recent publications are Ancestors: The Loving Family of Old Europe (2001), A Mighty Fortress: A New History of the German People (2004), and “Why We Study Western Civ,” The Public Interest 158 (2005).


Frank M. Turner is John Hay Whitney Professor of History at Yale University and Director of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, where he served as University Provost from 1988 to 1992. He received his B.A. degree at the College of William and Mary and his Ph.D. from Yale. He has received the Yale College Award for Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching. He has directed a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute. His scholarly research has received the support of fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Guggenheim Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson Center. He is the author of Between Science and Religion: The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England (1974), The Greek Heritage in Victorian Britain  (1981), which received the British Council Prize of the Conference on British Studies and the Yale Press Governors Award,  Contesting Cultural Authority: Essays in Victorian Intellectual Life  (1993), and  John Henry Newman: The Challenge to Evangelical Religion  (2002). He has also contributed numerous articles to journals and has served on the editorial advisory boards of The Journal of Modern History, Isis, and Victorian Studies. He edited The Idea of a University by John Henry Newman (1996), Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke (2003), and Apologia Pro Vita Sua and Six Sermons by John Henry Newman (2008). Between l996 and 2006 he served as a Trustee of Connecticut College and between 2004 and 2008 as a member of the Connecticut Humanities Council. In 2003, Professor Turner was appointed Director of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University.

Table of Contents

European State Consolidation in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
The Netherlands: Golden Age to Decline
Urban Prosperity
Economic Decline
Two Models of European Political Development
Constitutional Crisis and Settlement in Stuart England
James I
Charles I
The Long Parliament and Civil War
Oliver Cromwell and the Puritan Republic
Charles II and the Restoration of the Monarchy
The ldquo;Glorious Revolutionrdquo;
The Age of Walpole
Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France: The World of Louis XIV
Years of Personal Rule
Versailles King by Divine Right Louisrsquo;s
Early Wars
Louisrsquo;s Repressive Religious Policies
Louisrsquo;s Later Wars
Franceafter Louis XIV
Central and Eastern Europe
Poland: Absence of Strong Central Authority
The Habsburg Empire _and the Pragmatic Sanction
Prussiaand the Hohenzollerns RussiaEnters the European Political Arena
The Romanor Dynasty
Peter the Great
The Ottoman Empire
Religious Toleration and Ottoman Government
The End of Ottoman Expansion
In Perspective
New Directions in Thought and Culture in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
The Scientific Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus Rejects an Earth-Centered Universe
Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler Make New Scientific Discoveries
Galileo Galilei Argues for a Universe of Mathematical Laws
Isaac Newton Discovers _the Laws of Gravitation
Philosophy Responds to Changing Science Nature as Mechanism
Francis Bacon: The Empirical Method Reneacute;
Descartes: The Method of Rational Deduction
Thomas Hobbes: Apologist for Absolute Government
John Locke: Defender of Moderate Liberty and Toleration
The New Institutions of Expanding Natural Knowledge
Women in the World of the Scientific Revolution
The New Science and Religious Faith
The Case of Galileo Blaise
Pascal: Reason and Faith
The English Approach to Science and Religion
Continuing Superstition
Witch-Hunts and Panic
Who Were the Witches?
End of the Witch-Hunts
Baroque Art
In Perspective
Society and Economy Under the Old Regime in the Eig
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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