What Is Psychology?

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-07-11
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


By focusing on material most relevant to the Introductory Psychology course while maintaining the narrative flow, authors Ellen Pastorino and Susann Doyle-Portillo invite students to see the big picture of psychology as opposed to a collection of fragmented ideas. With an unparalleled integration of diversity, applications, and critical thinking, WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY? captures and holds students' interest using "The Big Picture," a real life story of a person whose experience illustrates the concepts of the chapter. Upon entering this course, today's students ask "Why should Psychology matter to me?" Drawing from their own research and first-hand work in classrooms on assessment, inclusion, and reaching under-prepared students, Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo answer this question using practical everyday examples focused on the student (e.g., asking students to design a research study based on the hypothesis that listening to rock and roll facilitates studying).

Table of Contents

What Is Psychology?
The Big Picture: What Do Psychologists See?
September 11th: Illustrating the Diversity and Complexity of Psychology
Correcting Common Misconceptions
About the Field of Psychology
So, What Is Psychology?
The Origins of Psychology
Careers in Psychology
Psychological Research
Issues in Psychological Research
How Does Biology Influence Our Behavior?
The Big Picture: What Would We be Without a Brain?
Jean-Dominque BaubyÆs The Diving Bell and the Butterfly: The Story of a Man Trapped in His Own Body
Communication within the Brain and Body
Billions of Neurons: Communication in the Brain
Neurotransmitters: Chemical Messengers in the Brain
The Structure of the Nervous System
The Brain and Spine: The Central Nervous System
Techniques for Studying the Brain
The Endocrine System: Hormones and Behavior
Becoming Who We Are: Genetics and Biology
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
How Do We Sense And Perceive Our World?
The Big Picture: How Do We Take It All In?
Richard CytowicÆs The Man Who Tasted Shapes: Do You Like Your Chicken "Pointy"?
Measuring Sensation and Perception
Taste, Smell, and the Body Senses
Perception and Our Perceptual Organization
Perception and Our Perceptual Organization: Perceiving Shape, Size, and Brightness
The Accuracy of Perception
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
Consciousness: Wide AWake, In A Daze, Or Dreaming?
The Big Picture: What is Consciousness?
Dave PelzerÆs A Child Called It: One ManÆs Experience With Altered States
Sleep, Dreaming, and Circadian Rhythm
Hypnosis: Real or Imagined? Psychoactive Drugs
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
How Do We Learn?
The Big Picture: Lifetimes of Experience
Michael AptedÆs 42Up: A British Filmmaker Tracks a Group of Children as They Learn About Life From Age 7 to Age 42
Defining Learning: In and Beyond the Classroom
Orienting and Habitutation: Learning to Ignore
Classical Conditioning: Learning Through the Association of Stimuli
Instrumental and Operant Conditioning: Learning from the Consequences of Our Actions
Social Learning or Modeling
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
HOw Does Memory Function? The Big Picture: MemoryÆs Imperfections
A Story of Mistaken Identity: Mellissa GammillÆs Nightmare
The Functions of Memory: Encoding, Storing, and Retrieving
The Traditional Three Stages Model of Memory
Long-term Memory: Permanent Storage
Retrieval and Forgetting: Random Access Memory?
Is Memory Accurate?
Improving Your Memory: Tips to Remember
The Biology of Memory
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
Cognition, Language, And Intelligence: HOw Do We Think?
The Big Picture: A Life Without Language?
Susan SchallerÆs A Man Without Words: The Story of Ildelfonso, a Deaf Man Who DidnÆt Know that Language Existed
Thinking: How We Use What We Know
Problem Solving: Where Does Our Thinking Get Us? Reasoning, Decision-Making and Judgment
Language: Essential to Thought and Action
Defining and Measuring Intelligence
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
Motivation And Emotion: What Guides Our Behavior?
The Big Picture: Why We Do What We Do
Marya HornbacherÆs Wasted: One WomanÆs Life-Long Struggles with Eating Disorders
Theories About Motivation
Hunger and Thirst: What Makes Us Eat and Drink?
The Puzzle of Destructive Motivation
Theories and Expression of Emotion
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
How Do Children Grow, Change, And Develop?
The Big Picture: What is Childhood All About?
Frank McCourtÆs AngelaÆs Ashes: A Child Develops in Poverty
Why Study Development? Prenatal Development
Physical Development: Growing, Moving, and Exploring
Cognitive Development: Perceiving and Thinking
Moral Reasoning: How We Think About Right and Wrong
Social Development
Personality Development
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
How Do ADolescents ANd Adults Change And Develop?
The Big Picture: The Changes and Challenges of Life
Helie LeeÆs Still Life with Rice: One WomanÆs Passage Through Adolescence and Adulthood
Physical Changes in Adolescence and Adulthood
Cognitive Changes in Adolescence and Adulthood
Psychological Transitions in Adolescence and Adulthood
Social Relations in Adolescence and Adulthood
Adult Development and the World of Work
Death and Dying
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
How Does Gender & Sexuality Impact Our Behavior?
The Big Picture: Developing a Gender and Sexual Identity
Jeffrey ElliotÆs (Editor) Conversations with Maya Angelou: How Gender and Sexuality Impacted her Life
Gender Identity and Gender Differences
Sexual Behavior and Attitudes: And the Survey Says?
Sexual Orientation
Sexual Arousal and Response
Sexual Disorders
Sexual Coercion
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
How Do We Understand And Relate To Others?
The Big Picture: What Does It Mean To Be A Social Animal?
Luis J RodriguezÆs Always Running: One ManÆs Life in L.A Street Gangs
Attitudes and Attitude Change
How We Form Impressions of Others
Prejudice: How It Occurs and How To Reduce It
The Nature of Attraction
Groups and Group Influence
Requests and Demands: Compliance and Obedience
Helping Behavior: Will You Or WonÆt You? Are You Getting the Big Picture?
Health, Stress & Coping: How Can You Create A Healthy Life?
The Big Picture: What Can Psychology Tell Us about Health?
Edward T Pastorino: If You Have Your Health, You Have Everything
Stress and Stressors
The Stress Response: Is This Stress?
How Do I React?
Coping with Stress
Personality and Health
Lifestyle and Health
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
WHat Is Personality And How Do We Measure It?
The Big Picture: Understanding Personality
James McBrideÆs The Color of Water: The Story of a Family That is Full of Personality
The Psychoanalytic Approach: Sigmund Freud and the Neo-Freudians
The Trait Approach: Describing Personality
The Social Cognitive Approach: The Environment and Patterns of Thoughts
The Humanistic Approach: Free Will and Self-Actualization
Measuring Personality
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
What Are Psychological Disorders And How Can We Understand Them?
The Big Picture: When a Beautiful Mind Goes Awry
Sylvia NasarÆs A Beautiful Mind & Amy TanÆs The Opposite of Fate: Four Stories on Mental Health
What Makes Behavior Abnormal? Three Perspectives to Explain Abnormal Behavior
The DSM Model for Classifying Abnormal Behavior
Anxiety Disorders: ItÆs Not Just "Nerves"
Mood Disorders: Beyond the Blues
Schizophrenic Disorders: Disintegration
Dissociative and Somatoform Disorders: Personalities and Illnesses
Personality Disorders: A Maladaptive Quirk
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
What Is Therapy?
The Big Picture: The Ups and Downs of Life
Emily Fox GordonÆs The Mockingbird Years: A Life in and Out of Therapy
Providing Psychological Assistance
Psychoanalytic Therapies: Uncovering Reasons for Psychological Problems
Humanistic Therapy: Empathizing to Empower
Behavior Therapies: Learning Healthier Behaviors
Cognitive Therapies: Thinking through Problems
Group Therapy Approaches: Strength in Numbers
Effective Psychotherapy: What Treatments Work?
Biological and Medical Therapies: Changing the Chemistry
Are You Getting the Big Picture?
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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