Why Does College Cost So Much?

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-11-17
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Much of what is written about colleges and universities ties rapidly rising tuition to dysfunctional behavior in the academy. Common targets of dysfunction include prestige games among universities, gold plated amenities, and bloated administration. This book offers a different view. To explain rising college cost, the authors place the higher education industry firmly within the larger economic history of the United States. The trajectory of college cost is similar to cost behavior in many other industries, and this is no coincidence. Higher education is a personal service that relies on highly educated labor. A technological trio of broad economic forces has come together in the last thirty years to cause higher education costs, and costs in many other industries, to rise much more rapidly than the inflation rate. The main culprit is economic growth itself. This finding does not mean that all is well in American higher education. A college education has become less reachable to a broad swathe of the American public at the same time that the market demand for highly educated people has soared. This affordability problem has deep roots. The authors explore how cost pressure, the changing wage structure of the US economy, and the complexity of financial aid policy combine to reduce access to higher education below what we need in the 21st century labor market. This book is a call to calm the rhetoric of blame and to instead find policies that will increase access to higher education while preserving the quality of our colleges and universities.

Author Biography

Robert Archibald teaches economics and public policy at the College of William and Mary. While he has held several administrative posts, he is regularly promoted back to the faculty. In the past six years, together with David Feldman, he has published widely on the economics of higher education.

David Feldman teaches in the economics department and in the Public Policy Program at the College of William & Mary. He has been honored with a University Professorship for Teaching Excellence. In addition to his work with Robert Archibald on higher education he writes about the international economy.

Table of Contents

The Landscape of the College Cost Debatep. 5
Is Higher Education All That Unusual?p. 19
Higher Education Is a Servicep. 35
The Costs of Employing Highly Educated Workersp. 49
Cost and Quality in Higher Educationp. 63
The Bottom Line: Why Does College Cost So Much?p. 82
Is Higher Education Increasingly Dysfunctional?p. 92
Productivity Growth in Higher Educationp. 114
Tuition and Fees
Subsidies and Tuition Settingp. 137
List-Price Tuition and Institutional Grantsp. 150
Outside Financial Aidp. 171
The College Affordability Crisisp. 185
Federal Policy and College Tuitionp. 201
Financial Aid Policyp. 214
Rewriting the Relationship between States and Their Public Universitiesp. 235
A Few Final Observationsp. 252
Data on Costs and Pricesp. 263
Granger Causality Tests of the Bennett Hypothesisp. 267
Notesp. 271
Bibliographyp. 277
Indexp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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