Windows Server 2012 Unleashed

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-09-16
  • Publisher: Sams Publishing
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


Comprehensive, practical reference to the new version of Microsoft's flagship server operating system Provides insight into the new virtualization tools, cloud platforms, Web resources, management enhancements, and Windows 8 integration. Authors have been on the early adopter program for Windows 2012 for the past 2 years, more than 18-months before the public has even 'seen' Windows Server 2012. Loaded with practical, independent advice that will save IT Pros time, effort, and money.Windows Server 20012 Unleashed covers the next generation of Windows Server operating system. It will release around the same time as Windows 8, and will integrate with it tightly. Windows Server 2012 includes a number of major updates and improvements to Windows Server, including Hyper-V virtualization, Remote Desktop Services (formerly Terminal Services), remote access technologies, better integration with desktop Windows, better support for cloud platforms, and more. Windows Server 2012 Unleashed will provide the comprehensive, authoritative,and practical information on Windows Server that the many fans of the series have come to expect, from basic installation and migration chapters through the more complex technology chapters on security, disaster recovery, performance optimization, and systems management. The authors - leading Windows Server experts - have written several previous bestselling Unleashed titles on Windows Server, and are extremely familiar with the core Windows 2012 platform. They have been on the early adopter TAP program for Windows 2012 for the past 2 years, more than 18-months before the public 'saw' Windows Server 2012, and have been working with actual production implementations of Windows 2012 for the past year. They have based the book on lessons learned, best practices, tips, and tricks built on the experience they've gained prior in those years of working with the product.

Author Biography

Rand Morimoto, Ph.D., MVP, MCITP, CISSP, has been in the computer industry for more than 30 years and has authored, coauthored, or been a contributing writer for dozens of books on Windows, Security, Exchange, BizTalk, and Remote and Mobile Computing. Rand is the president of Convergent Computing, an IT-consulting firm in the San Francisco Bay area that has been one of the key early adopter program partners with Microsoft, implementing the latest Microsoft technologies, including Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2, System Center 2012, Windows 7, Exchange Server 2013, Windows Server 2012, and SharePoint 2010 in production environments more than 18 months before the initial product releases.


Michael Noel, MCITP, MVP, is an internationally recognized technology expert, bestselling author, and well-known public speaker on a broad range of IT topics. He authored multiple major industry books that have been translated into more than a dozen languages worldwide. Michael has presented at over one hundred technical and business conferences in more than fifty countries around the world and on all seven continents, including the first ever IT conference in Antarctica. Currently a partner at Convergent Computing (www.cco.com) in the San Francisco Bay area, Michael’s writing and extensive public-speaking experience across all seven continents leverage his real-world expertise in helping organizations realize business value from Information Technology infrastructure.


Guy Yardeni, MCITP, CISSP, MVP, is an accomplished infrastructure architect, author, and overall geek-for-hire. Guy has been working in the IT industry for more than 15 years and has extensive experience designing, implementing, and supporting enterprise technology solutions. Guy is an expert at connecting business requirements to technology solutions and driving to successful completion the technical details of the effort while maintaining overall goals and vision. Guy maintains a widely read technical blog at www.rdpfiles.com and is a Windows MVP.


Omar Droubi, MCSE, MCTS, has maintained a successful career and delivered quality work as a senior Information Technology professional for more than 20 years by keeping current with the latest technological developments and trends. As a writer, he has coauthored several Sams Publishing best-selling books, including Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Unleashed, Windows Server 2008 Unleashed, and Windows Server 2008 R2 Unleashed. Omar has also been a contributing writer and technical reviewer on several Microsoft Exchange Server books and publications. He has been deeply involved in testing, designing, and prototyping Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 for the past several years and plans to assist organizations in getting the most out of the latest features included in the products.


Andrew Abbate enjoys the position of principal consultant and partner at Convergent Computing. With nearly 20 years of experience in IT, Andrew’s area of expertise is understanding a business’s needs and translating that to process and technologies to solve real problems. Having worked with companies from the Fortune Ten to companies of 10, Andrew has a unique perspective on IT and a grasp on “big picture” consulting. Andrew has also written eight industry books on varying technologies ranging from Windows to Security to Unified Communications.


Chris Amaris, MCITP, MCTS, CISSP/ISSAP, CHS III, is the chief technology officer and cofounder of Convergent Computing. He has more than 20 years experience consulting for Fortune 500 companies, leading companies in the technology selection, design, planning, and implementation of complex information technology projects. Chris has worked with Microsoft System Center products such as Operations Manager and Configuration Manager since their original releases in 2000 and 1994. He specializes in messaging, security, performance tuning, systems management, and migration. Receiving his first Microsoft technologies certification in 1993, Chris is a current Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP) with multiple Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) certifications in System Center technologies, a Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) with an Information System Security Architecture Professional (ISSAP) concentration, Certified Homeland Security (CHS III), a Novell CNE, a Banyan CBE, and a Certified Project Manager. Chris is also an author, writer, and technical editor for a number of IT books, including System Center 2012 Unleashed, Network Security for Government and Corporate Executives, Exchange 2010 Unleashed , and Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Unleashed.


Table of Contents

Introduction    1

Part I  Windows Server 2012 Overview

1  Windows Server 2012 Technology Primer    5

When Is the Right Time to Migrate?    15

Versions of Windows Server 2012    16

Improvements for Continuous Availability    20

Enhancements for Flexible Identity and Security    23

Enabling Users to Work Anywhere    29

Simplifying the Datacenter    35

Addition of Migration Tools    44

Identifying Which Windows Server 2012 Service to Install or Migrate to First    45

Summary    49

Best Practices    49

2  Planning, Prototyping, Migrating, and Deploying Windows Server 2012    51

Determining the Scope of Your Project    52

Identifying the Business Goals and Objectives to Implement

Windows Server 2012    52

Identifying the Technical Goals and Objectives to Implement Windows Server 2012    55

The Discovery Phase: Understanding the Existing Environment    61

The Design Phase: Documenting the Vision and the Plan    64

The Migration Planning Phase: Documenting the Process for Migration    69

The Prototype Phase: Creating and Testing the Plan    74

The Pilot Phase: Validating the Plan to a Limited Number of Users    76

The Migration/Implementation Phase: Conducting the Migration or Installation    79

Summary    80

Best Practices    81

3  Installing Windows Server 2012 and Server Core    85

Planning for a Server Installation    85

Installing a Clean Version of Windows Server 2012

Operating System    91

Upgrading to Windows Server 2012    99

Understanding Server Core Installation    103

Managing and Configuring a Server Core Installation    105

Performing an Unattended Windows Server 2012 Installation    113

Summary    113

Best Practices    113

Part II  Windows Server 2012 Active Directory

4  Active Directory Domain Services Primer    115

The Evolution of Directory Services    116

Understanding the Development of AD DS    117

AD DS Structure    118

Outlining AD DS Components    121

Understanding Domain Trusts    125

Defining Organizational Units    127

Outlining the Role of Groups in an AD DS Environment    128

Understanding AD DS Replication    130

Outlining the Role of DNS in AD DS    132

Outlining AD DS Security    134

Outlining AD DS Changes in Windows Server 2012    135

Summary    146

Best Practices    146

5  Designing a Windows Server 2012 Active Directory    149

Understanding AD DS Domain Design    149

Choosing a Domain Namespace    151

Examining Domain Design Features    152

Choosing a Domain Structure    154

Understanding the Single-Domain Model    155

Understanding the Multiple-Domain Model    158

Understanding the Multiple Trees in a Single-Forest Model    160

Understanding the Federated-Forests Model    162

Understanding the Empty-Root Domain Model    165

Understanding the Placeholder Domain Model    167

Understanding the Special-Purpose Domain Model    169

Renaming an AD DS Domain    170

Summary    173

Best Practices    173

6  Designing Organizational Unit and Group Structure    175

Defining Organizational Units in AD DS    176

Defining AD Groups    178

OU and Group Design    182

Starting an OU Design    182

Using OUs to Delegate Administration    184

Group Policies and OU Design    186

Understanding Group Design    186

Exploring Sample Design Models    188

Summary    193

Best Practices    194

7  Active Directory Infrastructure    195

Understanding AD DS Replication in Depth    195

Understanding Active Directory Sites    200

Planning Replication Topology    207

Windows Server 2012 IPv6 Support    214

Detailing Real-World Replication Designs    216

Deploying Read-Only Domain Controllers    220

Deploying a Clone Virtualized DC    223

Summary    226

Best Practices    226

8  Creating Federated Forests and Lightweight Directories    229

Keeping a Distributed Environment in Sync    229

Active Directory Federation Services    235

Synchronizing Directory Information with Forefront

Identity Manager    238

Harnessing the Power and Potential of FIM    241

Summary    244

Best Practices    244

9  Integrating AD in a Unix Environment    245

Understanding and Using Windows Server 2012 UNIX Integration

Components    245

Reviewing the Subsystem for UNIX-Based Applications    252

Administrative Improvements with Windows Server 2012    253

Summary    255

Best Practices    255

Part III  Networking Services

10  Domain Name System, WINS, and DNSSEC    257

The Need for DNS    258

Getting Started with DNS on Windows Server 2012    262

Resource Records    265

Understanding DNS Zones    269

Performing Zone Transfers    273

Understanding DNS Queries    276

Other DNS Components    277

Understanding the Evolution of Microsoft DNS    285

DNS in Windows Server 2012    286

DNS in an Active Directory Domain Services Environment    288

Troubleshooting DNS    292

Secure DNS with DNSSEC    301

Reviewing the Windows Internet Naming Service    308

Installing and Configuring WINS    308

Planning, Migrating, and Maintaining WINS    312

Summary    316

Best Practices    316

11  DHCP, IPv6, IPAM    319

Understanding the Components of an Enterprise Network    319

Exploring DHCP    321

Exploring DHCP Changes in Windows Server 2012    329

Enhancing DHCP Reliability    336

Exploring Advanced DHCP Concepts    347

Securing DHCP    348

IPv6 Introduction    349

Configuring IPv6 on Windows Server 2012    360

IP Address Management    367

Installing the IPAM Server and Client Features    368

Exploring the IPAM Console    382

Summary    385

Best Practices    385

12  Internet Information Services    387

Understanding Internet Information Services 8    387

Planning and Designing IIS 8    391

Installing and Upgrading IIS 8    393

Installing and Configuring Websites    399

Installing and Configuring FTP Services    408

Securing IIS 8    418

Summary    426

Best Practices    427

Part IV  Security

13  Sever-Level Security    429

Defining Windows Server 2012 Security    429

Deploying Physical Security    430

Using the Integrated Windows Firewall with Advanced

Security    433

Hardening Servers    437

Examining File-Level Security    445

Malware and Backup Protection    450

Using Windows Server Update Services    452

Summary    457

Best Practices    458

14  Securing Data in Transit    459

Introduction to Securing Data in Transit in Windows

Server 2012    460

Deploying a Public Key Infrastructure with

Windows Server 2012    461

Understanding Active Directory Certificate Services in

Windows Server 2012    463

Active Directory Rights Management Services    472

Using IPsec Encryption with Windows Server 2012    475

Summary    477

Best Practices    478

15  Network Policy Server, Network Access Protection and Routing and Remote Access    479

Understanding Network Access Protection in Windows

Server 2012    480

Deploying a Windows Server 2012 Network

Policy Server    482

Enforcing Policy Settings with a Network

Policy Server    485

Verifying the Client-Side Configuration    492

Deploying a Virtual Private Network Using RRAS    494

Summary    500

Best Practices    501

Part V  Migrating to Windows Server 2012

16  Migrating from Active Directory 2008 / 2008 R2 to Active Directory 2012    503

Beginning the Migration Process    504

Big Bang Migration    507

Phased Migration    512

Multiple Domain Consolidation Migration    527

Summary    542

Best Practices    543

17  Compatibility Testing    545

The Importance of Compatibility Testing    546

Preparing for Compatibility Testing    547

Researching Products and Applications    553

Verifying Compatibility with Vendors    556

Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkit    562

Lab-Testing Existing Applications    562

Documenting the Results of the Compatibility Testing    565

Determining Whether a Prototype Phase Is Required    565

Summary    566

Best Practices    567

Part VI  Windows Server 2012 Administration and Management

18  Windows Server 2012 Administration    569

Defining the Administrative Model    570

Examining Active Directory Site Administration    571

Configuring Sites    574

Windows Server 2012 Active Directory Groups    582

Creating Groups    583

Managing Users with Local Security and

Group Policies    588

Managing Printers with the Print Management Console    596

Summary    602

Best Practices    602

19  Windows Server 2012 Group Policies and Policy Management    605

Group Policy Overview    605

Group Policy Processing: How Does It Work?    607

Local Group Policies    609

Domain-Based Group Policies    611

Security Templates    611

Understanding Group Policy    612

Group Policy Policies Node    625

Group Policy Preferences Node    628

Policy Management Tools    628

Designing a Group Policy Infrastructure    637

GPO Administrative Tasks    641

Summary    660

Best Practices    661

20  Windows Server 2012 Management and Maintenance Practices    663

Going Green with Windows Server 2012    664

Server Manager Dashboard    665

Managing Windows Server 2012 Roles and Features    667

Creating a Server Group    672

Viewing Events    672

Server Manager Storage Page    682

Auditing the Environment    686

Managing Windows Server 2012 Remotely    695

Common Practices for Securing and Managing

Windows Server 2012    701

Keeping Up with Service Packs and Updates    703

Maintaining Windows Server 2012    707

Summary    717

Best Practices    717

21  Automating Tasks Using PowerShell Scripting    719

Understanding Shells    720

Introduction to PowerShell    722

Understanding PowerShell Fundamentals    724

Using Windows PowerShell    751

Summary    782

Best Practices    783

22  Documenting a Windows Server 2012 Environment    785

Benefits of Documentation    786

Types of Documents    787

Planning to Document the Windows Server 2012 Environment    788

Knowledge Sharing and Knowledge Management    788

Windows Server 2012 Project Documents    789

Administration and Maintenance Documents    802

Network Infrastructure    806

Disaster Recovery Documentation    807

Change Management Procedures    810

Performance Documentation    810

Baselining Records for Documentation Comparisons    811

Routine Reporting    811

Security Documentation    812

Summary    813

Best Practices    813

23  Integrating System Center Operations Manager 2012 with Windows Server 2012    815

Windows Server 2012 Monitoring    816

Understanding How OpsMgr Works    818

OpsMgr Architecture Components    823

Securing OpsMgr    834

Fault Tolerance and Disaster Recovery    839

Understanding OpsMgr Components    845

Putting It All Together in a Design    850

Installing Operations Manager 2012    858

Configuring OpsMgr    873

Administering OpsMgr    882

Exploring the Windows 2012 Management Pack    889

Summary    900

Best Practices    900

Part VII  Remote and Mobile Technologies

24  Server-to-Client Remote and Mobile Access    903

What’s New for Remote Access in Windows Server 2012    905

VPN in Windows Server 2012    907

RAS System Authentication Options    911

VPN Protocols    913

DirectAccess in Windows Server 2012    918

Choosing Between Traditional VPN Technologies

and DirectAccess    928

Setting Up the Unified Remote Access Role    932

DirectAccess Scenario    933

VPN Scenario    941

Monitoring the Remote Access Server    958

Summary    962

Best Practices    963

25  Remote Desktop Services    965

Why Implement Remote Desktop Services?    966

How Remote Desktop Works    968

Understanding the Name Change    970

RDS Roles    971

Configuration Options and Fine-Tuning Terminology    979

Planning for RDS    985

Deploying RDS    991

Deploying Virtual Desktops    1003

Enabling RemoteFX    1011

Securing and Supporting RDS    1013

Summary    1017

Best Practices    1017

Part VIII  Desktop Administration

26  Windows Server 2012 Administration Tools for Desktops    1019

Managing Desktops and Servers    1020

Operating System Deployment Options    1021

Windows Server 2012 Windows Deployment Services    1024

Installing Windows Deployment Services    1026

Customizing Boot Images    1037

Creating Discover Images    1041

Pre-Creating Active Directory Computer Accounts for WDS (Prestaged Systems)    1042

Creating Custom Installations Using Capture Images    1046

Automating Image Deployment Using Unattend Files    1049

General Desktop Administration Tasks    1050

Summary    1050

Best Practices    1050

27  Group Policy Management for Network Clients    1053

The Need for Group Policies    1054

Windows Group Policies    1055

Group Policy Feature Set    1058

Planning Workgroup and Standalone Local Group Policy

Configuration    1063

Planning Domain Group Policy Objects    1066

Managing Computers with Domain Policies    1075

Configuring Preference Item-Level Targeting    1083

Managing Users with Policies    1093

Managing Active Directory with Policies    1100

Summary    1112

Best Practices    1112

Part IX  Fault Tolerance Technologies

28  File System Management and Fault Tolerance    1115

Windows Server 2012 File System Overview    1115

File System Access Services and Technologies    1125

Managing Windows Server 2012 Disks    1126

Adding the File and Storage Services Role    1132

Managing Data Access Using Windows Server 2012 Shares    1133

File Server Resource Manager    1137

The Distributed File System    1149

Planning a DFS Deployment    1154

Installing and Configuring DFS    1157

Using the Volume Shadow Copy Service    1163

Configuring Data Deduplication    1166

Configuring Storage Spaces    1168

Dynamic Access Control    1172

Summary    1185

Best Practices    1186

29  System-Level Fault Tolerance (Clustering / Network Load Balancing)    1189

Building Fault-Tolerant Windows Server 2012 Systems    1190

Windows Server 2012 Clustering Technologies    1192

Determining the Correct Clustering Technology    1198

Overview of Failover Clusters    1200

Deploying Failover Clusters    1206

Backing Up and Restoring Failover Clusters    1228

Deploying Network Load Balancing Clusters    1232

Managing NLB Clusters    1240

Network Teaming    1242

Summary    1243

Best Practices    1243

30  Backing Up the Windows Server 2012 Environment    1245

Understanding Your Backup and Recovery Needs and Options    1246

Creating the Disaster Recovery Solution    1249

Documenting the Enterprise    1250

Developing a Backup Strategy    1251

Windows Server Backup Overview    1252

Using Windows Server Backup    1255

Managing Backups Using the Command-Line Utility Wbadmin.exe and Windows PowerShell Cmdlets    1261

Backing Up Active Directory    1264

Backing Up Windows Server 2012 Roles    1269

Volume Shadow Copy Service    1270

Extending Server Backup to the Enterprise with Data Protection Manager 2012    1271

Summary    1271

Best Practices    1272

31  Recovering from a Disaster    1273

Ongoing Backup and Recovery Preparedness    1273

When Disasters Strike    1277

Disaster Scenario Troubleshooting    1279

Recovering from a Server or System Failure    1282

Managing and Accessing Windows Server Backup Media    1289

Windows Server Backup Volume Recovery    1290

Recovering Role Services and Features    1294

Summary    1301

Best Practices    1301

Part X  Optimizing, Tuning, Debugging, and Problem Solving

32  Optimizing Windows 2012 for Branch Office Communications    1303

Key Branch Office Features in Windows 2012    1304

Understanding Read-Only Domain Controllers    1304

Using BitLocker with Windows Server 2012    1321

BranchCache in Windows 2012    1332

Printing with Branch Office Direct Printing    1345

Summary    1347

Best Practices    1347

33  Logging and Debugging    1349

Using the Task Manager for Logging and Debugging    1349

Using Event Viewer for Logging and Debugging    1357

Performance Monitoring    1368

Setting Baseline Values    1395

Using the Debugging Tools Available in Windows Server 2012    1397

Task Scheduler    1411

Summary    1416

Best Practices    1417

34  Capacity Analysis and Performance Optimization    1419

Defining Capacity Analysis    1419

Using Capacity-Analysis Tools    1424

Monitoring System Performance    1442

Optimizing Performance by Server Roles    1451

Summary    1457

Best Practices    1458

Part XI  Integrated Windows Application Services

35  Sharepoint 2010 Products    1459

History of SharePoint Technologies    1460

SharePoint Foundation 2010 Versus SharePoint Server 2010    1462

Identifying the Need for SharePoint 2010 Products    1466

Designing a SharePoint 2010 Farm    1467

Exploring a Basic SharePoint 2010 Site    1471

Lists and Libraries in SharePoint 2010    1474

Managing the Site Collection    1486

Summary    1494

Best Practices    1494

36  Deploying and Using Windows Virtualization    1497

Understanding Microsoft’s Virtualization Strategy    1497

Integration of Hypervisor Technology in

Windows Server 2012    1500

Planning Your Implementation of Hyper-V    1504

Installing the Microsoft Hyper-V Role    1507

Becoming Familiar with the Hyper-V Administrative Console    1510

Installing a Guest Operating System Session    1516

Modifying Guest Session Configuration Settings    1520

Launching a Hyper-V Guest Session    1523

Using Snapshots of Guest Operating System Sessions    1525

Quick Migration and Live Migration    1527

Utilizing Hyper-V Replica for Site-to-Site Redundancy    1540

Summary    1547

Best Practices    1548

Index    1549

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