Women and Sports in the United States : A Documentary Reader

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-02-28
  • Publisher: Univ Pr of New England
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A spectacular transformation in women's sports has occurred over the past century in colleges, high schools, and recreational leagues across the nation. Gradual changes during the late 1950s and 1960s within the fields of women's physical education and amateur sport provided the initial energy for this transformation. But it took the rebirth of a grassroots feminist movement in the late 1960s and 1970s to catalyze the radical changes in women's athletic opportunities and attitudes toward female athletes. The assimilation of feminist principles into the broader popular culture solidified the belief that sport plays a positive role in the lives of girls and women. Political activists for women's rights codified this attitude with the passage of Title IX of the 1972 Federal Education Amendments, a law banning gender discrimination in educational settings, thus guaranteeing women's legal right to an equitable share of athletic opportunities and resources. Though the sea change in American women's sports is evident in schools, the media, and local playing fields, scholars are still in the early stages of fully examining the causes and impacts of this historic change. Women and Sports in the United States brings together scholarly articles, journalism, political and legal documents, and first-person accounts that collectively explore women's sports in America, with emphasis on the post-Title IX era. This book was published with the generous support of the Center for the Study of Sport in Society at Northeastern University.

Author Biography

JEAN O'REILLY holds a Ph.D. in English and American Studies from the University of East Anglia in England. She teaches courses on women's sports films at the University of Connecticut.

SUSAN K. CAHN, Associate Professor of History at the State University of New York at Buffalo, is the author of the award-winning Coming on Strong: Gender and Sexuality in Twentieth-Century Women's Sports (1994) and is widely recognized as one of the top scholars of women's sports history.

Table of Contents

Timeline : 125 years of U.S. women in sports
Pioneering women in sport
Olympic women : a struggle for recognitionp. 3
How I learned to ride the bicyclep. 15
The world-beating Viking girl of Texasp. 17
Playing nice : politics and apologies in women's sportsp. 23
Pioneersp. 33
Riggs butchered by Ms. King as promoters score a millionp. 41
"Mia" Culpa : the all-too quiet retirement of Mia Hammp. 46
Negotiating masculinity and femininity : the female athlete as oxymoron
The significance of basket ball for womenp. 53
Are athletics making girls masculine? : a practical answer to a question every girl asksp. 56
All-American girls professional baseball league rules of conduct, 1943-1954p. 59
Psychosocial impacts of athletic participation on American women : facts and fablesp. 61
Throwing like a girlp. 75
Living the paradox : female athletes negotiate femininity and muscularityp. 81
Competing bodies : physiological, biological, and psychological issues
Chromosome countp. 103
Closing the muscle gapp. 110
Understanding the female athlete triadp. 114
Women and ACL injuries : taking the bad news with the goodp. 125
Catastrophic injuries in female athletes : cheerleading leads the listp. 129
Women, disability, and sport and physical fitness activity : the intersection of gender and disability dynamicsp. 131
Anabolic steroids : the gremlins of sportp. 138
Eating disorders and gymnasticsp. 142
The silence of great distance : women running longp. 148
Coming homep. 152
Stronger womenp. 159
Building inequality into sport : institutionalized bias
Structural constraints facing women in sportp. 167
Half-court basketball : power and sexp. 177
"I can see the finish line"p. 184
Courting destinyp. 186
The Cold Wars : inside the secret world of figure skatingp. 192
Rooting for Michelle : finding contradictions at the Winter Olympicsp. 198
Breaking cultural traditions : culture, family play role in sports for Latina girlsp. 201
On the Rezp. 205
Sexuality and Sport
Changing the game : homophobia, sexism, and lesbians in sportp. 217
Homophobia alleged in University of Florida softballp. 235
Less Uglyp. 242
Sex, lies, and volleyballp. 246
In the buff : female athletes take it all offp. 258
A new image exposedp. 260
The feminine image in sports and sports media
Separating the men from the girls : the gendered language of televised sportsp. 265
Sport and society broadcast for Friday, August 16, 1996p. 281
The women's sports film as the new melodramap. 283
It's time to tell the bloody truthp. 298
Bloodsports : woman's first pro fight is her lastp. 302
Offensive interfacep. 308
Law and equity : Title IX and its aftermath
Title IX, education amendments of 1972 : Title 20 U.S.C. Sections 1681-1688p. 321
Title IX media helperp. 327
Brown University agrees to guarantee participation rates for women athletes and funding for contested women's teams p. 335
Title IX at 30 : report card on gender equity-athletics, C+p. 337
A train wreck called Title IXp. 346
In the spirit of Title IXp. 348
Title IX - the good news, the bad newsp. 353
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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