World Civilizations, Volume II : The Global Experience 1450 to Present

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-01-01
  • Publisher: Longman
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The primary goal of World Civilizations is to present a truly global historysince the development of agriculture and herding to the present. Overview of World History. Readers interested in the history and development of civilization worldwide.

Table of Contents

Mapsp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Supplementsp. xix
About the Authorsp. xxiii
Prologuep. xxv
The Early Modern Period, 1450-1750: The World Shrinksp. 452
The World Economyp. 458
The West's First Outreach: Maritime Powerp. 460
In Depth: Causation and the West's Expansionp. 464
Toward a World Economyp. 465
Visualizing the Past: West Indian Slaveholdingp. 467
Colonial Expansionp. 469
Document: Western Conquerors: Tactics and Motivesp. 470
Global Connections: The World Economy-And the Worldp. 476
Further Readingsp. 476
On the Webp. 477
The Transformation of the West, 1450-1750p. 478
The First Big Changes: Culture and Commerce, 1450-1650p. 480
Science and Politics: The Next Phase of Changep. 486
Visualizing the Past: Versaillesp. 488
In Depth: Elites and Massesp. 491
The West by 1750p. 491
Document: Controversies About Womenp. 493
Global Connections: Europe and the Worldp. 496
Further Readingsp. 496
On the Webp. 496
The Rise of Russiap. 498
Russia's Expansionist Politics Under the Tsarsp. 500
Russia's First Westernization, 1690-1790p. 502
Document: The Nature of Westernizationp. 507
Themes in Early Modern Russian Historyp. 508
Visualizing the Past: Oppressed Peasantsp. 509
In Depth: Multinational Empiresp. 512
Global Connections: Russia and the Worldp. 512
Further Readingsp. 512
On the Webp. 513
Early Latin Americap. 514
Spaniards and Portuguese: From Reconquest to Conquestp. 517
Document: A Vision from the Vanquishedp. 521
The Destruction and Transformation of American Indian Societiesp. 523
In Depth: The Great Exchangep. 526
Colonial Economies and Governmentsp. 526
Brazil: The First Plantation Colonyp. 531
Multiracial Societiesp. 533
Visualizing the Past: Race or Culture? A Changing Societyp. 534
The 18th-Century Reformsp. 536
Global Connections: Latin American Civilization and the World Contextp. 539
Further Readingsp. 540
On the Webp. 540
Africa and the Africans in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Tradep. 542
The Atlantic Slave Tradep. 545
In Depth: Slavery and Human Societyp. 548
African Societies, Slavery, and the Slave Tradep. 550
Visualizing the Past: Symbols of African Kingshipp. 555
White Settlers and Africans in Southern Africap. 556
The African Diasporap. 558
Document: An African's Description of the Middle Passagep. 560
Global Connections: Africa and the African Diaspora in World Contextp. 563
Further Readingsp. 564
On the Webp. 564
The Muslim Empiresp. 566
The Ottomans: From Frontier Warriors to Empire Buildersp. 569
Document: An Islamic Traveler Laments the Muslims' Indifference to Europep. 574
The Shi'a Challenge of the Safavidsp. 576
In Depth: The Gunpowder Empires and the Shifting Balance of Global Powerp. 578
The Mughals and the Apex of Muslim Civilization in Indiap. 583
Visualizing the Past: The Basis of Imperial Power in the Rival Muslim Empiresp. 585
Global Connections: Gunpowder Empires and the Restoration of the Islamic Bridge Between Civilizationsp. 590
Further Readingsp. 590
On the Webp. 591
Asian Transitions in an Age of Global Changep. 592
The Asian Trading World and the Coming of the Europeansp. 594
Visualizing the Past: Intruders: The Pattern of Early European Expansion into Asiap. 598
Ming China: A Global Mission Refusedp. 601
Document: Exam Questions as a Mirror of Chinese Valuesp. 603
In Depth: Means and Motives for Overseas Expansion: Europe and China Comparedp. 606
Fending Off the West: Japan's Reunification and the First Challengep. 609
Global Connections: An Age of Eurasian Closurep. 612
Further Readingsp. 613
On the Webp. 613
The Dawn of the Industrial Age, 1750-1914p. 616
The Emergence of Industrial Society in the West, 1750-1914p. 622
The Age of Revolutionp. 623
Visualizing the Past: The French Revolution in Cartoonsp. 627
The Consolidation of the Industrial Order, 1850-1914p. 631
Document: Women in the Industrial Revolutionp. 634
Cultural Transformationsp. 637
Western Settler Societiesp. 639
In Depth: The United States in World Historyp. 642
Diplomatic Tensions and World War Ip. 644
Global Connections: Industrial Europe and the Worldp. 645
Further Readingsp. 646
On the Webp. 646
Industrialization and Imperialism: The Making of the European Global Orderp. 648
The Shift to Land Empires in Asiap. 651
In Depth: Western Education and the Rise of an African and Asian Middle Classp. 656
Industrial Rivalries and the Partition of the World, 1870-1914p. 659
Patterns of Dominance: Continuity and Changep. 662
Visualizing the Past: Capitalism and Colonialismp. 663
Document: Contrary Images: The Colonizer Versus the Colonized on the "Civilizing Mission"p. 665
Global Connections: A European-Dominated World Orderp. 670
Further Readingsp. 671
On the Webp. 671
The Consolidation of Latin America, 1830-1920p. 672
From Colonies to Nationsp. 674
New Nations Confront Old and New Problemsp. 678
Document: Confronting the Hispanic Heritage: From Independence to Consolidationp. 680
Latin American Economies and World Markets, 1820-1870p. 682
Societies in Search of Themselvesp. 689
In Depth: Explaining Underdevelopmentp. 692
Visualizing the Past Images of the Spanish-American Warp. 695
Global Connections: New Latin American Nations and the Worldp. 697
Further Readingsp. 698
On the Webp. 698
Civilizations in Crisis: The Ottoman Empire, the Islamic Heartlands, and Qing Chinap. 700
From Empire to Nation: Ottoman Retreat and the Birth of Turkeyp. 703
In Depth: Western Dominance and the Decline of Civilizationsp. 706
Western Intrusions and the Crisis in the Arab Islamic Heartlandsp. 707
Visualizing the Past: Mapping the Decline of Civilizationsp. 712
The Last Dynasty: The Rise and Fall of the Qing Empire in Chinap. 714
Document: Building a New Chinap. 721
Global Connections: Muslim and Chinese Decline and a Shifting Global Balancep. 721
Further Readingsp. 722
On the Webp. 723
Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the Westp. 724
Russia's Reforms and Industrial Advancep. 727
Document: Conditions for Factory Workers in Russia's Industrializationp. 731
Protest and Revolution in Russiap. 732
Japan: Transformation Without Revolutionp. 735
In Depth: The Separate Paths of Japan and Chinap. 737
Visualizing the Past: Two Faces of Western Influencep. 740
Global Connections: Russia and Japan in the Worldp. 742
Further Readingsp. 743
On the Webp. 743
The Newest Stage of World History: 1914-Presentp. 746
Descent into the Abyss: World War I and the Crisis of the European Global Orderp. 754
The Coming of the Great Warp. 757
A World at Warp. 759
Visualizing the Past: Trench Warfarep. 764
Failed Peacep. 765
The Nationalist Assault on the European Colonial Orderp. 767
Document: Lessons for the Colonized from the Slaughter in the Trenchesp. 768
In Depth: Women in Asian and African Nationalist Movementsp. 776
Global Connections: World War and Global Upheavalsp. 779
Further Readingsp. 779
On the Webp. 780
The World Between the Wars: Revolutions, Depression, and Authoritarian Responsep. 782
The Roaring Twentiesp. 783
Revolution: The First Wavesp. 789
In Depth: A Century of Revolutionsp. 794
The Global Great Depressionp. 800
The Authoritarian Responsep. 803
Visualizing the Past: Guernica and the Images of Warp. 805
Document: Socialist Realismp. 810
Global Connections: Economic Depression, Authoritarian Response, and Democratic Retreatp. 813
Further Readingsp. 813
On the Webp. 814
A Second Global Conflict and the end of the European World Orderp. 816
Old and New Causes of a Second World Warp. 819
Unchecked Aggression and the Coming of War in Europe and the Pacificp. 820
In Depth: Total Warp. 821
The Conduct of a Second Global Warp. 823
Document: Japan and the Loss of World War IIp. 828
War's End and the Emergence of the Superpower Standoffp. 829
Nationalism and Decolonizationp. 831
Visualizing the Past: On National Leadershipp. 835
Global Connections: Persisting Trends in a World Transformed by Warp. 839
Further Readingsp. 839
On the Webp. 840
Western Society and Eastern Europe in the Decades of the Cold Warp. 842
After World War II: A New International Setting for the Westp. 844
The Resurgence of Western Europep. 847
In Depth: The United States and Western Europe: Convergence and Complexityp. 852
Cold War Allies: The United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealandp. 853
Culture and Society in the Westp. 855
Visualizing the Past: Women at Work in France and the United Statesp. 857
Eastern Europe After World War II: A Soviet Empirep. 860
Soviet Culture: Promoting New Beliefs and Institutionsp. 863
Document: 1986: A New Wave of Soviet Reformp. 868
Global Connections: The Cold War and the Worldp. 869
Further Readingsp. 870
On the Webp. 870
Latin America: Revolution and Reaction into the 21st Centuryp. 872
Latin America After World War IIp. 875
Radical Options in the 1950sp. 877
Visualizing the Past: Murals and Posters: Art and Revolutionp. 878
The Search for Reform and the Military Optionp. 881
Document: The People Speakp. 882
In Depth: Human Rights in the 20th Centuryp. 886
Societies in Search of Changep. 888
Global Connections: Struggling Toward the Future in a Global Economyp. 891
Further Readingsp. 892
On the Webp. 892
Africa, the Middle East, and Asia in the Era of Independencep. 894
The Challenges of Independencep. 896
Document: Cultural Creativity in the Emerging Nations: Some Literary Samplesp. 903
In Depth: Artificial Nations and the Rising Tide of Communal Strifep. 904
Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justicep. 906
Visualizing the Past: Globalization and Postcolonial Societiesp. 917
Global Connections: Postcolonial Nations in the Cold War World Orderp. 917
Further Readingsp. 918
On the Webp. 918
Rebirth and Revolution: Nation-Building in East Asia and the Pacific Rimp. 920
East Asia in the Postwar Settlementsp. 922
Japan, Incorporatedp. 925
The Pacific Rim: New Japans?p. 929
Visualizing the Past: Pacific Rim Growthp. 931
In Depth: The Pacific Rim as a U.S. Policy Issuep. 932
Mao's China and Beyondp. 933
Document: Women in the Revolutionary Strugglep. 938
Colonialism and Revolution in Vietnamp. 940
Global Connections: East Asia and the Pacific Rim in the Contemporary Worldp. 945
Further Readingsp. 946
On the Webp. 946
The End of the Cold War and the Shape of a New Era: World History 1990-2006p. 948
The End of the Cold Warp. 949
Visualizing the Past: Symbolism in the Breakdown of the Soviet Blocp. 955
The Spread of Democracyp. 957
Document: Democratic Protest and Repression in Chinap. 958
The Great Powers and New Disputesp. 960
The United States as Sole Superpowerp. 963
In Depth: Terrorism, Then and Nowp. 964
Global Connections: New Global Standards, New Divisionsp. 967
Further Readingsp. 967
On the Webp. 968
Globalization and Resistancep. 970
Globalization: Causes and Processesp. 971
Document: Protests Against Globalizationp. 976
Resistance and Alternativesp. 978
In Depth: How Much Historical Change?p. 980
The Global Environmentp. 981
Visualizing the Past: Two Faces of Globalizationp. 984
Toward the Futurep. 985
Global Connections: Civilizations and Global Forcesp. 986
Further Readingsp. 986
On the Webp. 987
Document Analysis Questionsp. D-1
Glossaryp. G-1
Creditsp. C-1
Indexp. I-1
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