The World of Music

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-07-30
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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Today's music appreciation student needs access to The World of Music. This popular text begins with the more familiar repertoire of American folk, religious, jazz, ethnic, and popular music before introducing students to music from around the globe and Western classical music. David Willoughby's friendly writing style and detailed listening guides help students hone their listening skills, investigate new cultures, and develop a solid foundation for a lifetime of musical appreciation.

Author Biography

Dr. David Willoughby is a graduate of Lebanon Valley College (PA), Miami University (OH), and the Eastman School of Music (NY). He is Professor Emeritus of Music at Eastern New Mexico University and former Dean of its College of Fine Arts. He has also served as Head of the Music Department at Susquehanna University in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania. Active in The College Music Society, a national organization of college music teachers, Dr. Willoughby served as the Society’s president in 1987 and 1988. Prior to that, he was Board member for Music in General Studies (MGS) (1980-1985), a member of the Executive Committee (1986-1989), and director of four MGS summer workshops (1981-1984). Currently, he is Editor of the CMS Newsletter and serves on the Council of Past Presidents. Dr. Willoughby resides in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania. He continues to play double bass and is still struggling with his golf game.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
About the Authorsp. xvii
Preparation for Listeningp. 2
Introducing the World of Musicp. 4
The Infinite Variety of Music: A Global Perspectivep. 6
The American Mainstream and Ethnic Diversityp. 6
Music in Culturep. 8
Music Labels: Help or Hindrance?p. 10
Artists and Artistryp. 11
The Business of Musicp. 12
Manufacturing and Merchandisingp. 13
Performance of Musicp. 13
Music Publishing and Copyright Lawsp. 14
Music in Advertisingp. 15
Music in the Communityp. 15
Summaryp. 16
The Nature of Music: Vocabulary for Listening and Understandingp. 18
Definitions of Musicp. 20
Music as a Sciencep. 20
Expressive and Functional Qualities of Musicp. 21
Music Is Sound and Silencep. 21
Music Moves through Timep. 21
Music Is an Artp. 21
Music Is Universalp. 22
Music Is a Means of Expressionp. 22
Music Can Be Functionalp. 22
Music Is a Changing Artp. 23
The Creative, Performing, and Listening Experiencesp. 23
Participating in Active Listeningp. 25
The Elements of Musicp. 26
Melodyp. 27
Harmonyp. 28
Rhythmp. 28
Loudnessp. 29
Tone Qualityp. 29
Interaction of the Elementsp. 30
To Create a Style: Musical Conceptsp. 30
Texturep. 31
Genres and Formsp. 31
Melodic Growth and Characterp. 32
Goals for Listeningp. 32
Summaryp. 39
Listening to American Music: Folk, Religious, Jazz, and Popp. 40
Folk Music Traditionsp. 42
Goals for Listeningp. 44
The Roots of Traditional Folk Musicp. 44
Types of Folk Musicp. 46
The Bluesp. 48
Folk Music: An Expanded Viewp. 50
The Urban Folk Revivalp. 52
Urban Bluesp. 53
Summaryp. 55
Religious Music Traditionsp. 56
Goals for Listeningp. 58
The Roots of American Protestant Musicp. 58
Psalm Singing and Psaltersp. 58
Lining Out, Singing Schools, and the Shape-Note Systemp. 58
Traditional Black Gospel Musicp. 62
White Gospel Music: Revival and Evangelical Hymnsp. 66
Popular Contemporary Stylesp. 68
Summaryp. 70
Jazz Stylesp. 72
Goals for Listeningp. 74
What Is Jazz?p. 75
The Jazz Stylep. 76
The Feel of Swingp. 76
Instrumentsp. 77
Improvisationp. 77
The Roots of Jazzp. 78
Jazz Stylesp. 79
New Orleans and Chicago Jazzp. 79
Stride and Boogie Woogiep. 83
Swing and Big Band Jazzp. 83
Bebopp. 88
Cool Jazz, Hard Bop, Soul Jazz, and Free Jazzp. 92
Modern Jazz, Fusion, and Smooth Jazzp. 97
Summaryp. 99
Popular Musicp. 100
Goals for Listeningp. 102
The Definition and Scope of Popular Musicp. 102
Pre-Twentieth Centuryp. 103
Twentieth Century and Beyondp. 105
Tin Pan Alleyp. 106
Vaudevillep. 106
Musicalsp. 107
Filmp. 108
Radio and Recordingsp. 109
Country Musicp. 111
Hillbillyp. 111
Cowboy Songs and Western Swingp. 112
Bluegrassp. 114
The Nashville Soundp. 115
Contemporary Countryp. 118
Early African American Influencesp. 120
Motownp. 120
Gospelp. 120
Rhythm and Bluesp. 121
Soulp. 122
Contemporary Stylesp. 123
Rockp. 123
Rap/Hip-Hopp. 126
Other Genresp. 128
Summaryp. 129
Listening to World Musicp. 130
Music of the Americasp. 132
Goals for Listeningp. 134
Native American Musicp. 134
Style and Contextp. 135
Assimilation and Preservationp. 136
Ethnic Music in the United Statesp. 138
Reggaep. 140
Latino Musicp. 140
Cajun and Zydeco Musicp. 146
Music of South America, Mexico, and the Caribbeanp. 148
Indigenous Folk Culturep. 148
Musical Instrumentsp. 148
Folk Songs and Dancesp. 148
Religious Influencesp. 151
Summaryp. 151
Music Beyond the Americansp. 152
Goals for Listeningp. 154
Music in Indiap. 154
Classical Musicp. 154
Popular Musicp. 157
Music in Japanp. 157
The Performance Contextp. 157
Musical Genresp. 158
Gagakup. 158
Kabukip. 159
Koto, Shakuhachi, and Shamisenp. 159
Music in Sub-Saharan Africap. 161
Music in Contextp. 163
Instrumentsp. 163
Rhythmp. 164
Popular Musicp. 166
Music in Eastern Europep. 169
Indonesian Gamelan and Popular Musicp. 172
Jewish Musicp. 174
Cultural Contextp. 174
Liturgical Musicp. 175
Klezmer Musicp. 175
Celtic Musicp. 176
Instrumentsp. 177
Artistsp. 177
Altanp. 177
Clannadp. 177
Solasp. 178
The Chieftainsp. 178
Summaryp. 181
Listening to Western Classical Musicp. 182
Music to 1600p. 184
Goals for Listeningp. 186
The Beginnings of Western Music (until 1450)p. 186
Gregorian Chantp. 187
Notationp. 192
Polyphonic Musicp. 192
The Renaissance (1450-1600)p. 193
Choral and Vocal Musicp. 194
Massp. 194
Motetp. 198
Madrigalp. 200
Instrumental Musicp. 203
The Reformationp. 203
Featured Composersp. 203
Josquin des Prezp. 206
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrinap. 207
Giovanni Gabrielip. 208
Summaryp. 210
Music of the Baroque Period (1600-1750)p. 212
Goals for Listeningp. 214
Musical Characteristicsp. 214
Texturep. 214
Major-Minor Tonal Systemp. 214
Continuop. 215
Word Paintingp. 215
Other Musical Characteristicsp. 215
Instrumentsp. 217
Musical Forms and Genresp. 217
Operap. 218
Orchestral Worksp. 218
Chamber Musicp. 221
Keyboard Worksp. 222
Choral Musicp. 224
Featured Composersp. 225
Johann Sebastian Bachp. 225
George Frideric Handelp. 230
Other Notable Composersp. 233
Summaryp. 233
Music of the Classic Period (1750-1820)p. 234
Goals for Listeningp. 236
Musical Characteristicsp. 236
Instrumentsp. 237
Genresp. 237
Instrumentalp. 238
Vocal, Choral, and Operap. 238
Formsp. 240
Sonata Formp. 240
Theme and Variationsp. 244
Minuet and Triop. 244
Rondop. 246
Featured Composersp. 246
Franz Joseph Haydnp. 246
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozartp. 247
Ludwig van Beethovenp. 249
Summaryp. 251
Music of the Romantic Period (Nineteenth Century)p. 252
Goals for Listeningp. 254
Musical Characteristicsp. 254
Forms and Genresp. 255
Instrumental Forms and Genresp. 255
Opera and Balletp. 256
Keyboard Forms and Genresp. 256
Songsp. 257
Featured Composersp. 257
Johannes Brahmsp. 259
Frédéric Chopinp. 262
Felix Mendelssohnp. 263
Franz Schubertp. 264
Pyotr I'yich Tchaikovskyp. 266
Giuseppe Verdip. 268
Richard Wagnerp. 269
Other Notable Composersp. 269
Summaryp. 271
Music of the Twentieth Centuryp. 272
Goals for Listeningp. 274
General Characteristicsp. 274
Stylistic Developments and Featured Composersp. 275
Impressionism: Claude Debussyp. 276
Experimental Music: Igor Stravinskyp. 279
Atonal Music and Serialism: Arnold Schoenbergp. 283
Electronic Music: Edgard Varésep. 284
Chance Music: John Cagep. 285
Nationalism: Béla Bartókp. 286
Nationalism: Charles Ives and Aaron Coplandp. 287
Additional American Composersp. 292
Amy Cheney Beachp. 292
Ruth Crawfordp. 292
Ellen Taaffe Zwilichp. 293
Ulysses Kayp. 294
Henry Cowellp. 294
George Gershwinp. 294
William Grant Stillp. 296
Neoclassical Musicp. 296
Minimalismp. 297
Traditional Soundsp. 297
Summaryp. 299
A List of Recommended DVDs and Videos Supporting the Philosophy of The World of Musicp. 301
Classification of Instruments according to Methods of Tone Productionp. 305
Glossaryp. 315
Bibliographyp. 327
Creditsp. 329
Indexp. 331
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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