Worldviews : An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-10-04
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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Updated throughout and with three entirely new chapters, Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science, Second Edition furthers its reputation as the definitive introductory text on the historical developments and philosophical issues that inform our scientific view of the world around us. Represents an innovative introduction to the history and philosophy of science, designed especially for those coming to the subject for the first time Updated new edition features the addition of chapters focusing on scientific laws, evolutionary theory, and implications of evolution Covers the key historical developments and philosophical themes that have impacted our scientific view of the world around us Analyzes the transitions from the Aristotelian worldview to the Newtonian worldview to a new and currently developing worldview Explores challenges to the Western scientific worldview brought on by recent discoveries

Author Biography

Richard DeWitt is a Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Fairfield University. In addition to the history and philosophy of science, his research interests are in the areas of mathematical and philosophical logic, and the philosophy of mind.

Table of Contents

List of figuresp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Fundamental Issuesp. 5
Worldviewsp. 7
Truthp. 17
Empirical Facts and Philosophical/Conceptual Factsp. 32
Confirming and Disconfirming Evidence and Reasoningp. 38
The Quine-Duhem Thesis and Implications for Scientific Methodp. 46
Philosophical Interlude: Problems and Puzzles of Inductionp. 58
Falsifiabilityp. 66
Instrumentalism and Realismp. 71
The Transition from the Aristotelian Worldview to the Newtonian Worldviewp. 79
The Structure of the Universe on the Aristotelian Worldviewp. 81
The Preface to Ptolemy's Almagest: The Earth as Spherical, Stationary, and at the Center of the Universep. 87
Astronomical Data: The Empirical Factsp. 99
Astronomical Data: The Philosophical/Conceptual Factsp. 106
The Ptolemaic Systemp. 113
The Copernican Systemp. 123
The Tychonic Systemp. 134
Kepler's Systemp. 137
Galileo and the Evidence from the Telescopep. 148
A Summary of Problems Facing the Aristotelian Worldviewp. 164
Philosophical and Conceptual Connections in the Development of the New Sciencep. 170
Overview of the New Science and the Newtonian Worldviewp. 175
Philosophical Interlude: What is a Scientific Law?p. 183
The Development of the Newtonian Worldview, 1700-1900p. 192
Recent Developments in Science and Worldviewsp. 205
The Special Theory of Relativityp. 207
The General Theory of Relativityp. 227
Overview of the Empirical Facts, Mathematics, and Interpretations of Quantum Theoryp. 235
Quantum Theory and Locality: EPR, Bell's Theorem, and the Aspect Experimentsp. 272
Overview of the Theory of Evolutionp. 287
Philosophical and Conceptual Implications of Evolutionp. 310
Worldviews: Concluding Thoughtsp. 341
Chapter Notes and Suggested Readingp. 349
Referencesp. 366
Indexp. 371
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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