Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Copyright: 2006-03-17
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
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Written by a professional biologist who is also an experienced writing teacher, this comprehensive guide for students writing in biology, zoology, and botany provides detailed instruction on researching, drafting, revising, and documenting papers, reviews, and other forms of writing.

Author Biography

VICTORIA E. MCMILLAN (Ph.D., Syracuse University) teaches in the interdisciplinary writing department, the biology department, and the women's studies program at Colgate University. A behavioral ecologist who has published a number of scholarly and popular articles on animal behavior, McMillan is currently focusing her research activities on reproductive strategies in insects, dragonflies in particular.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
About the Authorp. viii
Introduction: How and Why Biologists Write: An Introduction to Biological Literaturep. 1
Locating and Using Biological Literaturep. 5
Sear Ching the Liter Aturep. 5
Sample Database Searchp. 11
Using the Inter Netp. 20
Reading Scientific Papersp. 27
Taking Notesp. 29
Handling Data and Using Statisticsp. 33
Getting Startedp. 33
Recording and Organizing Your Findingsp. 36
Using Statistics to Analyze Your Datap. 39
Using Tables and Figuresp. 45
Tablesp. 46
Figuresp. 53
Checklist for Tables and Figuresp. 66
Writing Lab Reports and Research Papersp. 68
Titlep. 69
Abstractp. 72
Introductionp. 76
Materials and Methodsp. 78
Resultsp. 83
Discussionp. 89
Acknowledgmentsp. 94
Literature Citedp. 94
Checklist for Lab Reports and Research Papersp. 94
Sample Laboratory Reportp. 96
Sample Student Research Paperp. 102
Writing a Review Paperp. 114
Choosing a Topicp. 115
Deciding on a Titlep. 116
Working with the Literaturep. 116
Presenting your Materialp. 117
Checklist for Review Papersp. 128
Sample Review Paperp. 129
Documenting the Paperp. 137
Citing Sources in the Textp. 137
CSE Stylep. 138
APA Stylep. 145
Preparing the Literature Cited Sectionp. 152
CSE Stylep. 153
APA Stylep. 160
Drafting and Revisingp. 167
The First Draftp. 167
Practical Suggestions for Revisingp. 170
Checking Content and Structurep. 175
Improving Paragraphsp. 176
Writing Clear, Accurate Sentencesp. 178
Avoiding Wordinessp. 187
Verb Tensep. 191
Punctuationp. 192
Preparing the Final Draftp. 196
Mechanics and Technicalitiesp. 196
Manuscript Formatp. 201
Writing an Acknowledgments Sectionp. 204
Proofreadingp. 205
Using Writing to Prepare for Examinationsp. 206
Getting the Most out of Textbooksp. 206
Taking Good Lecture Notesp. 207
Preparing for Laboratory Examsp. 208
Studying for Short-Answer Questionsp. 210
Answering Essay Questionsp. 212
Other Forms of Biological Writingp. 215
Oral Presentationsp. 215
Sample Powerpoint Presentationp. 219
Poster Presentationsp. 226
Sample Poster Presentationp. 231
Research Proposalsp. 234
Sample Research Proposalp. 236
Letters of Applicationp. 243
Sample Cover Letterp. 245
Resumesp. 246
Sample Resumep. 249
Sample Curriculumvitaep. 250
Additional Readingsp. 253
Literature Citedp. 256
Indexp. 257
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