Writing for Psychology

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:


  • ISBN10:


  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-03-30
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping Icon Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Logo Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
  • Complimentary 7-Day eTextbook Access - Read more
    When you rent or buy this book, you will receive complimentary 7-day online access to the eTextbook version from your PC, Mac, tablet, or smartphone. Feature not included on Marketplace Items.
List Price: $75.00 Save up to $61.76
  • Rent Book $13.24
    Add to Cart Free Shipping Icon Free Shipping


    7-Day eTextbook Access 7-Day eTextbook Access

    *This item is part of an exclusive publisher rental program and requires an additional convenience fee. This fee will be reflected in the shopping cart.

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


WRITING FOR PSYCHOLOGY, Fourth Edition offers concise assistance for students writing their research analyses using APA style. By providing concrete examples of common errors, the authors show rather than merely tell students what to do and what to avoid. This manual will help students adhere to the basics of APA style; refine critical thinking skills, library search skills, revising skills, editing skills, and proofing skills; and avoid plagiarism. Checklists precede a summary at the end of every chapter, giving students the chance to make sure they have been thorough in their reports.

Table of Contents

To the Studentp. xiii
To the Professorp. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
What Every Student Should Know About Writing Psychology Papersp. 1
Understanding the Written and Unwritten Directionsp. 1
Understanding Academic Valuesp. 2
Be Informed: Read to Writep. 3
Make a Claim: Have a Point, Get to That Point, and Stick to That Pointp. 3
Defend Your Claim with Logic and Evidencep. 4
Be Honestp. 5
Use Sour Own Wordsp. 7
Understanding APA Stylep. 8
Idealsp. 8
Appropriately Personal Prose: The Objective ôIöp. 9
Simple Language: Do Not Confuse the Readerp. 10
Respectful Language: Do Not Offendp. 11
Writing and Revisingp. 12
Plan to Finish Earlyp. 12
Think, Search, Read, and Get Organizedp. 13
Write Your First Draftp. 16
Revise Your First Draft: Reorganize, Rethink, Reread, and Rewritep. 17
Help the Reader Navigate Through Your Paperp. 18
Address Readers' Objectionsp. 20
Polish Your Writingp. 20
Check Language, Grammar, Spelling, Usage, and Punctuationp. 21
Final Formattingp. 22
Five Final Checksp. 22
Submitting the Finished Productp. 23
Avoiding Common Problems: A Checklistp. 23
Summaryp. 25
Writing Essays and Term Papersp. 27
From Topic to Thesis Statementp. 27
Parts of a Term Paper and Their Headingsp. 29
Formatting the Tide Page, Wording the Title, and Writing the Author Notep. 31
Formatting the Tide Pagep. 31
Wording the Tidep. 32
Writing the Author Notep. 32
Abstractp. 33
Writing the Abstractp. 33
Formatting the Abstractp. 33
Introductionp. 34
Introduce Generally and Gendyp. 34
Introduce Key Issuesp. 35
If Necessary, Introduce Key Definitionsp. 35
Introduce and State Your Thesisp. 35
Arouse the Reader's Curiosityp. 36
Bodyp. 36
Make the Material Tell a Coherent Story: Have a Theme, Organize Your Notes, and Outline Your Paperp. 36
Be Both Concise and Precisep. 40
Focus on Facts and Fairnessp. 41
Know Your (Facts') Limitationsp. 42
Conclusionp. 42
Conclude by Summing Up Your Casep. 42
Conclude-Do Not Introducep. 43
Referencesp. 43
Tensep. 44
Sample Term Paperp. 44
Checklist for Evaluating Your Paperp. 59
Summaryp. 60
Writing Research Reports and Proposalsp. 61
General Strategies for Writing Your Paper: Presenting, Writing, and Planning Its Different Partsp. 61
Main Headings and Sections: Formatting the Research Paper's 10 Sectionsp. 62
The Value of Writing Your Paper out of Orderp. 62
The General Plan of Your Paperp. 62
Formatting the Tide Page, Wording the Tide, and Writing the Author Notep. 65
Formatting the Tide Pagep. 65
Wording the Tidep. 66
Writing the Author Notep. 67
Abstractp. 68
Writing the Abstractp. 68
Keywordsp. 70
Finishing and Formatting the Abstract Pagep. 70
Introductionp. 70
Introduce the General Topicp. 71
Review Relevant Research and Theoryp. 71
Introduce the Hypothesisp. 73
Methodp. 74
Participants or Subjectsp. 75
Apparatusp. 76
Materials or Measuresp. 77
Design and Other Optional Subsectionsp. 77
Procedurep. 78
Resultsp. 79
Statistical Significancep. 80
Formatting Statistical Informationp. 81
When Not to Use Either a Table or a Figurep. 82
When to Use Tablesp. 82
Creating Tablesp. 82
When to Use Figuresp. 85
Creating Figuresp. 85
Unitsp. 91
Discussionp. 91
Briefly Restate the Resultsp. 92
Relate Results to Other Researchp. 93
State Qualifications and Reservations-And Use Them to Propose Future Researchp. 94
Explain the Research's Implicationsp. 95
Concludep. 95
Referencesp. 96
Appendixesp. 96
Tensep. 97
Sample Research Reportp. 98
Report and Proposal Content Checklistp. 113
Summaryp. 118
Finding, Reading, Citing, and Referencing Sourcesp. 119
Finding Informationp. 119
Starting Your Search: Databases, Search Terms, and Secondary Sourcesp. 119
Using One Reference to Find More Referencesp. 122
Deciding What to Read: Choosing Acceptable Sourcesp. 124
Readingp. 129
Read Purposefullyp. 129
Take Thoughtful, Useful Notes-And if You Copy, Be Carefulp. 130
Rereadp. 130
Revise Your Notesp. 130
Citations: What to Cite and Whyp. 134
Citing From Secondary Sourcesp. 134
Citing Information Obtained From the Internetp. 135
Citing Personal Communicationsp. 135
General Rules for How to Format Citationsp. 136
What Your Citation Should Include: Usually, Only Name and Datep. 136
General Strategies for Formatting Author and Date Information: Use Only Name Citations and Parenthetical Citationsp. 137
Formatting Individual Citations: Principles and Examplesp. 139
Work by One Author: Whether the Listed Author Is a Person, Organization, or "Anonymous"p. 140
Work by Two Authorsp. 140
Work by Three, Four, or Five Authorsp. 141
Work by Six or More Authorsp. 141
Work by Author Sharing Same Last Name as Another Cited Authorp. 142
Work With No Listed Authorp. 142
Works With Dating Problems: Not Published, Not Yet Published, No Publication Date, Multiple Publication Datesp. 142
Works From Nontraditional Sources: Personal Communications and Secondary Sourcesp. 143
Formatting Multiple Citationsp. 143
More Than Two Works by Different Authorsp. 143
More Than Two Works by the Same Authorp. 144
Citing the Same Work by the Same Author More Than Oncep. 144
Citing the Same Work by the Same Authors More Than Oncep. 145
Paraphrasingp. 145
Quotingp. 146
Embedded Quotationsp. 146
Block Quotationsp. 147
Deciding What to Referencep. 148
Cite but Do Not Reference Communications That Cannot Be Retrievedp. 148
Reference Secondary Sources You Read but Not Original Sources That You Only Read Aboutp. 149
Formatting Referencesp. 150
Starting the Reference Pagep. 150
General Tips for Formatting Individual Referencesp. 151
Put Your References in Alphabetical Order and Follow These Rules to Break Tiesp. 152
Formatting the First Part of the Reference: The Author Namesp. 154
Formatting the Second Part of the Reference: The Publication Datep. 155
Formatting the Third Part of the Reference: The Titlep. 156
Abbreviationsp. 156
Referencing Booksp. 156
Referencing Book Chaptersp. 158
Referencing Journal Articlesp. 160
Referencing Abstracts of Journal Articlesp. 162
Referencing Internet Sourcesp. 162
Checklistsp. 167
Academic Honesty Checklistp. 167
Formatting Citations Checklistp. 168
Finding and Using Sources Checklistp. 169
Reference Page Checklistp. 169
Summaryp. 171
Making Your Case: A Guide to Skeptical Reading and Logical Writingp. 175
Deductive Argumentsp. 176
Inductive Arguments: Making Relatively Careful Generalizationsp. 178
Argument by Analogyp. 180
Overview of Problems in Making Argumentsp. 181
Appeals to Emotion, Faith, or Authorityp. 181
Appeals to Emotionp. 181
Appeals to Faithp. 181
Appeals to Authorityp. 181
Unfair Argumentsp. 182
Ad Hominem Argumentsp. 182
Ignoring Contradictory Evidencep. 182
Straw Man Argumentsp. 183
General Errors in Reasoning From Evidencep. 183
Inferring Causation From Correlationp. 183
Making Something out of Nothing: Misinterpreting Null Resultsp. 186
Adding Meaning to Significance: Misinterpreting Significant Resultsp. 186
Trusting Labels Too Much: Not Questioning Construct Validityp. 188
Not Questioning Generalizationsp. 189
Critical Thinking Checklistp. 190
Summaryp. 190
Writing the Wrongs: How to Avoid Gruesome Grammar, Putrid Punctuation, and Saggy Stylep. 193
Elements of Grammarp. 194
Nounsp. 194
Personal and Impersonal Pronounsp. 195
Verbsp. 197
Articlesp. 198
Adjectivesp. 199
Adverbsp. 199
Prepositionsp. 200
Conjunctionsp. 201
Relative Pronounsp. 202
Phrasesp. 203
Clausesp. 203
Sentencesp. 203
Paragraphsp. 204
Punctuationp. 205
End Marks (Periods, Question Marks, Exclamation Points)p. 205
Commasp. 205
Semicolonsp. 206
Colonsp. 206
Apostrophesp. 206
Parenthesesp. 207
Dashesp. 207
Hyphensp. 207
Quotation Marksp. 208
Usagep. 208
Know What You Meanp. 208
Let the Reader Know What You Are Comparingp. 212
Use Comparatives and Superlatives Correctlyp. 212
Divide or Reconnect Run-On Sentencesp. 213
Help Readers Get "It" (and Other Pronouns) by Specifying Nonspecific Referentsp. 213
Attribute Humanity Only to Humansp. 214
Writing With Stylep. 215
Accentuate the Positivep. 215
Point the Way Within and Between Paragraphsp. 215
Use Parallel Constructionp. 216
Use a Consistent, Formal Tonep. 217
Use Small Words and Short Sentencesp. 217
Be Precisep. 217
Be Concisep. 218
Be Cautiousp. 218
Your Own Stylep. 220
Checklistsp. 220
Parts of Speechp. 220
Punctuationp. 221
Stylep. 222
Summaryp. 222
Preparing the Final Draftp. 225
Presentation: Appearance Mattersp. 225
Paper, Margins, Spacing, and Spacesp. 225
Word Processor Settings: Making Your Word Processor Help Youp. 226
Fontsp. 227
APA Formatp. 227
Page Headers and the Title Pagep. 227
Paragraphsp. 228
Headingsp. 228
Italicsp. 229
Abbreviationsp. 230
Numbersp. 232
Tables and Figuresp. 233
Conclusionsp. 234
Format Checklistsp. 234
General Appearance Checklistp. 234
Headings and Headers Checklistp. 234
Numbers Checklistp. 235
Citations and References Checklistp. 235
Abbreviations Checklistp. 235
Title Page Checklistp. 236
Summaryp. 236
Referencesp. 239
APA Copy Style Versus APA Final-Form Stylep. 241
Problem Pluralsp. 243
Indexp. 247
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

Rewards Program

Write a Review