Writing Research Papers (Perfect)

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  • Edition: 13th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-12-28
  • Publisher: Longman
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The definitive research paper guide for your courses ,Writing Research Paperscombines a traditional and practical approach to the research process with the latest information on electronic research and presentation. This market-leading text provides you with step-by-step guidance through the research writing process, from selecting and narrowing a topic to formatting the finished document. It includes an extremely thorough and accurate coverage of citation styles for a wide variety of disciplines. To help you keep on top of your workWriting Research Papersbacks up its instruction with the most complete array of samples of any writing guide of this nature. Will answer any questions a writer has about grammar, the writing process, or research.The writing process, critical thinking, argumentative writing, style, grammar, mechanics, usage, the research process, how to document sources.Anyone who wants a reliable writing reference book.

Table of Contents

To the Instructor
To the Student
Writing from Research
Why Do Research?
Learning the Conventions of Academic Writing
Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism
Understanding a Research Assignment
Understanding the Terminology
Establishing a Schedule
Finding a Topic
Relating Your Personal Ideas to a Scholarly Problem
Connecting Personal Experience to Scholarly Topics
Speculating about Your Subject to Discover Ideas and to Focus on the Issues
Talking with Others to Find and Refine the Topic
Personal Interviews
Online Discussion Groups
Using Online Searches to Refine Your Topic
Using an Online Subject Directory
Using an Internet Keyword Search
Using the Library's Electronic Databases to Find and Narrow a Topic
Using the Library's Electronic Book Catalog to Find a Topic
Developing a Thesis Statement, Enthymeme, or Hypothesis
Drafting a Research Proposal
The Short Proposal
The Long Proposal
Your Research Project
Organizing Ideas and Setting Goals
Using a Basic Order to Chart the Course of Your Work
Using Your Research Proposal to Direct Your Notetaking
Listing Key termsand Phrases to Set Directions for Notetaking
Writing a Rough Outline
Using Questions to Identify Issues
Setting Goals by Using Organizational Patterns
Using Approaches across the Curriculum to Chart Your Ideas
Using Your Thesis to Chart the Direction of Your Research
Arrangement by issues
Arrangement by Cause/Effect
Arrangement by Interpretation and Evaluation
Arrangement by Comparison
Your Research Project
Gathering Sources Online
Beginning an Online Search
Reading an Online Address
Using a Search Engine
Subject Directory Search Engines
Robot-Driven Search Engines
Metasearch Engines
Specialized Search Engines
Educational Search Engines
Educational Search Engines Maintained by Libraries
Searching for Articles in Journals and Magazines
Online Journals
Online Magazines
Searching for Articles in Newspapers and Media Sources
Searching for Photographs and Other Visual Sources
Accessing E-books
Using Listserv, Usenet, and Chat Groups
E-mail News Groups
Real-Time Chatting
Examining Library Holdings via Online Access
Finding an Internet Bibliography
Conducting Archival Research on the Internet
Go to the Library
Go to an Edited Search Engine
Go to a Metasearch Engine
Use Search Engine Directories
Go to a Listserv or Usenet Group
Go to Newspaper Archives
Your Research Project
Gathering Sources in the Library
Launching the Search
Developing a Working Bibliography
Finding Books on Your Topic
Using Your Library's Electronic Book Catalog
Using the Library's Printed Bibliographies
Finding Articles in Magazines and Journals
Searching the General Indexes to Periodicals
Finding Indexes by Topic in Appendix B
Using the H. W. Wilson Indexes
Searching for an Index to Abstracts
Searching for Abstracts of Dissertations
Searching for a Biography
Searching for Articles in the Newspaper Indexes
Searching the Indexes to Pamphlet Files
Searching for Government Documents
Searching for Essays within Books
Using the Microforms
Your Research Project
Conducting Field Research
Investigating Local Sources
Interviewing Knowledgeable People
Writing Letters and Corresponding by E-mail
Reading Personal Papers
Attending Lectures and Public Addresses
Investigating Government Documents
Examining Audiovisual Materials, Television, and Radio
Conducting a Survey with a Questionnaire
Conducting Experiments, Tests, and Observation
Your Research Project
Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism
Using Sources to Enhance Your Credibility
Placing Your Work in Its Proper Context
Understanding Copyright
Avoiding Plagiarism
Common Knowledge
Correctly Borrowing from a Source
Sharing Credit in Collaborative Projects
Honoring and Crediting Sources in Online Classrooms
Seeking Permission to Publish Material on Your Web Site
Your Research Project
Reading and Evaluating Sources
Finding Reliable Sources
Selecting a Mix of Primary and Secondary Sources
Evaluating Sources
Evaluating the Key Parts of an Article
Evaluating the Key Parts of a Book
Evaluating the Key Parts of an Internet Article
Outlining a Source
Summarizing a Source
Preparing an Annotated Bibliography
Preparing a Review of the Literature on Topic
Your Research Project
Writing Effective Notes and Creating Outlines
Gathering Printouts, Photocopies, Scanned Images, and Downloaded Data
Writing Notes of High Quality
Creating Effective Notes
Honoring the Conventions of Research Style
Using a Computer for Notetaking
Writing Personal Notes
Writing Direct Quotation Notes
Quoting Primary Sources
Quoting Secondary Sources
Writing Paraphrased Notes
Writing Summary Notes
Writing Précis Notes
Writing Notes from Field Research
Creating Outlines Using Academic Models
A General All-Purpose Model
Model for Advancing Your Ideas and Theories
Model for the Analysis of Creative Works
Model for Argument and Persuasion Papers
Model for Analysis of History
Model for a Comparative Study
Writing a Formal Outline
Using Standard Outline Symbols
Writing a Formal Topic Outline
Writing a Formal Sentence Outline
Your Research Project
Drafting the Paper in an Academic Style
Focusing Your Argument
Maintaining a Focus on Objective Facts and Subjective Ideas
Refining the Thesis Statement
Using Questions to Focus the Thesis
Adjust or Change Your Thesis during Research If Necessary
Writing an Academic Title
Drafting the Paper from Your Research Journal, Notes, and Computer Files
Writing from Your Notes
Writing with Unity and Coherence
Writing in the Proper Tense
Using the Language of the Discipline
Using Source Material to Enhance Your Writing
Writing in the Third Person
Writing with the Passive Voice in an Appropriate Manner
Using Visuals Effectively in a Research Essay
File Formats
Avoiding Sexist and Biased Language
Your Research Project
Blending Reference Material into Your Writing by Using MLA Style
Blending Reference Citations into Your Text
Making a General Reference without a Page Number
Beginning with the Author and Ending with a Page Number
Putting the Page Number Immediately after the Name
Putting the Name and Page Number at the End of Borrowed Material
Citing a Source When No Author Is Listed
Citing the Title of a Magazine Article
Citing the Title of a Report
Citing the Name of a Publisher or a Corporate Body
Citing Nonprint Sources That Have No Page Number
Citing Internet Sources
Identify the Source with Name or Title
Identify the Nature of the Information and Its Credibility
Omitting Page and Paragraph Numbers to Internet Citations
Citing Indirect Sources
Citing Frequent Page References to the Same Work
Citing Material from Textbooks and Large Anthologies
Adding Extra Information to In-Text Citations
One of Several Volumes
Two or More Works by the Same Writer
Several Authors in One Citation
Additional Information with the Page Number
Punctuating Citations Properly and Consistently
Commas and Periods
Semicolons and Colons
Question Marks and Exclamation Marks
Single Quotation Marks
Indenting Long Quotations
Citing Poetry
Quoting Two Lines of Poetry or Less
Quoting Three Lines of Poetry or More
Indenting Turnovers for Long Lines of Poetry
Retaining Internal Quotations within a Block
Providing Translations
Handling Quotations from a Play
Altering Initial Capitals in Some Quoted Matter
Omitting Quoted Matter with Ellipsis Points
Altering Quotations with Parentheses and Brackets
Your Research Project
Writing the Introduction, Body, and Conclusion
Writing the Introduction of the Paper
Provide the Thesis Statement
Provide the Enthymeme
Provide a Hypothesis
Relate to the Well Known
Provide Background Information
Review the Literature
Review the History and Background of the Subject
Take Exception to Critical Views
Challenge an Assumption
Provide a Brief Summary
Define Key Terms
Supply Data, Statistics, and Special Evidence
Writing the Body of the Research Paper
Organize by Chronology
Compare or Contrast Issues, Critical Views, and Literary Characters
Develop Cause and Effect
Define Your Key Terminology
Explain a Process
Ask Questions and Provide Answers
Cite Evidence from the Source Materials
Use a Variety of Other Methods
Writing the Conclusion of the Research Paper
Restate the Thesis and Reach beyond It
Close with an Effective Quotation
Return the Focus of a Literary Study to the Author
Compare the Past to the Present
Offer a Directive or Solution
Discuss Test Results
Your Research Project
Revising, ProofReading, and Formatting the Rough Draft
Conducting a Global Revision
Revising the Introduction
Revising the Body
Revising the Conclusion
Participating in Peer Review
Formatting the Paper to MLA Style
Title Page or Opening Page
The Text of the Paper
Content Endnotes Page
Works Cited
Editing before Typing or Printing
the Final Manuscript
Using the Computer to Edit Your Text
ProofReading on the Screen and on the Printed Manuscript
Your Research Project
Sample Papers in MLA Style
Short Literary Research Paper
Sample Research Paper
Works Cited: MLA Style
Formatting the Works Cited Page
Index to Works Cited Models: MLA Style
Works Cited Form -Books
Works Cited Form - Periodicals
Works Cited Form - Newspapers
Works Cited Form - Government Documents
Works Cited Form - Internet Sources
Works Cited Form - Citing Database Sources
Works Cited Form - Other Electronic Sources
Works Cited Form - Other Sources
Writing in APA Style
Writing Theory, Reporting Test Results, or Reviewing Literature
Theoretical Article
Report of an Empirical Study
Review Article
Writing in the Proper Tense for an APA Research Paper
Using In-Text Citations in APA Style
Preparing the List of References
Formatting an APA Paper
heoretical Article
eport of Empirical Research
eview Article
Writing the Abstract
Sample Paper in APA Style
The Footnote System: CMS Style
Inserting a Superscript Numeral in Your Text
Writing Full or Abbreviated Notes
Formatting and Writing the Footnotes
Writing Footnotes for Electronic Sources
Writing Subsequent Footnote References
Writing Endnotes Rather Than Footnotes
Writing Content Footnotes or Content Endnotes
Using the Footnote System for Papers in the Humanities
Using the Footnote System for Papers in the Fine Arts
Writing a Bibliography Page for a Paper That Uses Footnotes
Sample Research Paper in the CMS Style
CSE Style for the Natural and Applied Sciences
Guide by Discipline
Writing In-Text Citations Using the CSE Citation-Sequence System
Writing a References Page
Writing In-Text Citations with Name and Year
Using Name-Year with Bibliography Entries
Sample Paper Using the CSE Citation-Sequence System
Creating Electronic Research Projects
Beginning the Electronic Project
Using Word Processing
Electronic Presentations
Research Paper Web Pages and Sites
Creating a Single Web Page
Creating a Web Site with Multiple Pages
Using an Editor to Create Web Pages
Importing, Entering, and Modifying Text
Citing Your Sources in a Web Research Paper
Planning Electronic Research Papers
Creating a Plan for Your Research Paper
Designing Your Electronic Research Paper
Using Graphics in Your Electronic Research Paper
Graphic File Formats
Creating Your Own Digital Graphics
Using Sound and Video in Your Electronic Research Paper
Delivering Your Electronic Research Paper to Readers
Preparing a Writing Portfolio
Presenting Research in Alternative Formats
Your Research Project
Glossary: Rules and Techniques for Preparing the Manuscript in MLA Style
Finding Reference Works for Your General Topic
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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Customer Reviews

The BEST Research Paper book available for HS or College April 5, 2011
I have been teaching research papers to high school students for six years. Three years ago I was introduced to James Lester's textbook. I cannot believe how it has changed the way I teach and what my students learn. In one textbook I can go from selecting a topic and gathering data to organizing ideas, writing notes and an outline, and formatting the paper. It includes lengthy sections on both the MLA and APA styles as well as the footnote, number (endnote), and name and year systems. My students have gone to college and returned to tell me that, according to their professors, their papers were "by far the best one[s] in the class in knowledge of citing sources." I can't give this textbook any higher praise than that.
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