Zigbee Wireless Sensor and Control Network

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-10-29
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall

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The simple, concise guide to the Zigbee standard and architecture: for everyone creating ZigBee wireless control and sensor applications--Helps readers gain a practical understanding of Zigbee architecture even if they have little or no background in networking.-Describes each layer of the Zigbee standard, and demystifies all the concepts and terminology professionals need to understand.-Covers security, address assignment, routing, home automation and smart energy networks, and much more. The low-power Zigbee standard will enable powerful new wireless applications for safety, security, and control, ranging from smart energy to home automation, medical care to advanced remote controls. Rapidly gaining critical mass, Zigbee is now supported by more than 270 companies, including Mitsubishi, Philips, Honeywell, Texas Instruments, Freescale, Motorola, and Samsung. However, the standard is complex, running to more than 600 pages - and, until now, using it has required a deep understanding of networking architecture and protocols. This is the first simple, concise guide to ZigBee architecture, concepts, networking, and applications. ZigBee Wireless Control andthoroughly demystifies ZigBee, giving professionals all the Sensor Networks knowledge they need to start building effective ZigBee solutions. The authors present a complete, easy-to-understand overview of ZigBee technology and its applications, presenting all the information newcomers need, even if they've never worked with other wireless technologies. It details the entire ZigBee protocol stack, and describes how ZigBee rides atop IEEE 802.15.4 MAC and physical layers. They cover security, address assignment, routing, home automation and smart energy applications, ZigBee protocol architecture, and much more.

Author Biography

Ata Elahi has been a Professor in the Computer Science Department of Southern Connecticut State University since 1986. His research areas include computer networks, data communication, computer hardware design, and pipeline processors. Elahi's books include Data, Network, and Internet Communications Technology and Communication Network Technology. He holds a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Mississippi State University. Adam Gschwender is a professional software engineer.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Introduction to Wireless Networksp. 1
Introductionp. 1
The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Reference Modelp. 3
IEEE 802 Standard Committeep. 5
Wireless Technologiesp. 6
Antennap. 8
Error-Detection Methodsp. 9
ISM and U-NH Bandsp. 13
Modulationp. 13
Wireless Local-Area Network (WLAN)p. 17
Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS)p. 20
Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS)p. 20
Wireless MANp. 21
Bluetoothp. 25
Summaryp. 28
Referencesp. 30
ZigBee Wireless Sensor and Control Networkp. 31
Introductionp. 31
ZigBee Network Characteristicsp. 33
ZigBee Device Typesp. 34
ZigBee Topologiesp. 35
End Device (Node) Addressingp. 39
Depth of a Network, Number of Children, and Network Address Allocationp. 40
ZigBee Protocol Architecturep. 40
ZigBee and ZigBee PRO Feature Setsp. 43
Summaryp. 46
Referencesp. 47
IEEE 802.15.4 Physical Layerp. 49
Introductionp. 49
Frequency Band, Data Rate, and Channel Numberingp. 50
Physical Layer Servicesp. 52
Transmitter Power and Receiver Sensitivityp. 57
Physical Layer Information Base (PIB)p. 60
Physical Layer Transmissionp. 61
Summaryp. 68
Referencesp. 69
IEEE 802.15.4 Media Access Control (MAC) Layerp. 71
Introductionp. 71
MAC Layer Servicesp. 71
MAC Layer Information Base (MIB)p. 75
MAC Management Servicesp. 77
Scanning Channelsp. 83
Access Methodp. 84
Data Transfer Modelp. 88
MAC Frame Formatp. 90
Association Requestp. 94
Disassociation Notification Commandp. 96
Orphan Notificationp. 96
Beacon Requestp. 97
Coordinator Realignment Commandp. 97
Summaryp. 98
Referencesp. 98
Network Layerp. 99
Introductionp. 99
Network Layer Data Entity (NLDE) Servicesp. 100
Network Information Base (NIB)p. 102
Network Layer Management Entity (NLME)p. 105
Network Formationp. 108
Joining a Networkp. 110
Network Layer Frame Formatp. 112
Neighbor Tablep. 114
Network Command Frame Formatp. 114
Summaryp. 116
Referencesp. 117
ZigBee Application Support Sublayer (APS)p. 119
Introductionp. 119
Application Support Data Entity (APSDE)p. 119
Application Support Sublayer Management Entity (ASME)p. 122
Application Support Sublayer Information Base (AJB),p. 123
Persistent Datap. 124
Application Support Sublayer Frame Formatp. 125
APS Command Frame Formatp. 127
Summaryp. 128
Referencesp. 128
Application Layerp. 129
Introductionp. 129
Application Object (Endpoint)p. 129
Attribute, Cluster, Cluster Library, and Profilep. 130
Clusterp. 132
General Cluster Commandsp. 134
Attribute Reportingp. 135
ZigBee Cluster Librariesp. 137
ZigBee Device Object (ZDO)p. 140
ZigBee Device Profile (ZDP)p. 140
Device Discoveryp. 143
Bindingp. 146
Network Management Commandsp. 150
ZigBee Coordinator Startupp. 151
Summaryp. 151
Referencesp. 153
ZigBee Securityp. 155
Introductionp. 155
Elements of Network Securityp. 155
Introduction to Cryptographyp. 156
ZigBee Securityp. 160
ZigBee Security Modesp. 161
Security Management Primitivesp. 164
Counter (CTR) Mode Encryptionp. 165
Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) Mode Encryptionp. 166
Network Layer Securityp. 166
Application Support SubLayer Securityp. 168
Summaryp. 174
Referencesp. 175
Address Assignment and Routingp. 177
Introductionp. 177
Address Assignment Using Distributed Schemep. 177
Stochastic Address Assignmentp. 179
Routingp. 179
Dynamic Source Routing (DSR)p. 182
ZigBee Routingp. 183
ZigBee Routing Commandsp. 187
Summaryp. 191
Referencesp. 191
ZigBee Home Automation and Smart Energy Networkp. 193
Home Automation Profilep. 193
Smart Energy Networkp. 197
ZigBee Stack Profile for Smart Energy (SE) Profilep. 200
Smart Energy Clusterp. 203
Smart Energy Devicep. 203
Summaryp. 204
Referencesp. 205
ZigBee RF4CEp. 207
Introductionp. 207
RF4CE Nodes and Topologyp. 208
RF4CE Protocol Architecturep. 209
Network Layer Data Servicesp. 210
Network Layer Management Servicesp. 211
Network Layer Information Base (NIB)p. 212
Discovery Processp. 213
Pairing Processp. 214
Summaryp. 216
Referencesp. 217
6lowpanp. 219
Introductionp. 219
IPv6 Structurep. 220
User Datagram Protocol (UDP)p. 222
IEEE 802.15.4 MAC and Physical Layer Frame Formatp. 222
64-Bit Global Identifierp. 223
Adaptation Layerp. 223
Fragmented IPv6 Payloadp. 228
Wireless HARTp. 229
Introductionp. 229
Wireless HART Physical Layerp. 230
Wireless HART Data Link Layerp. 230
Wireless HART Network Layerp. 231
Wireless HART Network Componentsp. 231
Network Formationp. 232
Securityp. 233
Wireless HART Data Transfer Modep. 233
Z-Wavep. 235
Introductionp. 235
Z-Wave Protocol Architecturep. 235
RF Mediap. 236
MAC Layerp. 236
Abbreviationsp. 237
Bibliographyp. 241
Indexp. 245
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


Preface PrefaceZigBee is a new personal-area network (PAN) standard developed by the ZigBee Alliance. The ZigBee standard can be used to establish a wireless PAN, specifically a low-rate/power wireless sensor and control network. Wireless sensor and control networking is one the most rapidly growing technologies and has a wide variety of applications, including smart energy; commercial building automation; home automation; personal, home, and hospital care; remote-control applications for consumer electronics; telecom applications; and wireless sensor network applications.This book presents an overview of the ZigBee technology and its applications, allowing the wireless system designer, manager, or student access to this new and growing field of wireless sensor and control networking. For the uninitiated in wireless technology, the book provides a helpful overview of wireless technology, giving the reader the background necessary for understanding ZigBee. It goes into detail about the ZigBee protocol stack, describing ZigBee's use of IEEE 802.15.4, which defines the Media Access Control (MAC) and physical layers for the low-rate wireless personal-area network (LR-WPAN), and ZigBee's implementations of the network, security, and application layers. OrganizationThis book is divided into 11 chapters, which commence by introducing you to wireless technology and then proceed up the ZigBee protocol stack. In aggregate, the chapters provide comprehensive coverage of IEEE 802.15.4 and the ZigBee protocol architecture. In addition, three appendixes describe alternative technologies that can also be used to establish a PAN.Chapter 1, "Introduction to Wireless Networks," covers the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) reference model; error detection; the Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) band; modulation techniques; wireless local-area networks (WLANs), frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS); direct-sequence spread spectrum (DSSS); wireless metro-area networks (MANs); and Bluetooth.Chapter 2, "ZigBee Wireless Sensor and Control Network," presents an overview of ZigBee applications, ZigBee characteristics, ZigBee device types, ZigBee topologies, ZigBee protocol architecture, and characteristics of ZigBee Pro.Chapter 3, "IEEE 802.15.4 Physical Layer," covers frequency bands, data rate, channels, the physical layer data and management services, transmitter power, receiver sensitivity, received signal strength indication (RSSI), and link-quality indication.Chapter 4, "IEEE 802.15.4 Media Access Control (MAC) Layer," covers MAC data and management services, the MAC layer information base, access methods, the beacon frame, the MAC data frame and control frame, and the command frame format.Chapter 5, "Network Layer," covers the network layer data entity; the Network Information Base (NIB); the configuration of a new device; starting a network; addressing, joining, and leaving a network; network discovery; channel scanning; the network-formation process; route discovery; and the network command frame format.Chapter 6, "Application Support Sublayer (APS) ," covers the application support sublayer data and management entities, the APS Information Base, the A

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