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While most resources for inclusive education focus on teaching students with mild to moderate disabilities, teachers of students with more severe disabilities need specific methods to provide the individualized and systematic instruction necessary to support students in inclusive environments. This unique book meets that need with approaches, information, and ideas for teachers of students with moderate to severe disabilities in general education classrooms.June E. Downing draws from a strong research base to provide practical instructional strategies, plus suggestions based on personal experience. Featuring tables and figures, chapter summaries, photographs, multiple examples, and strategies that address the how-to of instruction, this resource helps general and special education teachers:- Adapt their curriculum to meet both individual student needs and state standards for core curriculum- Work collaboratively with other teachers- Develop assessments that accurately determine student needs- Keep track of student progress through data collectionEssential for today's inclusive classrooms, this guide covers everything teachers need to know to provide individualized instruction and assessment for their students with significant intellectual disabilities.
Table of Contents
|About the Author|
|Teaching Students With Moderate to Severe Intellectual Disabilities in General Education Classrooms: Foundational Beliefs|
|A Historical Perspective: Where We Came From|
|The Present Situation and Challenge|
|What is Inclusive Education?|
|What is Not Inclusive Education|
|Who Are We Talking About?|
|Instructional Strategies and Teaching Arrangements|
|Characteristics of Effective Instruction for All Students|
|Analyzing Tasks for Improved Learning|
|What We Know About Teaching Students with Moderate to Severe Intellectual Disabilities|
|The Importance of Student Interests|
|Components of the Teaching Task|
|Consequences of the Behavior|
|Using Sequences of Different Prompts to Teach Students: Shaping Behavior|
|Maintaining and Generalizing Skills|
|Teaching Arrangements in General Education Classrooms|
|Determining Student Needs: What to Teach|
|Limitations of Standardized Assessment|
|Family and Child-Based Assessment Procedure|
|What's the Class Doing?|
|Interpreting Content Standards|
|Blending Student/Family Goals with State Standards|
|Identifying Learning Opportunities|
|Writing IEP Goals and Objectives|
|Teaching Core Curriculum to Students With Moderate to Severe Intellectual Disabilities|
|The Critical Need to Adapt Curriculum to Make it Meaningful|
|Identifying the BIG Ideas from Core Curriculum|
|Determining Prompts to Use for a Particular Student and Lesson|
|Examples of Students Receiving Direct Instruction Across Grades and Instructional Arrangements|
|Large Group Instruction|
|Generalization of Skills Taught|
|It Takes a Village: Teaching as a Collaborative Effort|
|The Expectation of Team Collaboration|
|Team Members Involved in Instruction|
|Supporting General Education Ownership|
|Paraprofessionals as Teachers|
|Related Service Providers|
|Peers as Teachers|
|A Few Cautions When Using Peers|
|The Need for Information and Training|
|Effective Use of Team Members|
|The Importance of Consistency|
|Generalization of Skills Across Team Members|
|Keeping Track of Student Progress|
|Types of Data Collection Strategies|
|Linking Data Collection Methods to the IEP Objectives|
|Collecting Data While Teaching in General Education Classrooms|
|Examples of Collecting Data During Instructional Times|
|Test Taking by the Class|
|Training Paraprofessionals and Others to Take Data|
|The Need for Alternate Assessment|
|He's Getting It! Now What? Taking Learning to the Next Level|
|Involving the Student in Planning Next Steps|
|Writing IEP Objectives to Reflect Next Steps|
|Using Standards and Performance Indicators to Determine Next Steps|
|Using Task Analyses to Determine Next Steps|
|Using Life Needs to Determine Next Steps|
|Next Steps for Nonacademic Skills|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|