9780120007950

Advances in Agronomy

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780120007950

  • ISBN10:

    0120007959

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-04-08
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

Volume 73 contains 4 reviews on contemporary and important topics in the agronomic sciences. In Chapter 1, "Interactions among Root-Inhabiting Fungi and Their Implications for Biological Control of Root Pathogens," fungi are defined, their distribution and abundance are discussed, and their role in agroecosystems is present. Chapter 2, "Dwarfing Genes in Plant Improvement," discusses advances in the role of dwarfing genes in plant improvement. Emphasis is placed on breeding and genetic aspects. Chapter 3, "A Review of the Effect of N Fertilizer Type on Gaseous Emissions," covers a topic that is of great environmental interest the effect of nitrogen fertilizers on gaseous emissions. Chapter 4, "Rhizobia in the Field," is a comprehensive review of rhizobia including diversity, systematics, natural populations, and field introduction of rhizobia.

Table of Contents

Contributors ix
Preface xi
Desertification and Its Relation to Climate Variability and Change
Daniel Hillel
Cynthia Rosenzweig
Introduction
2(1)
Concepts and Definitions
3(2)
Processes
5(11)
Case Study: The Sahel
16(4)
Monitoring Desertification
20(1)
Future Climatic Variability and Change
21(10)
Prospects
31(9)
References
35(5)
Fate and Transport of Viruses in Porous Media
Yan Jin
Markus Flury
Introduction
40(3)
Characteristics of Viruses Relevant for Subsurface Fate and Transport
43(2)
Virus Sorption
45(12)
Protein Sorption and Denaturation
57(7)
Virus Survival
64(3)
The Role of the Gas-Liquid Interface in Protein/Virus Inactivation
67(3)
Transport of Viruses in Porous Media
70(16)
Indicators for Human Enteroviruses
86(2)
Concluding Remarks
88(16)
References
91(13)
Current Capabilities and Future Needs of Root Water and Nutrient Uptake Modeling
Jan W. Hopmans
Keith L. Bristow
Introduction
104(5)
Water Transport in Plants
109(6)
Linking Plant Transpiration with Assimilation
115(5)
Transport of Water and Nutrients in the Plant Root
120(6)
Nutrient Uptake Mechanisms
126(6)
Flow and Transport Modeling in Soils
132(3)
Root Water Uptake
135(10)
Nutrient Uptake
145(7)
Coupled Root Water and Nutrient Uptake
152(10)
Comprehensive Example
162(7)
Prognosis
169(17)
References
175(11)
Micronutrients in Crop Production
N. K. Fageria
V. C. Baligar
R. B. Clark
Introduction
186(2)
Status in World Soils
188(7)
Soil Factors Affecting Availability
195(11)
Factors Associated with Supply and Acquisition
206(21)
Improving Supply and Acquisition
227(19)
Conclusion
246(24)
References
247(23)
Soil Science in Tropical and Temperate Regions---Some Differences and Similarities
Alfred E. Hartemink
Introduction
270(1)
Soil Science in Temperate Regions
271(3)
Soil Science in Tropical Regions
274(8)
Diametrically Opposite Interests
282(3)
Impact of Soil Science
285(1)
Concluding Remarks
286(8)
References
287(7)
Responses of Agricultural Crops to Free-Air CO2 Enrichment
B. A. Kimball
K. Kobayashi
M. Bindi
Introduction
294(1)
Methodology
295(31)
Results and Discussion of Crop Responses to Elevated CO2
326(24)
Compendium and Conclusions
350(9)
Summary
359(11)
References
360(10)
The Agronomic and Economic Potential of Break Crops for Ley/Arable Rotations in Temperate Organic Agriculture
M. C. Robson
S. M. Fowler
N. H. Lampkin
C. Leifert
M. Leitch
D. Robinson
C. A. Watson
A. M. Litterick
Introduction
370(1)
Crop Rotations as the Central Management Tool in Organic Farming
371(20)
Break Crops for Nutrient Management
391(12)
Break Crops for Improving Soil Structure
403(6)
Break Crops for Weed Management
409(2)
Break Crops for Pest and Disease Management
411(5)
Conclusions
416(13)
References
417(12)
Index 429

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