9780120038510

Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780120038510

  • ISBN10:

    012003851X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-12-20
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

Benjamin Bederson contributed to the world of physics in many areas: in atomic physics, where he achieved renown by his scattering and polarizability experiments, as the Editor-in-Chief for the American Physical Society, where he saw the introduction of electronic publishing and a remarkable growth of the APS journals, with ever increasing world-wide contributions to these highly esteemed journals, and as the originator of a number of international physics conferences in the fields of atomic and collision physics, which are continuing to this day. Bederson was also a great teacher and university administrator. The first part of this volume of Advances in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics (AAMOP), entitled Benjamin Bederson: Works, Comments and Legacies, contains articles written from a personal perspective. His days at Los Alamos during World War II, working on the A bomb, are recounted by V. Fitch. H. Walther writes on the time when both were editors of AAMOP. H. Lustig, E. Merzbacher and B. Crasemann, with whom Bederson had a long-term association at the American Physical Society, contribute their experiences, one of them in the style of a poem. C.D. Rice recalls his days when he was Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Science at NYU, and the education in physics that he received from Bederson, then Dean of the Graduate School. The contribution by R. Stuewer is on Bederson as physicist historian (his latest interest). N. Lane draws some parallels between "two civic scientists, Benjamin Bederson and the other Benjamin". The papers are introduced by H.H. Stroke, in an overview of Bederson's career. A biography and bibliography are included. The second part of the volume contains scientific articles on the Casimir effects (L. Spruch), dipole polarizabilities (X. Chu, A. Dalgarno), two-electron molecular bonds revisited (G. Chen, S.A. Chin, Y. Dou, K.T. Kapale, M. Kim, A.A. Svidzinsky, K. Uretkin, H. Xiong, M.O. Scully, and resonance fluorescence of two-level atoms (H. Walther). J. Pinard and H.H. Stroke review spectroscopy with radioactive atoms. T. Miller writes on electron attachment and detachment in gases, and, with H. Gould, on recent developments in the measurement of static electric dipole polarizabilities. R. Celotta and J.A. Stroscio's most recent work on trapping and moving atoms on surfaces is contributed here. C.C. Lin and J.B. Borrard's article is on electron-impact excitation cross sections. The late Edward Pollack wrote his last paper for this volume, Atomic and Ionic Collisions. L. Vuskovic and S. Popovi´c write on atomic interactions in a weakly ionized gas and ionizing shock waves. The last scientific article is by H. Kleinpoppen, B. Lohmann, A. Grum-Grzhimailo and U. Becker on approaches to perfect/complete scattering in atomic and molecular physics. The book ends with an essay on teaching by R.E. Collins. * Benjamin Bederson - Atomic Physicist, Civil Scientist. * The Physical Review and Its Editor. * Los Alamos in World War II - View from Below. * Physics in Poetry. * Casimir Effects - Pedagogical Notes. * Atomic Physics in Collisions, Polarizabilities, Gases, Atomic Physics and Radioactive Atoms. * Molecular Bond Revisited. * Resonance Fluorescence in 2-Level Atoms. * Trapping and Moving Atoms on Surfaces.

Table of Contents

Contributors xiii
Introduction
3(6)
H. Henry Stroke
Appreciation of Ben Bederson as Editor of Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
9(2)
Herbert Walther
Benjamin Bederson Curriculum Vitae
11(6)
Research Publications of Benjamin Bederson
17(6)
A Proper Homage to Our Ben
23(6)
Harry Lustig
Benjamin Bederson in the Army, World War II
29(6)
Val L. Fitch
Physics Needs Heroes Too
35(6)
C. Duncan Rice
Two Civic Scientists---Benjamin Bederson and the other Benjamin
41(8)
Neal Lane
An Editor Par Excellence
49(8)
Eugen Merzbacher
Ben as APS Editor
57(8)
Bernd Crasemann
Ben Bederson: Physicist-Historian
65(10)
Roger H. Stuewer
Introduction
65(1)
Wartime Reminiscences
66(3)
Physics and New York City
69(4)
APS Forum on the History of Physics
73(1)
Conclusion
74(1)
References
74(1)
Pedagogical Notes on Classical Casimir Effects
75(8)
Larry Spruch
Introduction
76(1)
Dimensional Analysis and Physical Arguments
77(1)
The Vanishing of ECI
78(3)
An Unauthorized Thank You
81(1)
References
81(2)
Polarizabilities of 3P Atoms and van der Waals Coefficients for Their Interaction with Helium Atoms
83(10)
X. Chu
A. Dalgarno
Introduction
84(1)
Theory: Dynamic Polarizabilities
84(2)
Numerical Method
86(2)
Results: Static Dipole Polarizabilities
88(1)
Van der Waals Coefficients
89(1)
Acknowledgement
90(1)
References
90(3)
The Two Electron Molecular Bond Revisited: From Bohr Orbits to Two-Center Orbitals
93(146)
Goong Chen
Siu A. Chin
Yusheng Dou
Kishore T. Kapale
Moochan Kim
Anatoly A. Svidzinsky
Kerim Urtekin
Han Xiong
Marlan O. Scully
Introduction
95(12)
Recent Progress Based on Bohr's Model
107(4)
General Results and Fundamental Properties of Wave Functions
111(24)
Analytical Wave Mechanical Solutions for One Electron Molecules
135(10)
Two Electron Molecules: Cusp Conditions and Correlation Functions
145(10)
Modelling of Diatomic Molecules
155(29)
Alternative Approaches
184(7)
Conclusions and Outlook
191(1)
Acknowledgements
191(1)
Appendices
192(1)
Separation of Variables for the H2+ -like Schrodinger Equation
192(1)
The Asymptotic Expansion of Λ (λ) for Large λ
193(1)
The Asymptotic Expansion of Λ λ as λ → 1
194(2)
Expansions of Solution Near λ ~~ 1 and λ >> 1: Trial Wave Functions of James and Coolidge
196(2)
The Many-Centered, One Electron Problem in Momentum Space
198(5)
Derivation of the Cusp Conditions
203(5)
Center of Mass Coordinates for the Kinetic Energy -1/2m1 2/1 - 1/2m2 2/2
208(2)
Verifications of the Cusp Conditions for Two-Centered Orbitals in Prolate Spheroidal Coordinates
210(6)
Integrals with the Heitler--London Wave Functions
216(1)
Derivations Related to the Laplacian for Section 6.4
217(5)
Recursion Relations and Their Derivations for Section 6.4
222(9)
Derivations for the 5-Term Recurrence Relations (6.81)
231(1)
Dimensional Scaling in Spherical Coordinates
232(4)
References
236(3)
Resonance Fluorescence of Two-Level Atoms
239(34)
H. Walther
Introduction
239(1)
Theory of the Spectrum of Resonance Fluorescence
240(4)
Total Scattered Intensity, Intensity Correlations, and Photon Antibunching
244(1)
More Theoretical Results---Variants of the AC Stark Effect
245(2)
Experimental Studies of the Spectrum
247(4)
Spectrum at Low Scattering Intensities and Extremely High Resolution
251(9)
Experiments on the Intensity Correlation---Photon Antibunching
260(6)
Photon Correlation Measured with a Single Trapped Particle
266(3)
Conclusion
269(1)
References
270(3)
Atomic Physics with Radioactive Atoms
273(26)
Jacques Pinard
H. Henry Stroke
Introduction
274(1)
``Off-line'' Experiments
275(5)
``On-line'' Experiments
280(14)
Bohr--Weisskopf Effect
294(2)
References
296(3)
Thermal Electron Attachment and Detachment in Gases
299(44)
Thomas M. Miller
Introduction
300(3)
FALP Apparatus
303(6)
Electron Attachment
309(14)
Electron Detachment
323(6)
Electron Affinity
329(1)
New Plasma Effects
330(2)
Concluding Remarks
332(2)
Acknowledgements
334(2)
References
336(7)
Recent Developments in the Measurement of Static Electric Dipole Polarizabilities
343(20)
Harvey Gould
Thomas M. Miller
Introduction
344(2)
Definitions
346(1)
Deflection in Electric Field Gradients
347(2)
Light Force Method
349(1)
Interferometry Experiments
350(2)
Laser-Cooled Atoms
352(2)
Alkali Polarizability, Lifetime and the Dispersion Coefficient
354(1)
Ionic Polarizabilities from Lifetimes
354(1)
Core Polarizability from Microwave Spectroscopy of Rydberg Atoms and Ions
355(1)
Concluding Remarks
356(1)
Acknowledgements
357(1)
References
357(6)
Trapping and Moving Atoms on Surfaces
363(22)
Robert J. Celotta
Joseph A. Stroscio
Introduction
364(1)
Moving Atoms
365(4)
Atom Dynamics
369(11)
Summary and Comments
380(1)
Future Expectations
380(2)
Acknowledgements
382(1)
References
382(3)
Electron-Impact Excitation Cross Sections of Sodium
385(28)
Chun C. Lin
John B. Boffard
Introduction
385(2)
Excitation out of the Ground State
387(14)
Excitation out of Laser Excited States
401(6)
Concluding Remarks
407(2)
Acknowledgements
409(1)
References
409(4)
Atomic and Ionic Collisions
413(38)
Edward Pollack
Ben Bederson
414(1)
Introduction
414(2)
Collisions Involving Heavy Solar Wind Ions
416(6)
Collisions Involving H0 Projectiles
422(19)
Proton Collisions in the Io Plasma Torus
441(2)
Surface Collisions with Highly-Charged Ions
443(3)
Acknowledgement
446(1)
References
447(4)
Atomic Interactions in Weakly Ionized Gas: Ionizing Shock Waves in Neon
451(20)
Leposava Vuskovic
Svetozar Popovic
Introduction
452(3)
Electron Impact Ionization from Excited Neon
455(2)
Energy Pooling Processes in Neon
457(5)
Ionizing Shock Waves in Neon
462(4)
Concluding Remarks
466(1)
Acknowledgements
466(1)
References
466(5)
Approaches to Perfect/Complete Scattering Experiments in Atomic and Molecular Physics
471(64)
H. Kleinpoppen
B. Lohmann
A. Grum-Grzhimailo
U. Becker
Introductory Remarks
472(2)
Analysis of Atomic Collisions
474(22)
Angle and Spin Resolved Analysis of Resonantly Excited Auger Decay
496(16)
Complete Experiments for Half-Collision; Auger Decay
512(7)
Analysis of Molecular Collisions
519(4)
Concluding Remarks
523(4)
References
527(8)
Reflections on Teaching
535(24)
Richard E. Collins
Dedication
535(1)
Introduction
536(1)
Recollections
537(6)
Characteristics of Great Teachers
543(2)
Characteristics of Great Teaching
545(4)
Rewards of Teaching
549(1)
Who Should Teach?
550(2)
Recognition of Excellent Teaching
552(1)
Evaluation of Teaching
553(2)
Assessment of Students
555(1)
Conclusion
556(1)
Acknowledgement
557(1)
References
557(2)
Index 559(16)
Contents of Volumes in This Serial 575

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