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African-American Odyssey, The: Volume II, Since 1863

by ; ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780130977953

ISBN10:
0130977950
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

For one/two-semester, undergraduate courses in African-American History, African-American Studies, and United States History. Written by leading scholars, The African-American Odyssey is a clear and comprehensive narrative of African-American history, from its African roots to the 21st century. This text places African-American history at the center, and in the context, of American History. Biographical profiles, documents, art, a Living Word CD, and the Companion Website dramatize the narrative and illuminate key personalities, events, and issues that shaped African-American history.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
The Meaning of Freedom: The Promise of Reconstruction, 1865-1868
258(26)
The End of Slavery
260(1)
Differing Reactions of Former Slaves
260(1)
Reuniting Black Families
260(1)
Land
261(1)
Special Field Order #15
261(1)
The Port Royal Experiment
262(1)
The Freedmen's Bureau
262(1)
Voices A Freedmen's Bureau Commissioner Tells Freed People What Freedom Means
262(2)
Southern Homestead Act
264(1)
Sharecropping
264(1)
The Black Church
264(3)
Education
267(1)
Black Teachers
267(1)
Voices A Northern Black Woman on Teaching Freedmen
268(3)
Black Colleges
269(1)
Response of White Southerners
270(1)
Profile Charlotte E. Ray
271(1)
Violence
271(1)
The Crusade for Political and Civil Rights
272(1)
Profile Aaron A. Bradley
273(1)
Presidential Reconstruction under Andrew Johnson
274(1)
Black Codes
274(1)
Black Conventions
274(2)
The Radical Republicans
276(1)
Radical Proposals
276(1)
The Freedmen's Bureau Bill and the Civil Rights Bill
276(1)
Johnson's Vetoes
276(1)
The Fourteenth Amendment
277(1)
Radical Reconstruction
277(1)
Universal Manhood Suffrage
278(1)
Black Politics
278(1)
Sit-Ins and Strikes
278(1)
The Reaction of White Southerners
278(6)
Conclusions
279(1)
Review Questions
280(1)
Recommended Reading
281(1)
Additional Bibliography
282(1)
Retracing the Odyssey
282(1)
African-American History on the Internet
283(1)
The Meaning of Freedom: The Failure of Reconstruction
284(22)
Constitutional Conventions
286(1)
Elections
287(1)
Black Political Leaders
287(1)
The Issues
288(1)
Education and Social Welfare
288(1)
Profile the Gibbs Brothers
289(1)
Civil Rights
290(1)
Economic Issues
290(1)
Land
290(1)
Business and Industry
291(1)
Black Politicians: An Evaluation
291(1)
Republican Factionalism
291(1)
Opposition
291(1)
Profile The Rollin Sisters
292(1)
The Ku Klux Klan
293(2)
Voices An Appeal for Help Against the Klan
295(1)
The Fifteenth Amendment
295(1)
The Enforcement Acts
296(1)
The North Loses Interest
297(1)
The Freedmen's Bank
297(1)
The Civil Rights Act of 1875
298(1)
Voices Black Leaders Support the Passage of a Civil Rights Act
299(1)
The End of Reconstruction
299(7)
Violent Redemption
300(1)
The Shotgun Policy
300(1)
The Hamburg Massacre
300(1)
The Compromise of 1877
301(1)
Conclusion
302(1)
Review Questions
302(1)
Recommended Reading
303(1)
Additional Bibliography
303(1)
Retracing the Odyssey
304(1)
African-American History on the Internet
305(1)
PART IV Searching for Safe Spaces 306(120)
White Supremacy Triumphant: African Americans in the South in the Late Nineteenth Century
309(25)
Politics
310(4)
Black Congressmen
311(1)
Democrats and Farmer Discontent
311(2)
The Colored Farmers' Alliance
313(1)
The Populist Party
313(1)
Disfranchisement
314(1)
Evading the Fifteenth Amendment
314(1)
Mississippi
314(1)
South Carolina
315(1)
The Grandfather Clause
315(1)
Segregation
315(2)
Jim Crow
316(1)
Segregation on the Railroads
316(1)
Plessy v. Ferguson
316(1)
Voices Majority and Dissenting Opinions on Plessy v. in Ferguson
317(1)
Streetcar Segregation
318(1)
Segregation Proliferates
318(1)
Racial Etiquette
318(1)
Violence
319(3)
Washington County, Texas
319(1)
The Phoenix Riot
319(1)
The Wilmington Riot
319(1)
The New Orleans Riot
319(1)
Lynching
320(1)
Rape
321(1)
Profile Ida Wells Barnett
322(1)
Migration
323(1)
The Liberian Exodus
323(1)
The Exodusters
323(1)
Migration within the South
324(1)
Black Farm Families
324(2)
Sharecroppers
324(1)
Renters
325(1)
Crop Liens
325(1)
Peonage
326(1)
Voices Cash and Debt for the Black Cotton Farmer
326(2)
Black Landowners
326(1)
White Resentment of Black Success
327(1)
Profile Johnson C. Whittaker
328(1)
African Americans and Southern Courts
329(5)
Segregated Justice
329(1)
The Convict Lease System
329(1)
Conclusion
330(1)
Review Questions
331(1)
Recommended Reading
332(1)
Additional Bibliography
332(1)
Retracing the Odyssey
333(1)
African-American History on the Internet
333(1)
Black Southerners Challenge White Supremacy
334(30)
Social Darwinism
336(1)
Education and Schools
336(4)
Segregated Schools
337(1)
The Hampton Model
338(1)
Washington and the Tuskegee Model
338(2)
Critics of the Tuskegee Model
340(1)
Voices Thomas E. Miller and the Mission of the Black Land-Grant College
340(1)
Church and Religion
341(3)
The Church as Solace and Escape
343(1)
The Holiness Movement and the Pentecostal Church
343(1)
Profile Henry McNeal Turner
344(3)
Roman Catholics and Episcopalians
345(1)
Red versus Black: The Buffalo Soldiers
345(1)
Discrimination in the Army
345(1)
The Buffalo Soldiers in Combat
346(1)
Civilian Hostility to Black Soldiers
346(1)
Brownsville
346(1)
African Americans in the Navy
347(1)
The Black Cowboys
347(1)
The Spanish-American War
347(3)
Black Others
348(1)
A Splendid Little War
349(1)
After the War
349(1)
Voices Black Men in Battle in Cuba
350(1)
The Philippine Insurrection
351(1)
Would Black Men Fight Brown Men?
351(1)
Black Businesspeople and Entrepreneurs
351(1)
Profile Maggie Lena Walker
352(1)
African Americans and Labor
353(2)
Unions
353(1)
Strikes
354(1)
Black Professionals
355(1)
Medicine
355(1)
The Law
356(1)
Music
356(2)
Ragtime
356(1)
Jazz
357(1)
The Blues
357(1)
Sports
358(6)
Jack Johnson
358(1)
Baseball
359(1)
Basketball and Other Sports
359(1)
College Athletics
359(1)
Conclusions
360(1)
Review Questions
360(1)
Recommended Reading
361(1)
Additional Bibliography
362(1)
Retracing the Odyssey
363(1)
African-American History on the Internet
363(1)
Conciliation, Agitation, and Migration: African Americans in the Early Twentieth Century
364(36)
Race and the Progressive Movement
366(1)
Booker T. Washington's Approach
366(3)
Washington's Influence
367(1)
The Tuskegee Machine
368(1)
Opposition to Washington
369(1)
W. E. B. Du Bois
369(1)
Voices W E. B. Du Bois on Being Black in America
370(1)
The Niagara Movement
371(1)
The NAACP
372(2)
Using the System
372(1)
Du Bois and The Crisis
372(1)
Washington versus the NAACP
373(1)
The Urban League
374(1)
Black Women and the Club Movement
374(1)
The NACW: ``Lifting as We Climb''
374(1)
Phillis Wheatley Clubs
374(1)
Profile Mary Church Terrell
375(1)
Anna Julia Cooper and Black Feminism
376(1)
Women's Suffrage
376(1)
The Black Elite
376(1)
The American Negro Academy
376(1)
Profile Lewis Latimer, Black Inventor
377(1)
The Upper Class
378(1)
Fraternities and Sororities
378(1)
Presidential Politics
378(1)
Frustrated by the Republicans
378(1)
Woodrow Wilson
378(1)
Profile George Washington Carver and Ernest Everett Just
379(1)
Black Men and the Military in World War I
380(3)
The Punitive Expedition to Mexico
380(1)
World War I
381(1)
Black Troops and Officers
381(1)
Discrimination and Its Effects
381(2)
Du Bois's Disappointment
383(1)
Race Riots
383(5)
Atlanta 1906
384(1)
Springfield 1908
385(1)
East St. Louis 1917
385(1)
Houston 1917
386(1)
Chicago 1919
387(1)
Elaine 1919
387(1)
Tulsa 1921
387(1)
Rosewood 1923
388(1)
The Great Migration
388(2)
Why Migrate?
388(2)
Destinations
390(1)
Voices A Migrant to the North Writes Home
390(1)
Northern Communities
391(2)
Chicago
392(1)
Harlem
392(1)
Families
393(7)
Conclusion
394(1)
Review Questions
395(1)
Recommended Reading
395(1)
Additional Bibliography
395(3)
Retracing the Odyssey
398(1)
African-American History on the Internet
398(2)
African Americans and the 1920s
400(26)
Strikes and the Red Scare
402(1)
Varieties of Racism
402(2)
Scientific Racism
403(1)
The Birth of a Nation
403(1)
The Ku Klux Klan
404(1)
Protest, Pride, and Pan Africanism: Black Organizations in the Twenties
404(1)
The NAACP
404(1)
Voices The Negro National Anthem: ``Lift Every Voice and Sing''
405(1)
Profile James Weldon Johnson
406(2)
``Up You Mighty Race'': Marcus Garvey and the UNIA
407(1)
Voices Marcus Garvey Appeals for a New African Nation
408(3)
Pan-Africanism
410(1)
Labor
411(2)
The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
412(1)
A. Philip Randolph
412(1)
The Harlem Renaissance
413(5)
Before Harlem
414(1)
Writers and Artists
415(2)
White People and the Harlem Renaissance
417(1)
Harlem and the Jazz Age
418(1)
Profile Bessie Smith
419(1)
Song, Dance, and Stage
420(1)
Sports
420(6)
Rube Foster
421(1)
College Sports
421(1)
Conclusion
421(1)
Review Questions
422(1)
Recommended Reading
423(1)
Additional Bibliography
423(1)
Retracing the Odyssey
424(1)
African-American History on the Internet
425(1)
PART V The Great Depression and World War II 426(84)
The Great Depression and the New Deal
428(26)
The Cataclysm, 1929-1933
430(3)
Harder Times for Black America
430(1)
Black Businesses in the Depression: Collapse and Survival
431(2)
The Failure of Relief
433(1)
African Americans and the New Deal
434(2)
Roosevelt and the First New Deal, 1933-1935
434(1)
Black Officials in the New Deal
435(1)
Voices A Black Sharecropper Details Abuse in the Administration of Agricultural Relief
436(2)
Black Social Scientists and the New Deal
437(1)
Profile Mary McLeod Bethune
438(3)
African Americans and the Second New Deal
439(2)
Black Protest During the Great Depression
441(3)
The NAACP and Civil Rights Struggles
441(1)
Du Bois Ignites a Controversy
441(1)
Challenging Racial Discrimination in the Courts
442(1)
Black Women and Community Organizing
443(1)
Organized Labor and Black America
444(1)
The Communist Party and African Americans
445(1)
The International labor Defense and the ``Scottsboro Boys''
445(1)
Profile Angelo Herndon
446(2)
Debating Communist Leadership
447(1)
The National Negro Congress
448(1)
The Tuskegee Study
448(1)
Voices Hoboing in Alabama
449(5)
Conclusion
450(1)
Review Questions
450(1)
Recommended Reading
450(1)
Additional Bibliography
451(2)
Retracing the Odyssey
453(1)
African-American History on the Internet
453(1)
Black Culture and Society in the 1930s and 1940s
454(26)
Black Culture in a Midwestern City
456(1)
The Black Culture Industry and American Racism
457(1)
The Music Culture from Swing to Bebop
457(1)
Profile Charlie Parker
458(2)
Popular Culture for the Masses: Comic Strips, Radio, and the Movies
460(3)
The Comics
460(1)
Radio and Race
460(1)
Race, Representation, and the Movies
461(2)
The Black Chicago Renaissance
463(1)
Profile Langston Hughes
464(3)
Jazz in Chicago
465(1)
Gospel in Chicago: Thomas Dorsey
466(1)
Chicago in Dance and Song: Katherine Dunham and Billie Holiday
466(1)
Voices Margaret Walker on Black Culture
467(2)
Voices Billie Holiday, 1915-1959 and ``Strange Fruit''
469(1)
Black Graphic Art
470(1)
Black Literature
470(2)
Richard Wright's Native Son
471(1)
James Baldwin Challenges Wright
471(1)
Ralph Ellison and Invisible Man
472(1)
African Americans in Sports
472(2)
Jesse Owens and Joe Louis
473(1)
Breaking the Color Barrier in Baseball
473(1)
Black Religious Culture
474(6)
The Nation of Islam
474(1)
Father Divine and the Peace Mission Movement
474(1)
Conclusion
475(1)
Review Questions
475(1)
Recommended Reading
476(1)
Additional Bibliography
477(2)
Retracing the Odyssey
479(1)
African American History on the Internet
479(1)
The World War II Era and Seeds of a Revolution
480(30)
On the Eve of War, 1936-1941
482(3)
African Americans and the Emerging World Crisis
483(1)
A. Philip Randolph and the March on Washington Movement
483(2)
Executive Order #8802
485(1)
Race and the U.S. Armed Forces
485(3)
Institutional Racism in the American Military
485(1)
The Costs of Military Discrimination
486(1)
Soldiers and Civilians Protest Military Discrimination
487(1)
Black Women in the Struggle to Desegregate the Military
487(1)
Voices William H. Hastie Resigns m Protest
488(2)
The Beginning of Military Desegregation
489(1)
Voices Separate but Equal Training for Black Army Nurses?
490(1)
Profile Mabel K. Staupers (1890-1989)
491(2)
The Tuskegee Airmen
491(1)
The Transformation of Black Soldiers
492(1)
Black People on the Home Front
493(3)
Black Workers: From Farm to Factory
493(1)
The FEPC during the War
494(1)
Anatomy of a Race Riot: Detroit, 1943
494(1)
Old and New Protest Groups on the Home Front
495(1)
Profile Bayard Rustin
496(1)
The Transition to Peace
497(1)
The Cold War and International Politics
497(3)
African Americans in World Affairs: W. E. B. Du Bois and Ralph Bunche
498(1)
Anticommunism at Home
498(1)
Paul Robeson
498(1)
Henry Wallace and the 1948 Presidential Election
499(1)
Desegregating the Armed Forces
499(1)
The Road to Brown
500(10)
Constance Baker Motley and Black Lawyers in the South
500(2)
Brown and the Coming Revolution
502(4)
Conclusion
506(1)
Review Questions
506(1)
Recommended Reading
506(1)
Additional Bibliography
507(2)
Retracing the Odyssey
509(1)
African-American History on the Internet
509(1)
PART VI The Black Revolution 510(98)
The Freedom Movement, 1954-1965
512(30)
The 1950s: Prosperity and Prejudice
514(1)
Brown II
514(1)
Massive White Resistance
514(1)
The Lynching of Emmett Till
515(1)
New Forms of Protest: The Montgomery Bus Boycott
515(2)
The Roots of Revolution
516(1)
Voices Letter of the Montgomery Women's Political Council to Mayor W. A. Gayle
517(1)
Rosa Parks
517(1)
Profile Rosa Loiuse McCauley Parks (1913-)
518(3)
Montgomery Improvement Association
519(1)
Martin Luther King, Jr.
519(1)
Walking for Freedom
520(1)
Friends in the North
520(1)
Victory
521(1)
No Easy Road to Freedom: 1957-1960
521(1)
Martin Luther King and the SCLC
521(1)
Civil Rights Act of 1957
521(1)
Little Rock, Arkansas
522(1)
Black Youth Stand Up by Sitting Down
522(3)
Sit-ins: Greensboro, Nashville, Atlanta
523(1)
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
524(1)
Freedom Rides
524(1)
A Sight to be Seen: The Movement at High Tide
525(1)
The Election of 1960
525(1)
Profile Robert Parris Moses
526(2)
The Kennedy Administration and the Civil Rights Movement
527(1)
Voter Registration Projects
527(1)
The Albany Movement
528(1)
Voices Bernice Johnson Reagon on How to Raise a Freedom Song
528(1)
The Birmingham Confrontation
529(1)
A Hard Victory
530(4)
The March on Washington
530(1)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
531(2)
Mississippi Freedom Summer
533(1)
The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
533(1)
Profile Fannie Lou Hamer
534(8)
Selma and the Voting Rights Act of 1965
535(1)
Conclusion
536(1)
Review Questions
536(1)
Recommended Reading
537(3)
Additional Bibliography
540(1)
Retracing the Odyssey
541(1)
African-American History on the Internet
541(1)
The Struggle Continues, 1965-1980
542(34)
The Fading Dream of Racial Integration: White Backlash and Black Nationalism
544(3)
Malcolm X
545(1)
Malcolm X's New Departure
545(1)
Stokely Carmichael and Black Power
545(1)
The National Council of Churches
546(1)
The Black Panther Party
547(1)
Police Repression and the FBI's Cointelpro
547(1)
Voices the Black Panther Party Platform
548(1)
Prisoners' Rights
549(1)
The Inner-City Rebellions
549(2)
Watts
550(1)
Newark
550(1)
Detroit
550(1)
The Kerner Commission
551(1)
Difficulties in Creating the Great Society
551(1)
Johnson and the War in Vietnam
552(2)
Black Americans and the Vietnam War
553(1)
Project 100,000
553(1)
Johnson: Vietnam Destroys the Great Society
554(1)
Voices They Called Each Other ``Bloods''
555(1)
Profile Muhammad Ali
556(1)
King: Searching for a New Strategy
557(1)
King on the Vietnam War
557(1)
King's Murder
557(1)
The Black Arts Movement and Black Consciousness
558(3)
Poetry and Theater
559(1)
Music
560(1)
The Second Phase of the Black Student Movement
561(1)
The Orangeburg Massacre
561(1)
Black Studies
561(1)
The Election of 1968
562(1)
The Nixon Presidency
563(2)
The ``Moynihan Report'' and FAP
563(1)
Busing
564(1)
Nixon and the War
564(1)
Nixon's Downfall
565(1)
The Rise of Black Elected Officials
565(2)
The Gary Convention and the Black Political Agenda
566(1)
Black People Gain Local Offices
567(1)
Economic Downturn
567(1)
Black Americans and the Carter Presidency
567(1)
Black Appointees
567(1)
Profile Eleanor Holmes Norton
568(8)
Carter's Domestic Policies
569(1)
Conclusion
569(2)
Review Questions
571(1)
Recommended Reading
572(1)
Additional Bibliography
572(2)
Retracing the Odyssey
574(1)
African-American History on the Internet
575(1)
Modern Black America, 1980 to Present
576(32)
Progress and Poverty
578(1)
The Growth of the Black Middle Class
578(1)
Profile Oprah Winfrey: World's Richest Black Woman
579(1)
The Persistence of Black Poverty
580(1)
Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Reaction
580(3)
Dismantling the Great Society
581(1)
Black Conservatives
581(1)
The Thomas-Hill Controversy
581(1)
Debating the ``Old'' and the ``New'' Civil Rights
582(1)
Affirmative Action
582(1)
Voices Black Women in Defense of Themselves
583(2)
The Backlash
584(1)
Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Reaction
585(2)
The King Holiday
586(1)
TransAfrica and the Antiapartheid Movement
586(1)
Jesse Jackson and the Rainbow Coalition
587(1)
Policing the Black Community
588(2)
Human Rights in America
589(1)
Police Director Hubert Williams of Newark
590(1)
The Election of 1992
590(3)
``It's The Economy, Stupid?''
591(1)
Clinton Signs the Welfare Reform Act
592(1)
Profile Spike Lee, A Voice of Protest
593(1)
African-American Cultural and Intellectual Movements at the End of the Millennium
594(6)
Black Feminism
594(1)
Black Intellectuals
595(1)
Afrocentricity
595(2)
Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam
597(1)
The Million Man March
598(1)
The Million Woman March
599(1)
Black Christianity on the Front lines
599(1)
The Hip-Hop Nation
600(1)
2000 and Beyond
600(8)
The 2000 Census and Black America
601(1)
Reparation
601(2)
September 11, 2001
603(1)
Conclusion
603(1)
Review Questions
604(1)
Recommended Reading
604(1)
Additional Bibliography
604(2)
Retracing the Odyssey
606(1)
African-American History on the Internet
606(2)
Epilogue: ``A Nation Within a Nation'' 608
Appendix 1(1)
Credits 1(1)
Index 1


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