9780582298989

After the Civil Wars: English Politics and Government in the Reign of Charles II

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780582298989

  • ISBN10:

    0582298989

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2000-11-03
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

The first study of Restoration England from the point of view of both rulers and ruled, this volume offers a vital reappraisal of seventeenth century England. The civil wars had a traumatic effect on the English people: memories of bloodshed and destruction and the ultimate horror of the execution of Charles I continued to be invoked for decades afterwards. It is often argued that the political and religious fissures created by the wars divided English society irrevocably, as demonstrated by the later bitter conflict between the Whig and Tory parties. After the Civil Wars proposes instead that although there was political conflict, Charles II's reign was not a continuation of the divisions of the civil wars.

Author Biography

John Miller is Professor of History at Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
Prologue 1(6)
Part one: The working of politics
Rulers and ruled
7(12)
A self-governing people
7(3)
The law
10(9)
Centre and localities
19(16)
Policy- and decision-making
19(4)
Local government
23(3)
The means of coercion
26(9)
Favour and reward
35(18)
The mechanisms of patronage
35(6)
The nature of rewards
41(12)
News
53(19)
The demand for news
53(2)
Print
55(3)
Handwritten news
58(5)
Word of mouth
63(9)
Popular politics
72(27)
The nature of popular politics
72(4)
Riot
76(7)
Elections
83(16)
Parliament
99(12)
Representatives and represented
99(2)
The business of Parliament
101(4)
King and Parliament
105(6)
Part two: Political division and conflict
The issues: I. Popery and arbitrary government
111(15)
The ancient constitution
111(4)
Anti-popery
115(3)
Popery and arbitrary government
118(8)
The issues: II. Church and Dissent
126(35)
Before the Restoration
126(6)
The Restoration settlement
132(3)
Church and people
135(6)
The nature of Dissent: Presbyterians
141(3)
The nature of Dissent: Independents, Baptists and Quakers
144(3)
Persecution
147(14)
The frustrations of the Cavaliers, 1660--64
161(34)
The liquidation of the past
161(3)
The resentments of the Cavaliers
164(5)
The machinery of coercion
169(2)
The Corporation Act
171(3)
The church settlement
174(7)
The Cavaliers' revenge?
181(14)
Politics in flux, 1664--73
195(22)
The second Dutch war and its aftermath
195(3)
The Cabal
198(4)
Church and Dissent
202(15)
The rebirth of party, 1673--78
217(28)
Danby and the direction of policy
217(5)
Danby and the patronage system
222(4)
Partisan divisions: Parliament
226(1)
Partisan divisions: the localities
227(8)
The politicization of the legal system
235(10)
`Guelphs and Ghibellines', 1679--81
245(27)
A county divided
245(4)
The political issues: an exclusion crisis?
249(5)
Church and Dissent
254(2)
The process of political division
256(1)
Elections
257(4)
Petitions and addresses
261(2)
The law
263(9)
The triumph of the Tories, 1681--85
272(24)
Tory and Whig
272(5)
Royal policy
277(2)
Church and Dissent
279(4)
The law
283(2)
The towns
285(3)
The general election of 1685
288(8)
Abbreviations 296(5)
Select bibliography 301(6)
Glossary 307(5)
Index 312

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