9781565490833

Aiding Violence: Development Enterprise in Rwanda

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781565490833

  • ISBN10:

    1565490835

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 1998-11-30
  • Publisher: Lynne Rienner

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Summary

* Winner of the African Studies Association's 1999 Herskovits Award * A boldly critical look at structural violence relating to the 1994 Rwanda genocide Aiding Violenceexpresses outrage at the contradiction of massive genocide in a country considered by Western aid agencies to be a model of development. Focusing on the 1990s dynamics of militarization and polarization that resulted in genocide, Uvin reveals how aid enterprises reacted, or failed to react, to those dynamics. By outlining the profound structural basis on which the genocidal edifice was built, the book exposes practices of inequality, exclusion, and humiliation throughout Rwanda.

Table of Contents

Illustrationsp. vii
Prefacep. viii
Introductionp. 1
Backgroundp. 11
Rwanda before Independence: A Contested Historyp. 13
After Independence: Strategies for Elite Consolidationp. 19
Development as Legitimizationp. 23
The Ideology of the Social Revolutionp. 26
The Roots of Prejudicep. 27
The Institutionalized Structure of Prejudicep. 34
The Image of Rwanda in the Development Communityp. 40
The Importance of Development Aid in Rwandap. 40
The Image: Development against the Oddsp. 42
The Datap. 46
From Development to Relief: Explaining the Transitionp. 49
Crisis, Elite Manipulation, and Violence in the 1990sp. 51
Political and Economic Crises and the Radicalization of Societyp. 53
Economic Crisesp. 53
Political Crisesp. 60
From Elite Fear to the Incitation of Genocidep. 63
Beyond the Standard Explanationp. 67
Under the Volcano: The Development Community in the 1990sp. 82
On Knowledge and Ignorancep. 83
The 1990s Development Communityp. 87
The Broader Picturep. 94
The Condition of Structural Violencep. 103
From Structural to Acute Violencep. 109
Poverty and Inequalityp. 110
The Forces of Exclusionp. 118
Prejudice and Humiliationp. 127
From Structural Violence to Genocidep. 136
Aid and Structural Violencep. 141
The Impact of Development Aid on Structural Violencep. 141
Why the Blindness?p. 154
Two Issues: The Role of Civil Society and Ecological Resource Scarcityp. 161
And Where Was Civil Society?p. 163
Overview of the Associative Sector in Rwandap. 164
The Puzzle of Civil Society in Rwandap. 167
Civil Society: Quantity versus Qualityp. 169
On the Democratizing Impact of Civil Societyp. 172
The Role of Ecological Resource Scarcityp. 180
Rwanda's Ecology: An Overviewp. 184
Ecological Resource Scarcity: Challenges and Responsesp. 186
Genocide and Ecological Resource Scarcityp. 197
Conclusionsp. 203
Why Did People Participate in Genocide? A Theoretically Informed Synthesisp. 205
Political Science and Sociological Explanationsp. 208
Psychological Explanationsp. 212
Additional Factors of Importancep. 218
Development Aid: Conclusions and Paths for Reflectionp. 224
The Dual Role of Aidp. 224
The Politics of Development Interventionsp. 232
Democratization and Civil Societyp. 234
Aid and Political Conditionalityp. 236
Bibliographyp. 239
Indexp. 263
About the Authorp. 275
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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