9780470711774

Air Travel and Health : A Systems Perspective

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780470711774

  • ISBN10:

    0470711779

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-10-18
  • Publisher: Wiley

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Summary

Unique collection of material on the issues that affect the health of crew and passengers, offering guidance to airline operators and engineers in the difficult field of legislation and product liability Air Travel and Health provides a detailed examination of issues that affect the long term health of aircrew, cabin crew and passengers, and offers guidance to engineers designing aircraft in the difficult field of legislation and product liability. The authors examine the facts, anecdotes and myths that are associated with health and travel, and draw some balanced conclusions on which the aircraft design and operating community can act to provide costeffective solutions if indeed these exist. They describe the aircraft environment, identify the sources of factors that can damage aircrew health, and relate these to legislation. Each of the factors that can affect health is discussed in terms of its impact on aircrew and consequently on working life and chronic illhealth. The impact of legislation on legacy and new designs is discussed together with mechanisms for reducing risk. Air Travel and Health
About the Authorsp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
Series Prefacep. xix
Acknowledgementsp. xxi
Acronyms and Abbreviationsp. xxiii
Introductionp. 1
Factors Affecting Healthp. 2
The System of Interestp. 2
The Operating Environmentp. 2
The Atmospherep. 3
The Aircraft Inhabitantsp. 4
Sources of Environmental Stimulip. 5
The Aircraftp. 6
Military Aircraftp. 6
Commercial Aircraftp. 8
Design Considerationsp. 10
Summaryp. 14
Referencesp. 16
Further Readingp. 16
Useful Web Sitesp. 16
Some 'Minor' Ailmentsp. 17
Introductionp. 17
Health Informationp. 17
Considering the Whole Tripp. 18
Some Symptoms Reported by Travellersp. 18
Health Risksp. 19
Some Common Conditions of Air Travelp. 20
General Discomfortp. 20
Jet Lag (Circadian Dysrhythmia)p. 21
Fear of Flying (Aerophobia)p. 23
Discomfort of the Earsp. 23
Referencesp. 25
Further Readingp. 25
Useful Web Sitesp. 26
Air Qualityp. 27
The Environmentp. 28
The Atmospherep. 28
Air Qualityp. 28
Cabin Air Supplyp. 29
Sources of Contaminationp. 29
Aircraft Environmentsp. 31
Commercial Aircraftp. 31
Military Aircraftp. 33
Environmental Control Systemsp. 36
Air Coolingp. 36
Air Distributionp. 36
Health Issuesp. 40
Effects of Contaminationp. 41
Aerotoxic Syndromep. 41
At Risk on the Ground?p. 47
Spreading Illnessp. 47
System Implicationsp. 48
Contaminantsp. 48
Future Systemsp. 51
Request for Further Informationp. 55
Referencesp. 56
Further Readingp. 57
Useful Web Sitesp. 58
Deep Vein Thrombosisp. 59
Introductionp. 59
How Common is it?p. 61
How Long is a Long Flight?p. 61
The Environmentp. 62
Aircraft Environmentsp. 63
Commercial Aircraftp. 63
Large Military Aircraftp. 64
Fast-Jet Military Aircraftp. 67
The Systemp. 67
Commercial Aircraftp. 67
Military Aircraftp. 68
Health Issuesp. 69
Cabin Altitude and Pressurep. 70
So Who is at Risk?p. 71
Summary of Risksp. 72
System Implicationsp. 73
Litigationp. 73
Preventative Measuresp. 74
Advice to Passengersp. 74
Continuing Workp. 76
Referencesp. 77
Further Readingp. 78
Useful Web Sitesp. 78
Noise and Vibrationp. 79
The Environmentp. 81
Aircraft Environmentp. 82
Commercial Aircraftp. 82
Military Aircraftp. 83
Health Issuesp. 85
Hearingp. 85
Vibrationp. 85
System Implicationsp. 86
Limiting Flying Hoursp. 86
Active Noise Cancellationp. 87
Microphone Disablingp. 87
Personal Noise Managementp. 87
Risk Assessmentp. 88
Referencesp. 88
Further Readingp. 88
Useful Web Sitesp. 88
Exposure to Radiationp. 89
The Environmentp. 89
Cosmic Radiationp. 90
Radiation in Spacep. 92
Non-ionising Radiationp. 92
The Aircraft Environmentp. 93
Ionising Radiation from Spacep. 93
Non-ionising RF Radiationp. 94
Understanding the Risk in Commercial Aircraftp. 97
Understanding the Risk in Military Aircraftp. 99
Aircraft Systemsp. 100
Health Issuesp. 101
Risk of Cancerp. 101
Risks to Female Crew Membersp. 103
Risks to Passengersp. 103
Eye Damagep. 104
Damage to Life Support Equipmentp. 104
System Implicationsp. 104
Legislationp. 104
Mitigating Actionp. 108
Future Developmentsp. 109
Referencesp. 110
Further Readingp. 112
Useful Web Sitesp. 112
Back and Neck Painp. 113
Back Painp. 113
Lower Back Painp. 113
Posturep. 114
Back Pain and Military Aircraftp. 114
Helicopter Pilotsp. 115
Posture and Painp. 117
Neck Strainp. 120
Commercial Aircraft Issuesp. 122
Flight Attendantsp. 122
Passengersp. 123
Lumbar Supportp. 123
Advice for Passengersp. 125
Referencesp. 126
Further Readingp. 127
Military Issuesp. 129
The Cockpit Environmentp. 130
Effects of Accelerationp. 133
Pressure Oxygen Breathing and Hypoxiap. 136
Hypoxiap. 136
Decompression Sicknessp. 137
Referencesp. 137
Further Readingp. 138
Useful Web Sitesp. 138
Workstation Usep. 139
The Environmentp. 140
Aircraft Environmentsp. 141
Commercial Aircraftp. 141
Military Aircraftp. 142
The Systemp. 143
Health Issuesp. 146
Sightp. 146
Posturep. 147
Back and Neck Painp. 147
Vibrationp. 148
System Implicationsp. 148
Referencep. 150
Further Readingp. 150
Useful Web Sitesp. 150
Regulation and Control of Risks to Healthp. 151
Generalp. 151
Legislative Frameworkp. 152
Health and Safetyp. 153
EU Legislationp. 154
Environmental Legislationp. 156
Air Navigation Orderp. 157
Duty of Carep. 157
Summary of Legal Threatsp. 157
Criminal Prosecutionp. 157
Civil Lawsuitsp. 158
Customer/Public Relationsp. 158
Issues Arisingp. 158
The Design Processp. 161
Control of Riskp. 161
Governancep. 161
Company Policyp. 162
Company Proceduresp. 162
Designp. 162
Standardsp. 162
Good Practicep. 163
Design and Qualification Processp. 163
Applicationp. 174
Incorporationp. 175
Operationsp. 175
Feedbackp. 175
Public Commentp. 176
Complaintsp. 176
Litigationp. 176
Referencep. 177
Summary and Conclusionsp. 179
Integration Effectsp. 180
Predispositionp. 182
The Travel Experiencep. 183
Genetic Factorsp. 183
Public Healthp. 183
Domestic Circumstancesp. 183
Carrying and Liftingp. 184
Do-It-Yourself (DIY)p. 184
Noisy Pursuitsp. 184
Lifestyle Factorsp. 184
Water Sportsp. 185
Obesityp. 185
Comparison with General Public Health Conditionsp. 185
Sick Building Syndromep. 185
Myalgic Encephalomyletis (ME) or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)p. 186
WiFi Sensitivityp. 187
Electrical Power Line Sensitivityp. 188
New Car Syndromep. 189
Household and Industrial Cleaning Productsp. 190
Discussionp. 191
Serious Conditionsp. 191
Advice to Industryp. 191
Processes and Proceduresp. 192
Independent Medical Advicep. 193
Researchp. 193
Seeing the 'Big Picture'p. 193
Advice to Operatorsp. 195
Promote Awarenessp. 195
Independent Medical Advicep. 195
Researchp. 195
Advice to Travellersp. 195
Obtain Medical Advicep. 196
Improve Awarenessp. 196
What Can Be Done?p. 199
Finallyp. 204
Referencesp. 204
Further Readingp. 205
Useful Web Sitesp. 205
Bibliographyp. 207
Indexp. 217
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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